BTech (Bachelor of Technology) Biotechnology Subjects, Syllabus and Books (H1)

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Sakshi Gupta

Content Curator | Updated on - Sep 22, 2021

What is the BTech Biotechnology Syllabus?

In the first year of BTech Biotechnology syllabus, students have to study a set of fundamental courses which involve core knowledge about the field of engineering. After the first year, electives are gradually introduced in the 5th semester of the curriculum which are directed towards specific knowledge related to the field of Biotechnology.

In terms of practical work, every BTech Biotechnology student must go for a 2 months training period at the end of second year and a 6 months major project in the last semester in most of the BTech Biotechnology colleges in India.

The assessment of the course also depends upon the performance in an industrial training of minimum 2 weeks during the summer break between 4th and 5th semester. The training includes a particular set of marking criteria which are accordingly graded to students.

The final assessment depends upon performance in theory examinations, internals  practical and project work assigned to them either in groups or individually.The weightage of internal and external marks are 75 and 25 marks respectively.

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What are the BTech Biotechnology Subjects?

The syllabus may vary for universities but the focus of education generally remains the same. Some of the topics and courses of BTech Biotechnology syllabus which form an important part of the curriculum are:  

Subjects Objective Topics
Inorganic chemistry This course introduces the concepts of inorganic chemistry. Chemical bonding, Acids and base, Catalysis, Polymers,Colloids, etc
Foundation course in physics This course is designed to provide fundamental knowledge of theories and concepts in physics. Interference by division of wave front, Diffraction, Polarization,Introduction to lasers, Fiber optical, etc
Life sciences This course focuses on the discipline of Life Sciences and concepts related to it. Origin of life, Histology, Nutrition, Energy utilization, etc
Essential in mathematics Mathematics is an essential part of the core curriculum for engineering courses. Algebra of matrices, Quadratic forms, Mean value theorems,Partial derivatives, etc
Concepts in biotechnology This course introduces the discipline of biotechnology and explains some of the basic concepts of biotechnology. Introduction to biotechnology, Protein structure and engineering, Plant cell culture, etc
Introduction to computers In this course students learn the basics of computer and programming languages. Introduction, Data storage, Programming using C, etc
Foundation course in organic chemistry Organic Chemistry is an important subject in Biotechnology. This course explains the basic ideas in organic chemistry. Electronic displacements,Reactive intermediaries,Stereochemistry, etc
Life sciences This course intends to study Life Science in a broader horizon. Coordination and control, Homeostasis, Asexual reproduction, etc
Electric sciences This paper focuses on the basic concepts of electronics and electrical science. Properties of conductor and insulators, Alternating currents,Measuring instruments,Transformers, etc
Microbiology Microbiology is another important paper for Biotechnology. It introduces topics and concepts of microbiology. Microbes in human life, Functional anatomy,Microbial growth, etc
Bioenergetics This course focuses on the study of energy flow through living systems. Biochemical evolution, Carbohydrates, Nucleic acids, Lipids, etc
Cell biology This course intends to study the structure and function of living cells. Cell, Nucleus, Cell signaling, Cell cycle and division, etc
Chemical engineering This course focuses on the basic concepts of chemical engineering. Chemical equations,Hearts of solution, Flow of incompressible fluids, etc
Molecular biology This paper aims to study biological activity at molecular level. Structure and properties of nucleic acids, DNA replication, Gene mutation, etc
Enzyme technology Enzyme technology is a sub field of biotechnology. This course introduces the concepts and theories of this field. Introduction to enzyme, Specificity of enzymes, Immobilization of enzyme, etc
Plant tissue culture This course studies techniques used to maintain or grow plant cells, tissues or organs artificially in a lab. Cellular totipotency, Cell and suspension culture, Protoplast culture, Haploid culture, etc
Animal biotechnology It is the study of science and engineering to modify living beings. Introduction to animal tissue culture, Design, layout and equipment, Primary culture, etc
Developmental biology This course focuses on the study of the process by which animals and plants grow and develop. History and basic concepts, Germ cell, morphogenesis, etc

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What are the Electives offered in BTech Biotechnology? 

Following are some of the options of electives to choose while pursuing BTech Biotechnology:

  • Medical Biotechnology 
  • Plant Biotechnology 
  •  Food Biotechnology 
  • Environmental Engineering 
  • Enzyme Technology 
  • Biophysical Engineering
  • Fermentation Technology 
  • Bioinformatics 

All the 3 electives during the course duration are to be selected from the above mentioned list.

What are the Practical Topics in BTech Biotechnology Syllabus?

What are the Practical Topics in BTech Biotechnology Syllabus?

Apart from the industrial trainings and projects that students pursuing the course go through as practical work, there are various laboratory sections like Physics Laboratory, Chemistry Laboratory,Engineering Drawing, Biochemistry Laboratory, Cell Biology, Microbiology, Immunology Laboratory,Gene Manipulation laboratory and many more include in the course curriculum.

The topics covered in such laboratory works are mentioned below:

  • To test salivary amylase activity
  • Estimation of amino acid by ninhydrin method
  • Estimation of blood glucose by Folin- wu method
  • Separation of amino acids & sugars using paper & thin layer chromatography
  • Techniques used in Enzyme immobilization
  • Isolation of cellulose/protease/lipase producing bacteria and fungi from soil
  • Preservation of the microbial culture
  • Quantification of the enzyme activity
  • To study Quantitative precipitation assay
  • To perform Latex Agglutination test
  • Demonstration of inducible expression of genes in bacteria
  • Microscopic study of shape and size of bacterial, fungal and plant cells
  • Isolation and quantification of total proteins of the cells
  • Qualitative and quantitative analysis of DNA by spectrophotometry

BTech Biotechnology is a broad field and the above mentioned practical topics are just some of the common ones to give an idea of the kind of things one gets to learn during the course. Different universities may keep different practical topics of BTech Biotechnology.

BTech  Biotechnology Books 

Tabulated below are some of the highly followed BTech  Biotechnology Books.

Book Title Author Name
Principles of Biochemistry Nelson, DL and Cox MM., Lehninger
The Chemical reactions of Living Cells  David E Metzler
Molecular Cell Biology H Lodish et al
Genetics  MW Stickberger 
Developmental Biology Gilbert
Analysis of Biological Development Kalthoff
Chemical Process Principles Hougen, O.A., Watson, K.M. and Ragatz, R.A
Essentials of Food Science  Vaclavik, Vickie, Christian, Elizabeth W
The Elements of Immunology Khan F.H
Comprehensive Biotechnology: The Practice of Biotechnology: Current Commodity Products H.W. Blanch, S. Drew, D.I.C.Wang and M. Moo-Young

Read More: BTech Biotechnology Jobs and Scope

BTech  Biotechnology : FAQs

BTech  Biotechnology : FAQs

Ques. Which are the compulsory subjects in the first year of BTech Biotechnology syllabus?

Ans.  The subjects that are compulsory in the first of engineering irrespective of any specializations are Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Communication Skills, Environmental Science,  Engineering mechanics, Basic Electrical Engineering, Engineering Graphics, etc

Ques. Which are the other major BTech Biotechnology subjects?

Ans. Microbiology, Bioenergetics, Cell biology, Chemical engineering, Molecular biology, Enzyme technology, Plant tissue culture, Animal biotechnology, Developmental biology, etc are some of the other major BTech Biotechnology subjects.

Ques. Is it compulsory to choose electives in  BTech Biotechnology?

Ans. Yes, it is compulsory to choose electives in the 5th semester of BTech Biotechnology

Ques. What are some of the top BTech Biotechnology electives?

Ans.  Medical Biotechnology, Plant Biotechnology, Food Biotechnology, Enzyme Technology, Fermentation Technology,Bioinformatics, etc are some of the top BTech Biotechnology electives.

Ques. What are the methods of course delivery in BTech Biotechnology?

Ans. Theory examinations, internals  practical and project work assigned to them either in groups or individually are some of the ways through which the course is delivered to the students in BTech Biotechnology.

Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] (Biotechnology) : 30 answered questions

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Ques. How is biotechnology at Heritage Institute of Technology, Kolkata?

● Top Answer By Sakshi Gupta on 22 Sept 21

Ans. Biotechnology is one of the oldest branches in Heritage Institute of Technology, Kolkata. The professors are really good and highly qualified and they will help you in conducting your research programs with great guidance from them. Many of the faculty at the department have good names in their area of specialization and if you can get guidance from them they will help you in getting good projects and recommendations from them. While doing PhDs or master’s from any university will help you a lot. In the recent placement drive, the average and highest CTC offered at Heritage was 4 LPA and 16 LPA. If you are self-motivated and want to study then this is a very good course. Life after this course will be really great if you are passionate about this degree.Read more
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Ques. How is haldia institute of technology for biotechnology?

● Top Answer By Aaditya Hari Nair on 21 Sept 21

Ans. For the purpose of academia, the Haldia Institute of Technology is extremely good for the department of Biotechnology. My friend is currently enrolled in one of the courses of Biotechnology at Haldia.  The lecturers and other members of the faculty of the department are experienced, skilled and helpful. They also offer a variety of hands-on practical experiences to help comprehend the subject in a better manner.  If you are serious about studying Biotechnology, the Haldia Institute can prove to be one of the greatest institutes to get enrolled in. It is obvious that your primary goal after successfully completing your B.Tech in Biotechnology would be to find work and get employed.  In general, you would have limited options and opportunities in the core industry of Biotech on this front. Around 1-2 companies like ITC and Parle from the core sector visit the campus of HIT for recruitment of suitable candidates for various job roles.  Many students have also been able to intern at some reputed companies from the sector before the completion of their course.  Categories Biotechnology at Haldia Institute of Technology Course Fee 3.95 lakh Highest CTC 8-9 LPA Average CTC 5 LPA Recruiting Companies ITC, Nestle, GlaxoSmithKline, Cipla, etc. In the end, all of this would depend upon you. If you study well and maintain a decent academic record throughout your course, then surely you would get a job via on-campus recruitment drives of the institute. Additionally, you can also apply to some core companies through off-campus recruitment drives.Read more
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Ques. How is biotechnology department of Heritage Institution of Technology in terms of facilities quality management and placements compared to the other branches like CSE and ECE?

● Top Answer By Aaditya Hari Nair on 17 Sept 21

Ans. The faculty and the labs are excellent at Biotechnology Department. Placements are also good. You will find many students in this department who are really very serious and good in studies ie. better than many students of ECE and CSE.  Most probably the all-department topper in our first semester was from the Biotech department. You may take it if you are interested in this subject.  Parameters Heritage Institute of Technology, Kolkata Tuition Fees 4.04 lakhs Placement Percentage 70-80 % Highest Package 12 LPA Average Package 5-6 LPA In Heritage, placement means getting placed in the IT sector doesn't matter of any branch. Other branches can't be compared with others, as every branch has its own requirements.Read more
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Ques. Is Vignan University, Guntur a good college for a B.Tech in bioinformatics or a B.Tech in biotech? How good are the placements and scope for higher studies abroad?

● Top Answer By Aaditya Hari Nair on 09 Sept 21

Ans. All the private universities in India, except maybe 2–3, are trying their level best to establish themselves and Vignan is no exception. If you are considering joining the university then you should know the following.  Fees are high so plan well before joining. For a 4-year long B.Tech, the total course fee is around 9 lakhs.  Second, the syllabus keeps getting updated each year. This makes covering the syllabus, a bit tricky.  The same faculty will set the question paper so I think getting through with good grades won't be an issue. Finally, you should join biotech only if you wish to study MS abroad. Otherwise, don’t join the institute. Read more
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Ques. Will it be wise to join a B.Tech program in biotechnology at Karunya University?

● Top Answer By Aaditya Hari Nair on 08 Sept 21

Ans. As one of my friends studied B.Tech in Computer Science and Engineering from Karunya University, I might not be able to tell you much about biotechnology, but can provide a general overview of the institute. The university is located in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, and is surrounded by a lush green environment.  The university gives an option of Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) which is a very good system to bring out individual talents.  Also, you will get lots of free time which you can use for pursuing your interests and hobbies.  The infrastructure is also quite good and there are a few good professors who are highly experienced. Placements are also good. CSE students received good job roles. But the Biotechnology placements may differ.  If you choose to become a residential student, you will get even more time.  Categories B.Tech in Biotechnology at Karunya University Course Fee 7.24 lakh Placement Percentage 60% Highest CTC 17 LPA Average CTC 4.3 LPA Median CTC 3.5 LPA If you have the determination and the motivation with a clear goal, then you can succeed at any university and not just at Karunya University.Read more
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