Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Biomedical Instrumentation is a four year long undergraduate engineering course which covers the designing, repair, maintenance and operation of medical electronic equipment. Also, known as Biomedical and Instrumentation Engineering or Biomedical Engineering, this technical course focuses on how medical electrical equipment can measure physiological data for patients, thereby improving medical care. Being a hands-on program, the course involves training and internships to get a hang of the process related to Biomedical Instrumentation. Students opting for the course are exposed to different areas including biomechanics, electrical safety, computing, engineering and cell biology, data processing, engineering software, and human physiology.
Biomedical Instrumentation is a branch of engineering dealing with the application of the engineering concepts and principles to solve clinical problems in medical care and surgery. With this innovative discipline, the bridge between engineering and medicine can be narrowed down, thus, contributing in the healthcare treatment such as monitoring, diagnosis, therapy and others.
In this course, students are always encouraged to undergo industrial training during the course of their study to learn the practical aspect of the program. Biomedical Instrumentation Engineers can explore excellent employment opportunities in industry, government, universities, medical schools and hospitals. Students can become Biomedical Engineer, Biomedical Application Specialist, Medical Device Entrepreneur, Biomedical Scientist and an Academician in Biomedical Engineering.
Selection in top colleges is mainly through JEE Main ranking or entrance examinations which are conducted by the university like UPTU, COMEDK and others. Once the aspirants clear the entrance examination as per university norms, they have to go through the process of counselling to secure seats in respective institutions.
Top Colleges for Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] (Biomedical Instrumentation)
B.Tech in Biomedical Instrumentation Course Highlights
|Name of the course||B.Tech Biomedical Instrumentation or Bachelor of Technology in Biomedical Instrumentation|
|Duration of the course||4 years|
|Average course fee||INR 110,000 per annum|
|Sectors of employment||Biomechanics, electrical safety, computing, engineering and cell biology|
|Average entry-level salary||INR 600,000 per annum|
|Top entrance exams||JEE Main|
What is B.Tech in Biomedical Instrumentation about?
The main objective of the course is to provide a knowledge-based, timely, cost effective and high quality services to clinicians and doctors in a professional manner to improve and enhance patient care by supporting all aspects of medical technology. A few other objectives are:
- To understand human anatomy and physiology and to study principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment used in diagnosis and treatment
- To become capable to work in multidisciplinary environment involving engineering and health care and by acquiring knowledge in Basic Sciences & Mathematics, Engineering and Medical Sciences
- To develop ability to analyze real life problems and design technically sound, economical, and socially acceptable healthcare solutions
- To understand the current healthcare necessities and the associated multidisciplinary environment and sustainability
- To understand the application of electronics and computers in design and evaluate the safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of biomedical equipment
Duration of B.Tech Biomedical Instrumentation
The duration of B.Tech Biomedical Instrumentation program is four years which is divided into eight semesters with two semesters in each year.
Top Institutes offering B.Tech Biomedical Instrumentation
IIT Kanpur has a separate institute known as Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering (BSBE) which offers B.Tech program in Biosciences and Bioengineering (BSBE) with an aim to expose students to this unique fusion of biology with other basic and engineering sciences. Admission to the B. Tech program is through the joint entrance examination (JEE) conducted by the IITs for students who have secured 60% marks in Class XII. The annual fee for B.Tech in BSBE is 90,000 INR.
|SR.NO.||COLLEGE/INSTITUTE||STATE||TUITION FEES (PER YEAR)||ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA||ADMISSION PROCEDURE|
|1.||National Institute of Technology (NIT), Raipur||Chhattisgarh||57,000 INR||Candidates must have passed in 10+2 with Physics, Mathematics and one of the subjects from (Chemistry, Bio-technology, Computer Science, Biology) with 50% marks||Admission is based on the rank obtained in JEE Main, also known as AIEEE|
|2.||National Institute of Technology (NIT), Rourkela||Odisha||92,750 INR||Pass in 10+2 with Mathematics/Biology, Physics and Chemistry as optional subjects with at least 50% marks||Admission is based on the rank obtained in JEE Main, also known as AIEEE|
|3.||Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal||Karnataka||2,89,000 INR||Pass in 10+2 or equivalent with Physics, Mathematics and English as compulsory subjects along with Chemistry/Biotechnology/Biology as optional with a minimum of 50% marks taken together in Physics, Mathematics and any one of the optional subjects||Admissions are done on the basis of rank in the All India Manipal University Online Entrance Test (MU-OET) conducted between April and May every year|
|4.||SRM University, Chennai||Tamil Nadu||2,50,000 INR||Candidate must have passed 10+2 or its equivalent with minimum 65% aggregate in Mathematics, Physics & Chemistry||Admission is purely based on the performance in the SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Examination (SRMJEEE) conducted by the university in the month of April or top rank holders in JEE Main|
|5.||Bundelkhand University, Jhansi||Uttar Pradesh||67,000 INR||50% marks in 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as compulsory subjects||Admission is made on the basis of performance in the UPTU examination (UP State Entrance Examination)|
|6.||Dr.M.G.R Educational and Research Institute, Chennai||Tamil Nadu||71,250 INR||Minimum 50% marks at 10+2 with Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science as compulsory subjects along with one of Chemistry / Biotechnology / Biology from any recognized board||Selection of candidates is based on marks obtained at qualifying examination, as well as the entrance examination conducted by the university|
|7.||Sathyabama University, Chennai||Tamil Nadu||2,40,000 INR||Candidates should have passed HSC (10+2) from any state board / CBSE / ICSE with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biology||Admission is on the basis of marks scored by the candidates in the Common Entrance Examination|
|8.||Netaji Subhash Engineering College (NSEC), Kolkata||West Bengal||97,500 INR||Candidates must have passed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as compulsory subjects along with Biotechnology/ Computer Science/ Biology from a recognized board||Admission is made through counseling based on rank obtained in JEE Main or West Bengal Joint Entrance Examinations (WBJEE)|
|9.||Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science (HITS), Chennai||Tamil Nadu||156,625 INR||Candidates must have passed 10+2 or equivalent examination with a minimum average of 60% marks in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry||Admission will be based on the marks obtained in the university entrance exam (HITSEEE) – a national level online examination conducted in the month of April|
|10.||Watumull Institute of Electronics Engineering and Computer Technology, Mumbai||Maharashtra||28,500 INR||Class XII with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics or equivalent with at least 50% marks; Biology subject is one of the compulsory subjects||Admission is based on Maharashtra Common Entrance Test (MH-CET) conducted in May or JEE ranking|
Eligibility Criteria for B.Tech Biomedical Instrumentation
Candidates are required to pass 10+2 with Mathematics, Physics as mandatory subjects and Chemistry or any other optional subjects (Biology, Biotechnology, Computer Science) with minimum of 50% marks (vary as per the institute) in aggregate from any recognized Board or Council to secure admission in B.Tech Biomedical Instrumentation. Some colleges demand Biology as one of the compulsory subjects in the qualifying examination. A relaxation of 5% marks is applicable for those belonging to reserve category (SC/ST/OBC).
Admission Process for B.Tech Biomedical Instrumentation
Admission to B.Tech in Biomedical Instrumentation is through entrance examinations (state level or national level) conducted either by the university or national level entrance examinations such as AIEEE or JEE. Some colleges also provide the option for direct admission via Board Merit list considering the marks obtained in senior secondary level. Students must go through the counselling sessions, once they successfully clear the entrance examination. Below are some of the entrance examinations conducted for B.Tech in Biomedical Instrumentation:
|B.Tech Colleges in MAHARASHTRA||B.Tech Colleges in GUJARAT||B.Tech Colleges in KERALA||B.Tech Colleges in MADHYA PRADESH|
- Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main or AIEEE – JEE is a two-tier examination: Main & Advanced. Students can get admission in most of the engineering institutes through JEE Main exam while IITs only consider the ranking based on JEE Advanced exam. Online application process begins around December first week and last date of online submission of applications is by January second or third week.
- SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Exam (SRMJEEE) – SRMJEE is a national level online examination conducted each year in the month of April by SRM University, Chennai for the candidates willing to enroll themselves in undergraduate courses. Applications forms are available in November and last date to submit the online application is in last week of March. The university offers direct admission to top rank holders in central and state board examination and/or top 1000 IIT JEE rank holders.
- UPTU 2020 (AKTU or UPSEE) – UP State Entrance Examination (UPTU), also referred to as UPSEE or AKTU is a state level entrance examination conducted by the Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University (AKTU) formerly known as Uttar Pradesh Technical University (UPTU). The exam is conducted in the month of April for admission into the undergraduate technical courses such as B.Tech, B.Arch, B.Pharm, MBA, MCA to name a few. Students can get admissions in all the technical institutions affiliated to AKTU, UP. Application forms are available in January and last date to submit the online forms including the payment is in March.
Career Prospects for B.Tech Biomedical Instrumentation graduates
Biomedical Instrumentation is one of the emerging fields of engineering which provides exciting career options. Biomedical Instrumentation engineers can seek employment in several verticals such as biomedical instruments design & manufacturing companies, biomedical research organizations, hospitals, laboratory testing services, quality assurance services, medical institutions and pharmaceutical organizations. On an average, the annual package offered to candidates in biomedical industry lies within the range of 3 – 6 Lakhs per annum. Additionally, there are ample opportunities for Biomedical Instrumentation Engineers in the field of research and development at government agencies, companies, universities, etc. Companies such as Wipro Medical, Siemens, L&T, BPL, recruit Biomedical Engineers into their R&D department. Professionals with M.Tech and Ph.D. degrees can take up teaching jobs in colleges and universities. Graduates may also find jobs in pathological labs, diagnostic centres, clinics and rehabilitation clinics. Scope for this field is excellent abroad in countries including USA, UK, Germany, Singapore, Canada, to name a few with lucrative offers. Pay packages are impressive for biomedical engineers in these countries because of tremendous achievements and breakthroughs in healthcare and medicine.
Graduates of bachelor's degree program can be employment as:
- Research Scientist
- Biomedical Engineer
- Equipment Design Engineer
- Lab Technician/Administrator
- Clinical Engineers
- Biomaterials Engineers
- Patent Analyst
- Business Managers
- Research Scientists
- Technical Writers
- Biomechanics Engineers
- Bioinstrumentation Engineer
Some of the job titles and profiles along with the remuneration offered in the field of Biomedical Instrumentation are given :
|Biomedical Engineer||Develops modified devices and provide advice for handling and maintaining medical equipment||INR 3-6 Lakhs|
|Bioinstrumentation Engineer||Researches and develops bioanalytical instruments/methods employing lasers and spectrometers. Gathers engineers that design, fabricate, test, and manufacture advanced medical instruments and implantable medical devices into a single, more productive unit||INR 500,000|
|Biomedical Clinical Engineer||Works with various medical professionals and scientists to develop new innovations in healthcare, such as diagnostic equipment and drug therapies. Oversees biomedical equipment technicians and other maintenance staff who are responsible for ensuring equipment works safely and effectively||INR 300,000 - 959,550|
|Patent Analyst||Responsibility is to understand any invention, break these inventions into essential & desirable characteristics, formulate a search strategy to capture patents/non-patents. Summarises the content of a patent to produce a clear and concise abstract, identifying key areas of interest, such as what is new and the use and advantages of the invention||INR 500,000|
|Biomedical Instrumentation Students in research activities and teaching jobs||Deals with research and development areas of the Biomedical Instrumentation to develop new methods for healthcare and medicine. Teaching involves imparting knowledge of the subject matter to students in universities||INR 480,000|
Course Structure of B.Tech Biomedical Instrumentation
The curriculum for B.Tech Biomedical Instrumentation comprises courses in engineering processes (Solid and Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer and Electromagnetic and Control Theory), medical sciences (Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry), electronics and instrumentation, clinical sciences and biomedical engineering (bioelectricity, biomechanics, medical instrumentation and medical signal and image processing).
|Semester I and II include common Engineering subjects||
|Semester III onwards, subjects focus on Biology along with Engineering concepts||
Books for B.Tech Biomedical Instrumentation
- Principles of Medical Electronics and Biomedical Instrumentation By C Raja Rao & S K Guha
- Introduction to Solid State Physics By Charles Kittel
- Lasers and their applications By Alberto Sona
- Physics for Technologists By Thiruvadigal J. D, Ponnusamy S, Sudha D and Krishnamohan M
- Advanced Engineering Mathematics By Erwin Kreyszig, John Wiley and Sons
- Biomedical Instrumentation By R. S Khandpur and Raghbir Khandpur
- Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation By R. S Khandpur