B.Tech in Earth Science Colleges, Syllabus, Scope and Salary

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Sakshi Gupta

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B.Tech in Earth Science is a 4-year long course, minimum qualification for which is a 10+2 qualification. Earth Sciences essentially consists of subjects such as geography, geology and oceanography, the study of earth, and its changing aspects. 

The average tuition fee charged in India for the course ranges between INR 1 and 10 Lacs. Admission to the course is based on the candidate’s performance in a relevant entrance exam such as UPSEAT, Amity JEE entrance exam etc.

Successful graduates of the course are placed in capacities such as Volcanologists, Petroleum Geologists, Environmental Geologists, Earth Science Teachers, Glacial or Quaternary Geologists, Structural Geologists and Hydrogeologists etc., and in industries such as mining, oil and gas, minerals and water resources. They can also find lucrative career opportunities in colleges and universities as teachers.

The average initial salary offered in India to such graduates varies between INR 1.5 and 3.5 Lacs per year.

Organizations such as Geological Survey of India (GSI), Central Ground Water Board (CGWB), Oil and Natural Gas Commission (ONGC), Hindustan Zinc Ltd, Minerals and Metals Trading Corporation (MMTC), Coal India and Mineral Exploration Ltd. are among the many that hire such professionals.

B.Tech In Earth Science: Course Highlights

Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course.

Course Level Graduate
Duration 3 years
Examination Type Semester System
Eligibility (10+2) qualification with science subjects (Biology, Math and Chemistry)
Admission Process Based on performance in entrance exams like UPSEAT, Amity JEE entrance exam etc.
Average Course Fee INR 1 Lakh to 10 Lacs
Average Starting Salary INR 1.5 to 3.5 Lacs
Top Recruiting Companies Geological Survey of India (GSI), Central Ground Water Board (CGWB), Oil and Natural Gas Commission (ONGC), Hindustan Zinc Ltd, Minerals and Metals Trading Corporation (MMTC), Coal India and Mineral Exploration Ltd.
Job Positions Volcanologists, Petroleum Geologists, Environmental Geologists, Earth Science Teachers, Glacial or Quaternary Geologists, Structural Geologists and Hydrogeologists

B.Tech in Earth Science: What is it About?

As a branch of science, Geology is essentially the study and exploration of the earth and its natural components. It also involves the study of related areas like environment, history of earth, minerals etc. The discipline has been expanding with new specialized areas coming up, such as structural geology, planetology, geomorphology, mineralogy, geological engineering etc. A geologist specializes in the study of earth and its composition.

Top Institutes Offering B.Tech in Earth Science

Listed below are some of the top institutes offering the course in the country with the corresponding locations and fees charged by each:

Name of Institute City  Average Fees
UPES Dehradun INR 8 Lakh (course)
Amity University Kolkata INR 7.2 Lakh (course)
ISM Dhanbad INR 7 Lakh (course)
Andhra University Vishakhapatnam INR 1.2 lakh (course)

Eligibility for B.Tech in Earth Science

For admission to the course, the candidate is needed to have passed the Higher Secondary School Certificate (10+2) examination from a recognized Board of education with Biology, Math and Chemistry as main subjects with a minimum aggregate score of 60%.

B.Tech in Earth Science: Admission Process

Admission to the course is based either on the candidate’s performance in the entrance exam or score at the 10+2 level. JEE Main, UPESEAT, Amity JEE rare some of the entrance exams held in the country for admission to the course.

B.Tech in Earth Science: Career Prospects

Geo Professionals are involved in exploration, surveys and production, both indoors (laboratories and offices) and outdoors (on land or at sea), often in particularly demanding conditions and in remote locations.

Mining geologists often work underground in damp conditions, often needing to wear protective clothing and safety equipment. Many geologists spend time away from home, ranging from a few days to several months. Work and travel abroad is a feature of some jobs.

Salaries of Geo professionals vary depending upon their individual qualifications, experience, and scale of the hiring organization. Geo Professionals find employment in research institutes, private research centers and oil companies et.

Some of the popular professional avenues open to such graduates are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.

Annual salary in Earth Science
Job Position Job Description Average Annual Pay Scale in INR
Geo Science Engineer Geoscientists often supervise the work of technicians and coordinate work with other scientists, both on the field and in the lab. Many geoscientists are involved in the search for and development of natural resources, such as petroleum. Others work in environmental protection and preservation, and are involved in projects to clean up and reclaim land. Some specialize in a particular aspect of the earth, such as oceans. 4,93,325
Geo-scientist Geoscientists typically plan and conduct field studies, in which they visit locations to collect samples and conduct surveys. Geoscientists study the physical aspects of the earth, such as its composition, structure, and processes, to learn about its past, present, and future. 4,43,732
Seismic Data Collection Engineer Seismic Data Collection Engineers play an important role in the oil and gas industry. They work with surveys, sending pulses of sound energy down through layers of rocks beneath the earth's surface. 9,02,473 
Seismic Data Interpretation Engineer Seismic Interpreters use a variety of technical, computational and scientific modelling techniques to produce geophysical and geological data that can be used to analyze the hydrocarbon content of rock structures. 1,068,000 
Mineral Engineer Mining Engineers ensure that underground resources such as minerals, metals, oil and gas are extracted safely and efficiently. Typical job responsibilities include ensuring that operations comply with health and safety requirements and making sure that the equipment used is safe.  6,56,000
Survey Geologist Survey Geologists work for provincial or federal government geological surveys, build a framework of geological knowledge to encourage a better understanding of mineral and energy resources in the environment.  5,11,804
Conservation Hydrologist Conservation Hydrologists typically measure the properties of bodies of water, such as volume and stream flow, collect water and soil samples to test for certain properties, such as the pH or pollution levels, analyze data on the environmental impacts of pollution, erosion, drought, and other problems.  2,93,084 

B.Tech in Earth Science: Syllabus and Course Description

A semester- wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated below.

Semester I

Mathematics I
Physics I
Design Thinking
Environment Studies
Engineering Mechanics
Workshop Technology
Engineering Workshop Lab
Physics Lab I
Chemistry Lab

Semester II

Mathematics II
Physics II
English Communication
Engineering Graphics
Basic Electrical & Electronics
Computer Programming
Electrical & Electronics Lab
Physics II Lab
Computer Programming Lab

Semester III

Mathematics III
Introductory Geology
Drilling Hydraulics
Thermodynamics & Heat Engines
Ground Water Exploration
Open Elective I
Geology Lab II
Fluid Mechanics Lab 

Semester IV

Methods of Petroleum Exploration 
Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
Planning & Surveying
Exploration Geophysics
Economic Geology
Open Elective II
Surveying Lab
Geology Lab II
Geophysics Lab

Semester V

Drilling Engineering & Well Completion
Applied Numerical Methods
Rock Mechanics & Geo-Technical Engineering
Mineral Exploration and Mining Geology
GIS and Satellite Navigation Systems
Open Elective III
Program Elective I
Drilling Fluids & Cementation Lab
Minor project I
Program Elective I
Unconventional Energy Sources
Petroleum Geology 

Semester VI

Basin Analysis
Statistical Methods in Geosciences
Applied Micro Paleontology
Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering
Program Elective II
Minor Project II
Industrial Visit
Program Elective II
Analytical Methods in Geoscience
Production Logging
Applied Numerical Methods

Semester VII

Formation, Evaluation & well Logging
Program Elective III
Geophysical Data Acquisition: Processing & Interpretation
Program Elective IV
Major Project I
Comprehensive Viva II
Summer Internship
Program Elective III
Methods in Structural Geology
Oil and Gas Marketing and Resource Management
Program Elective IV
Principle of Petroleum Production Engineering
Principle of Reservoir Engineering
Engineering Materials

Semester VIII

Asset Management
Safety, Health & Environment Management
Program Elective V
Major Project II 
Program Elective V
Resource Economics and Risk Management in Exploration
Exploration Law & contract Administration


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