Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Atmospheric Sciences is a 4-year undergraduate engineering course which aims to explore the atmosphere’s physical characteristics, motions and processes, and how these influence aspects of the environment and human life. This course is for students interested the earth’s atmosphere, its processes, and the effects other systems have on the atmosphere. Also known as Aerology, this course deals with a detailed study of the earth’s atmosphere.
The technical program involves various areas of study which can be categorized into Meteorology (atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric physics), Climatology (atmospheric changes), Aeronomy (upper layers of the atmosphere).
Admission of eligible candidates is done through the all India level JEE Main examination or State/university level entrance tests followed by counselling of the shortlisted aspirants. Some universities also conduct aptitude tests and interview rounds for selecting candidates.
One of the top engineering institutes, IIT Delhi, offers B.Tech as well as M.Tech courses in Atmospheric Sciences for students with background in Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry. There are several programs available, such as B.Tech Minor Area in Atmospheric Sciences, M.Tech in Atmospheric – Oceanic Science and Technology, and a few others.
Students pursuing a degree in the Atmospheric Sciences have many career opportunities to combine their studies with outdoor training/internship, laboratory-based research, computer- based modeling, and other types of active learning methods. Several universities and government organizations such as the Ministry of Earth Science, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research and the Armed Forces require scientists trained in atmospheric and oceanic sciences.
Top Colleges for Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] (Atmospheric Sciences)
B.Tech in Atmospheric Sciences Highlights Table
|Name of the course||B.Tech in Atmospheric Sciences|
|Course Level||Under Graduate|
|Duration||4 years, full time|
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Eligibility||10+2 with Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry as compulsory subjects securing 50% marks|
|Admission Process||Entrance Examinations (JEE Main, KEAM) or direct admission in some cases based on qualifying examination|
|Average Course Fee||INR 1 Lakh to 4 Lakh|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 3 Lakh to 8 Lakh|
|Top Recruiting Companies||Indian Meteorological Department, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, the National Aerospace Laboratory, ISRO, IITM-Pune, INCOIS-Hyderabad, CDAC, TCS, TERI, Siemens, Intel|
Top Institutes Offering B.Tech in Atmospheric Sciences
|SR.NO.||COLLEGE/INSTITUTE||CITY/STATE||TUITION FEES (PER YEAR)||ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA||ADMISSION PROCEDURE|
|1||Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi||New Delhi||94,245 INR||Candidates should have qualified HSC (10+2) examination with Physics and Mathematics as compulsory subjects, along with Chemistry/Bio-Technology/Computer Science/Biology/Electronics with minimum 60% marks (55% marks in case of reserved categories)||Admission is purely based on JEE examination. Candidates must qualify JEE (Mains) and JEE Advanced for admission to IIT.|
|2||Cochin University of Science and Technology||Cochin, Kerala||45,600 INR||Candidates must have passed 10+2 with Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry with minimum 50% marks in subjects taken together and 50% marks individually in Mathematics (5% relaxation for reserved categories)||Admission is done on the basis of performance in the KEAM Entrance examination.|
The duration of B.Tech Atmospheric Sciences course is 4 academic years, split into eight semesters, with two semesters in each academic year.
Eligibility Criteria for B.Tech in Atmospheric Sciences
The prerequisite for getting admission into B.Tech Atmospheric Sciences is having cleared 10+2 or HSC examination with Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry with at least 50% marks (60% in case of IIT) from any recognized Indian educational Board. Eligible candidates can appear for the national or State- level entrance examinations conducted by various public and private institutions offering the course. All candidates belonging to the reserved category (SC/ST/OBC) get a relaxation of 5% in the aggregate score.
Admission Process for B.Tech in Atmospheric Sciences
Admission to B.Tech in Atmospheric Sciences is done through entrance examinations (State level or national level) conducted either by the university or by national level entrance examinations such as JEE. Some colleges also provide the option of direct admission via the Board Merit list considering the marks obtained in Class XII which should be at least 80% in aggregate. Students have to go through the counselling once they have successfully cleared either of the below mentioned entrance examination.
- Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main – JEE is a two-tier examination; Main & Advanced. Students can get admission in most of the engineering institutes through JEE Main exam while IITs only consider rankings based on the JEE Advanced exam. Online application process begins around December first week and the last date of online submission of applications is usually in the second or third week of January. Successful candidates meeting the Class XII performance criterion are eligible for admission into IITs.
- Kerala Engineering, Agriculture and Medical (KEAM) – KEAM is a State level entrance examination conducted by the State of Kerala for providing admissions to professional degree courses in various fields such as engineering, agriculture and medical. Also referred to as the CEE Kerala (Combined Entrance Exam), the exam is organized by the Commissioner of Entrance Examination (CEE), Kerala. It is held in the month of April and application forms are available online on the official site of KEAM from February onwards. For B.Tech courses, applicants should have cleared Class XII examination or its equivalent examination with at least 50% marks in Mathematics individually and 50% aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics taken together.
Career Prospects and Job Opportunities for B.Tech in Atmospheric Sciences
With the growth of economy, there has been an increase in industrial applications of weather and climate- based information. Prominent sectors among these are the agriculture industry, aviation, energy resources, insurance & financial services, oil & gas exploration and risk management. Graduates specialized in Atmospheric Sciences can find employment in several sectors such as meteorological departments, space organizations, research and development areas related to weather and climate departments, planetary sciences, etc. They can work as Meteorologists, Professor (Earth and Atmospheric Science), Managing Editor (Earth Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences), Research Scientists (ISRO), Engineers (Atmospheric Sciences – GIS Earthquake) etc.
Meteorology, a sub-discipline of Atmospheric Science, provides many rewarding career opportunities. A Meteorologist can find jobs mainly in the government sector, however, some private companies also recruit atmospheric scientists for environmental pollution control. A country’s military operations such as troop movements, airplane flights, missile launches, and ship movements rely on accurate weather information and the role of a meteorologist becomes crucial for weather predictions. Besides that, there are wonderful opportunities for overseas assignments to military bases and outposts throughout the world. Space application centers also recruit meteorologists and atmospheric scientists/engineers as the launching of satellite also depends on weather conditions.
Below is the list of institutes/organizations where graduates can seek jobs:
- Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology
- India Meteorology Department
- Indian Air Force
- Space Application Center
- National Remote Sensing Agency
- Defense Research and Development Organization
- Indian Space Research Organization
Graduates can also pursue advance courses (M.Tech. and Ph.D.) in Atmospheric Sciences:
M.Tech. (Atmospheric Sciences)
- IIT Delhi
- Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kerala
- University of Pune
- Andhra University, Vishakhapatnam
Below are some of the job titles and job profiles along with the respective remunerations offered in the field of Atmospheric Sciences:
|Job Title||Job Profile||Salary Per Annum|
|Meteorologist||A meteorologist’s work falls into the two main categories of forecasting and research. They predict the weather and study the causes of particular weather conditions using information obtained from the land, sea and upper atmosphere. They also study the impact of weather on the environment, and conduct research into weather patterns, climate change and models of weather prediction.||INR 1,80,000 to INR 3,12,000 (Government jobs)
INR 6,75,000 – INR 7,33,000 (India Meteorological Department)
|Atmospheric Scientist||Atmospheric scientists work for private companies, universities, television stations, and government agencies. Atmospheric scientists use information from charts, pictures, and data reports to learn more about the characteristics of the atmosphere to forecast weather patterns||INR 7,71,012 per year|
|Climatologist||They are concerned with how weather patterns have changed over time. They study the differences in seasonal temperatures, rainfall totals, or wind speeds over time to recognize seasonal and global patterns. Predictions made by climatologists may cover a season or several years. These observations are important to the agriculture, construction, and energy industries.||INR 8,10,688 per year|
|Environmental Meteorologists||They research situations such as the lack of water or air pollution. They issue reports on environmental effects and look at ways to reduce polluting circumstances.||INR 2,75,000 – INR 7,60,000 per year|
|Assistant Professor - Atmospheric Science||Professors (Atmospheric Science) train and teach students on the courses including atmospheric and climatic dynamics, ocean-atmosphere interactions, extreme weather events, land-atmosphere interactions, hydroclimate, cryosphere, and paleoclimate. They develop a vibrant research program in a dynamic interdisciplinary environment, teach, support and mentor students from diverse backgrounds at both undergraduate and graduate levels.||INR 1,87,00 – INR 4,70,000 per year|
Course Structure and Syllabus for B.Tech in Atmospheric Sciences
Fundamentals of Atmosphere and Ocean
Climate Change: Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation
Numerical Simulation of Atmospheric and Oceanic Phenomena
|Semester I||Semester II||Semester III||Semester IV|
|Mathematics||Mathematics||Parameterization of Physical Processes||Tropical Meteorology|
|Physics||Physics||Mathematical & Statistical Methods in Atmospheric Sciences||Satellite Meteorology and Remote Sensing|
|Chemistry||Chemistry||Atmospheric Physics||Biological Oceanography|
|Numerical Simulation of Atmospheric and Oceanic Phenomena||Physics of Atmosphere and Ocean||Air Sea Interaction||Atmospheric Diffusion and Air Pollution|
|Dynamics of Atmosphere and Ocean||Boundary Layer Meteorology and Air Pollution||Science of Climate Change||Simulation Lab I: Weather Analysis and Forecasting|
|Semester V||Semester VI||Semester VII||Semester VIII|
|Simulation Lab II: Objective Analysis & Data Assimilation||Climate Variability||General Meteorology||Atmospheric Science Colloquium|
|Simulation Lab III: Ocean-Atmosphere Forecast Methodology||Modelling of Dynamic Processes of Oceans and Atmosphere||Introduction to Micrometeorology||Physical Oceanography|
|Advanced Ocean Dynamics||Marine Pollution and Coastal Zone Management||An Advanced Course in Micrometeorology and Risk Assessment Techniques||Dynamic Oceanography|
|Air Quality Monitoring and Health Risk Assessment||Advanced Dynamic Meteorology||Dynamic Meteorology||Major Project II (Evaluation and viva-voce)|
|Atmospheric Chemistry and Aerosols||Mesoscale Meteorology||Numerical Modelling of the Atmospheric Processes||Comprehensive Viva-voce|
|--||High Performance Computing in Atmospheric Science||Synoptic Meteorology||--|
|--||Industrial Visits / Viva-voce||Major Project I (Evaluation and Viva-voce)||--|
|--||--||Seminar and Group Discussion||--|
|--||--||Training Report & Viva-Voce||--|
Elective Subjects List (To be assigned by the interested faculty)
- Special Topics & Module in Storm Surges
- Special Topics & Module in Air Pollution
- Special Topics & Module in Air Pollution
- Special Topics & Module in marine and water Pollution
- Special Topics & Module in Remote Sensing
- Special Topics & Module in Objective Analysis
- Special Topics & Module in Clouds and Aerosols
- Special Topics & Module in Lake Circulation Modelling
- Special Topics & Module in Numerical Weather Prediction
- Special Topics & Module in Atmospheric Sciences
- Special Topics & Module in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics
Books for B.Tech in Atmospheric Sciences
- Atmospheric Science, Second Edition: An Introductory Survey (International Geophysics): John M. Wallace, Peter V. Hobbs
- Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics: An Introductory Text (International Geophysics): John Marshall, R. Alan Plumb
- A First Course in Atmospheric Radiation (2nd Ed.): Grant W. Petty
- Introduction to Micrometeorology, Volume 79, Second Edition (International Geophysics): S. Pal Arya
- Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry: Daniel Jacob
- An Introduction to Dynamic Meteorology, Fourth Edition (International Geophysics): James R. Holton
- An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation, Volume 84, Second Edition (International Geophysics): K. N. Liou
- Cloud Dynamics, Volume 53 (International Geophysics): Robert A. Houze Jr.
- Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics: Fundamentals and Large-scale Circulation: Geoffrey K. Vallis.