Bachelor of Science in Ecology Courses, Syllabus, Jobs and Salary

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Sakshi Gupta

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B. Sc. in Ecology is a 3-year long undergraduate degree course in the Environmental Sciences. The minimum criterion of eligibility needed to be fulfilled for pursuance of the course is a 10+2 qualification. Subjects usually covered in the course’s curriculum are Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Soil Science, Geology, and Geography.

The average tuition fee charged for the course in India ranges between INR 20,000 and 50,000. Admission to the course is based on the candidate’s score in graduation and performance in the round of interview.

Successful graduates of the course are hired in capacities such as Wildlife Film-maker, Environment Journalists, Forest Carbon Specialist, Conservation Hydrologist, Senior Programme Officer, Environment Photographer and Director of Waste Management etc.

Such graduates are lucratively recruited in environmental monitoring organizations, environmental consultancies, universities, industries, distilleries, fertilizer plants, NGOs, pollution control boards, public institutions and private industries and firms such as L&T, Maxwell Ecosystems, Accenture, Allstate solutions, JayPee, Grassroots research, Roufs Cleaning, Westrock, Intertek etc.

The initial salary offered in India for these positions varies between INR 1.5 to 3.5 Lacs annually.

B. Sc. in Ecology: Course Highlights

Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course.

Course Level Graduate
Duration 3 years
Examination Type Semester System
Eligibility (10+2) qualification with science subjects such as Biology, Math and Chemistry
Admission Process Based on score in graduation and performance in interview
Course Fee INR 20,000 to 50,000
Average Starting Salary INR 1.5 to 3.5 Lacs annually
Top Recruiting Companies L&T, Maxwell Ecosystems, Accenture, Allstate solutions, JayPee, Grassroots research, Roufs Cleaning, Westrock, Intertek etc.
Job Positions Wildlife Film-maker Environment Journalists Forest Carbon Specialist Conservation Hydrologist Senior Programme Officer Environment Photographer Director of Waste Management

B. Sc. in Ecology: What is it About?

Environmental Science, also known as Environmental Engineering, is an interdisciplinary field because it also includes elements of Social Science and the Humanities.

Apart from the study of the biological and physical characters of the environment, the course also explores social and cultural factors and the human impact on the environment.

B. Sc. in Ecology: Course Objectives

Listed here are some of the major objectives of the program

  • To educate eligible candidates about sustainable ways of living.
  • To explore the behavior of organisms under natural conditions.
  • To find ways to educate the community about environmental problems and issues.
  • To prepare qualified personnel for exploring innovative ways natural resources more effectively without harming the environment.

There are other branches of environmental science, such as Atmospheric Science, which focuses on the earth’s atmosphere, and Ecology, or Environmental Chemistry, which is the study of how organisms interact with the environment and of chemical alterations in the environment, such as water pollution and soil contamination.

Top Institutes Offering B. Sc. in Ecology

Listed below are some of the top institutes offering the course in the country with the corresponding locations and fees charged by each:

Name of Institute City  Average Fees
Indian Institute of Ecology and Environment Delhi INR 20,000 (course)
The Global Open University Nagaland INR 25,000 (course)
Asutosh College Kolkata INR 60,000 (course)
Anugrah Narayan College Patna INR 40,000 (course)
Netaji Mahavidyalaya Hooghly INR 50,000 (course)

Eligibility for B. Sc. in Ecology

For admission to the course, the candidate is needed to have passed the Higher Secondary School Certificate (10+2) examination from a recognized Board of education with Biology, Math and Chemistry as main subjects.

B. Sc. in Ecology: Admission Process

Admission to the course at some institutes is offered solely on the basis of the candidate’s class XII score.

However, some institutes conduct entrance examinations for admission. Selection in such cases is based on the candidate’s 10+2 score and the aggregate score in the relevant entrance exam.

Given here is a list of some entrance exams conducted in the country.

  • JNU entrance exam
  • Delhi University entrance exam
  • Anna University entrance exam
  • Banaras Hindu University entrance exam,
  • BIT entrance exam
  • CUSAT entrance exam
  • TANCET entrance exam

B. Sc. in Ecology: Syllabus and Course Description

A year- wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated below.

First Year
Concepts of Environment
Lab Course - I
Lab Course – II
Environmental Chemistry
Population Ecology
Lab Course – III
Lab Course – IV
Second Year
Natural Resources
Environmental Microbiology
Lab Course - V
Lab Course – VI
Air Pollution
Solid Waste, Soil and Noise Pollution
Lab Course - VII
Lab Course –VIII
Third Year
Water Pollution
Environmental Geology and Meteorology Or Treatment Technology
Lab Course – IX
Lab Course –X
Environmental Issues
Toxicology or Industrial Safety and Hazardous WasteLab Course – XI
Lab Course –XII

B.Sc. in Ecology: Career Prospects

Successful graduates of the course are hired in both private and government organizations and industries owing to growing industrialization and consequently escalating pollution levels. Organizations engaged in pollution control and sustainable growth both in India and abroad, offer lucrative career opportunities to such graduates. 

Environmental Scientists conduct research activities in private and public- sector institutions, or may teach in universities and colleges, or may even be employed in the media sector as Environmental Journalists.

Successful graduates interested in higher studies in the discipline may go for pursuing M. Phil or Ph. D in the subject.

Annual Salary Graph

Some of the popular professional avenues open to such graduates are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.

Job Position Job Description Average Annual Pay Scale in INR
Environmental Specialist Environmental Specialists are scientists who observe the impact of population on the environment, identify problem areas and recommend solutions. Many specialists work for the government to ensure that specific regulations regarding air, water and soil are met. 4,91,752
Environmental Consultant An Environmental Consultant works on a contractual basis for private and public- sector clients, addressing environmental issues such as water pollution, air quality, and soil contamination. 4,43,732
Research Assistant Research Assistants use multiple streams of data to find information. They use the internet, surveys, legal documents, and other published research to help the person they are assisting collect information. Research Assistants are mostly found in the social science or laboratory settings. 3,02,473 
Wildlife Film-maker A Wildlife Film-maker’s duty might vary from film to film, and filmmakers might choose to delegate tasks in a variety of ways. But they are essentially responsible for taking the film from an idea to a finished product. 1,268,000 
Environment Journalists Environment Journalists collect and analyze facts about newsworthy events by interview, investigation, or observation. They report and write stories for newspaper, news magazine, radio, or television. 3,46,511
Forest Carbon Specialist Forest Carbon Specialists are experienced in forestry management techniques (e.g. FCS, LEI, and RIL), GIS and remote sensing analysis, software and biomass inventories, and forest stock assessments.  6,11,804
Conservation Hydrologist Conservation Hydrologists typically measure the properties of bodies of water, such as volume and stream flow, collect water and soil samples to test for certain properties, such as the pH or pollution levels, analyze data on the environmental impacts of pollution, erosion, drought, and other problems.  2,93,084 
Environment Photographer An Environment Photographer uses photography equipment like cameras to record the environment while ensuring that they do not interfere with an animal's actions or environment  3,45,727
Director of Waste Management Waste Management Officers organize and manage waste disposal, collection and recycling facilities. They may be responsible for waste treatment and street cleaning operations. Some posts combine waste management and recycling functions, while others split them into separate jobs. 2,123,000
Senior Catastrophe Risk Modeler The main goal of a Senior Catastrophe Risk Modeler is to produce and validate probabilistic estimates of losses to insurance companies due to various perils including earthquake, windstorm, etc., preparing data for auditing data cleansing, data checks and importing data from Excel, text, etc. into SQL Query Analyzer along with troubleshooting errors.  5,01,424


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Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Ecology) Colleges IN INDIA

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Sri Venkateswara Vedic University
Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh
4.29 K first year fees