Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Botany)

The course is designed such that majorly all the theoretical course are accompanied by practical classes to provide a hands-on experience to the students.

This acquaints them with the necessary skills and professional understanding of the scientific concepts and helps them use this experience in real-life situations during their careers.

Check B.Sc. Botany Career Options and Jobs.

The course is a vast combination of various papers and topics which help a student learn in detail the concepts related to botany.  B.Sc Botany syllabus is as follows:

Name of the course Topics covered Description
Introduction to Biology Biological systems, evolution and biodiversity, Chemical context of living systems. This course deals with the basics of biology and genetic analysis.
Biodiversity- Algae and Microbiology Algae- Introduction, Cyanophyta, Chlorophyta, Charophyta, Xanthophyta, Phaeophyta, Rhodophyta, Applied Phycology. Microbiology- General Microbiology, Applied Microbiology. The main focus of this paper is the different concepts related to algae and microbiology. The algae are categorized and each category deals with the different characteristic properties and the paper also deals with microbiology- theory and application.
Chemistry Inorganic chemistry- Atomic Structure, Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure, Physical Chemistry- Chemical Thermodynamics, Ionic Equilibria. This paper deals with two major branches of chemistry- the inorganic chemistry and the physical chemistry and their concepts in detail.
Computational Skills Computer Fundamentals, Data Representation, Networks terminology, Multimedia, Problem Solving, General Awareness. This is an interdisciplinary course which deals with the fundamentals of computers.
Biodiversity- Mycology and Phytopathology MYCOLOGY (Fungi and allied organisms)- Introduction, Myxomycota, Oomycota, Zygomycota, Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Deuteromycota, Applied Mycology, Lichens. PHYTOPATHOLOGY- Plant Pathology. The major aim of this course is to acquaint the students with the plant pathology in general and an introduction to mycology along with plant diseases, introduction to fungi and aspects of economic botany.
Biodiversity- ARCHEGONIATAE (BRYOPHYTES, PTERIDOPHYTES AND GYMNOSPERMS) Introduction, Structure and Reproduction in Bryophytes, Structure and Reproduction in Pteridophytes, Evolutionary concepts in Pteridophytes, Reproduction in Gymnosperms, Importance. The focus of the paper is biochemistry and molecular biology of plants.
Chemistry Basic Organic Chemistry- Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry, Stereochemistry Chemistry of Biomolecules- Carbohydrates, Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins. This paper deals with advanced chemistry and concepts like the stereochemistry of carbon compounds.
Plant Resource Utilisation Origin of Cultivated Plants, Cereals, Legumes, Fruits, Sugars and Starches, Spices, Beverages, Oils and Fats, Essential Oils, Natural Rubber, Drug Yielding Plants, Masticatories and Fumitories Timber plants, Fibers. This paper deals with the economic botany, its principles and practices and how plants and societies are related.
Cell Biology An Overview of Cells, Tools and techniques of Cell Biology, Composition of Cells, The Nucleus, Protein Sorting and Transport, Mitochondria, Chloroplasts and Peroxisomes, Cytoskeleton and Cell Movement. It is the concepts and experiments of cell and microbiology which is the focus of this paper.
Molecular Biology Nucleic Acids Convey Genetic Information, The Structures of DNA and RNA / Genetic Material, Genome Structure, Chromatin and the Nucleosome, The Replication of DNA (Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes), The Mutability and Repair of DNA. The paper is about the concepts related to cells and molecular biology of the genes.
Plant Development and Anatomy Plant Sporophyte, Introduction and scope of Plant Anatomy, Tissues and Cell Walls, Stem, Leaf, Root, Vascular Cambium, Secondary Growth, Periderm, Adaptive and Protective Systems, Secretory and Excretory System. The paper’s aim is to make students learn about the integrative plant anatomy and plant physiology.
Plant Ecology and Phytogeography Introduction to the Biosphere, Soil, Water, The Atmosphere, The living World, Fire, Levels of Organisation, Population Ecology, Ecosystems, Functional aspects of Ecosystem, Diversity of Ecosystems and Biomes, Phytogeography. The paper deals with ecology environment and resource conservation and the fundamental processes in ecology.
Cell Biology The Plasma Membrane, Cell Wall, the Extracellular Matrix and Cell Interactions, Cell Signaling, The Cell Cycle, Cell Death and Cell Renewal, Cancer. This paper deals with the molecular approach towards cells.
Molecular Biology Mechanism of Transcription, RNA Modifications, Translation (Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes), Transcription Regulation in Prokaryotes, Transcription Regulation in Eukaryotes, Regulatory RNAs. This is the advanced level course in molecular biology for in-depth knowledge.
Plant Systematics and Evolution Significance of Plant systematic, Taxonomic hierarchy, Botanical nomenclature, Systems of classification, Biometrics and numerical taxonomy, Phylogeny of Angiosperms. The paper focuses on the molecular systematics of plant evolution through the phylogenetic approach.
Plant Physiology Water balance in plant cells, Water Stress Physiology, Mineral nutrition, Assimilation of Mineral Nutrients, Translocation in the phloem, Plant growth substances, Control of flowering, Physiology of fruit ripening, Phytochrome and plant development. It is an introductory course to plant physiology and principles in biochemistry.
Environmental Management Introduction, Public awareness of Environment issues, Natural resources, : Effect of human activities, Sustainable Development, Energy, Conservation of resources, Global environment change, Environmental impact assessment. This is a managerial course which deals with aspects like environmental studies and environmental biotechnology along with environmental laws and policies in India. It also deals with social forestry and forest management.
Bioinformatics Introduction to Bioinformatics, Databases in Bioinformatics, Biological Sequence Databases, Sequence Alignments, Molecular Phylogeny, Applications of Bioinformatics The bioinformatics course is a combination course of biology and informatics. The focus is on its principles and applications.
Genetics and Genomics Introduction to Genetics, Mitosis and Meiosis, Mendelian Genetics and its Extension, Linkage, Crossing Over and Chromosomal Mapping, Mutations, Sex Determination, Extrachromosomal Inheritance, Quantitative Genetics. The genetics and genomics form the major portion in learning about the concepts of botany. This paper provides in-depth knowledge in the field of molecular biotechnology.
Plant Metabolism and Biochemistry Enzymes, Carbon Assimilation, Carbohydrate Metabolism, Carbon Oxidation, Nitrogen and Protein Metabolism, Lipid Metabolism, Intermediary Metabolism Regulation of Metabolism, Secondary Metabolites and Plant Defense. The paper deals with plant physiology in detail.
Reproductive Biology of Angiosperms Introduction, Anther, Pollen Biology, Ovule, Pollination and Fertilisation, Self Incompatibility, Endosperm, Embryogenesis, Polyembryony and Apomixis. The focus of this paper is the developmental biology of flowering plants, molecular embryology of flowering plants and concepts related to pollen biology.
Plant Biotechnology Plant Tissue Culture, Tools and Techniques of Genetic Engineering, Plant Transformation Technology, Role of Plant Biotechnology in Agriculture, Environment and Industry. Plant biotechnology deals with the genetic manipulation of plants, plant tissue culture and practices and related fundamental aspects of the plant cell, tissue and organ culture.
Genetics and Genomics Genetic Analysis and Mapping in Bacteria and Bacteriophages, Genome Dynamics-Transposable genetic elements, Eukaryotic Viruses, Developmental Genetics and Model System, Genomics, Bioinformatics and Proteomics, Genomic Analysis- Dissection of Gene Function, Population Genetics, Evolutionary Genetics. It deals with the advanced courses in bioinformatics and functional genomics.

In addition to these papers, the students are also supposed to attend the practical classes to get real experiences and also interdisciplinary courses like computer applications, communication skills and English language. Some colleges also offer interdisciplinary courses from the mathematics and statistics department to provide a more mathematical approach in the managerial studies.


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Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Botany) Colleges IN INDIA

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St. Xavier's College
Mumbai, Maharashtra
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Christ University
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Annamalai University - [AU]
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