Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) Horticulture Syllabus, Course Details, and Scope

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Sakshi Gupta

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B.Tech. Horticulture is a 4- year undergraduate course in engineering. Horticulture is the branch of agriculture involving the art, science, technology, and business of growing plants. Minimum Eligibility is 10+2 or equivalent degree from a recognized board or institution.

Top Institutes offering this course are:

The main aim of the course is to produce a competent Technologists capable of identifying and optimizing technical solutions for propagation, production, and maintenance, or application of plants in horticultural and landscape settings.

The importance of horticulture lies in improving land productivity, employment- generation, enhancing exports, providing nutritional security to people and improving economic conditions of farmers and entrepreneurs. The average monthly salary offered to successful graduates lies between INR 7000 and INR 25, 000, increasing with experience and skills.

B.Tech. Horticulture: Course Highlights

Tabulated below are some of the major highlights of the course.

Course Level Undergraduate
Duration 4 years (5 years in case of dual degree)
Examination Type Semester System
Eligibility 10+2 or equivalent
Admission Process Counselling after taking entrance test or direct admission
Major Entrance Tests JEE Main, GATE, IIT-JEE etc.
Course Fee INR 67,000 to 1,05,000
Average Starting salary INR 84,000 to 3,00,000

B. Tech. Horticulture: What is it About?

Horticulture is a branch of Agriculture that deals with the cultivation of plants, vegetables, flowers, fruits, etc. B.Tech. Horticulture course helps candidates to gain knowledge about the technology used in the process of horticulture. 

The branch now has applications in food technology as well. It deals with production, harvesting and storing of vegetables. All these industries have now been mechanized in order to enhance the efficiency of process and production. 

Advances in Horticultural Technology, increasing product demand, and growth in the export industry make this an extremely lucrative career in industries such as research and journalism, public and private sectors, among others, both within and outside the country.

There is a wide range of career opportunities open to successful graduates of the course, such as Horticulturist, Floriculturist, Pomologist, Scientist involved in research studies.

B. Tech. Horticulture: Top Institutes 

Listed below are some of the top institutes offering the course in India. Also mentioned are the corresponding locations and the average fees charged by each.

Fergusson college Pune INR 10,000
Annamalai University Chennai INR 10,400
Indira Gandhi national open university New Delhi INR 1,58,833
Sir Choturam Institute of Engineering and Technology Meerut INR 72,800
Agricultural college and research institute Madurai INR 33,400
College of horticulture, Kerela Agricultural University Kerela INR 18,000
BAR Janta college Haryana INR 12,528
Khalsa college Punjab INR 29, 180

B. Tech. Horticulture: Eligibility 

Upon successful completion of 10+2 from a recognized educational Board with a minimum aggregate score of 80%, with Physics, Chemistry and Maths/ Biology/ Agriculture as the main subjects, one is eligible to apply for enrolment to the course.

Most Indian institutes teach horticulture as a subset of agriculture, while others offer a separate degree in horticulture. Successful graduates of the course interested in higher studies in the discipline may go for pursuing Ph.D. in the discipline.

B.Tech. Horticulture: Admission Process

Admission to the course is based on university- level counseling which is based on the score obtained in the UPES Engineering Aptitude Test (UPESEAT).
The remaining 20% seats are decided on the basis of the score obtained in 10+2 or rank obtained in JEE-Main.

On the Basis of Board Merit: Minimum 80% aggregate marks at Higher & Senior Secondary level (classes X & XII), and minimum 80% marks in aggregate in Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics at Senior Secondary level (class XII).

On the Basis of JEE Mains Merit: Minimum 60% marks in aggregate at Higher & Senior Secondary levels (classes X and XII) and minimum 60% marks in aggregate in Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics at Senior Secondary level (class XII).

B.Tech. Horticulture: Syllabus and Course Description

Semester- wise, students of the course in India study the following as part of their course curriculum:

Semester I

Semester II

Primer on Horticulture

Commercial tropical fruit culture

Nursery Technology of Horticultural Crops

Commercial tropical vegetable culture

Principles of Analytical Chemistry

Commercial Floriculture

Applied Mathematics

Crop Physiology

Fundamentals of Information Technology

Agricultural Microbiology

Fundamentals of Agricultural Meteorology

Principles of Agricultural Economics

English for Effective Communication

Principles of Genetics and methods of plant breeding in horticultural crops

Physical Education




Semester III

Semester IV

Commercial temperate vegetable culture

Commercial Sub Tropical and Temperate Fruit Culture

Commercial Production of Spices and Plantation Crops

Fundamentals of Soil Science

Fundamentals of Entomology

Industrial visit I (Fruit, Vegetable and Floriculture Industry)

Principles of Plant pathology

Principles of Biotechnology

Principles of Seed Production and Quality control in Horticultural crops

Seed production technology of horticultural crops

Livestock and Poultry Production Management

Fundamentals of Agribusiness Management

Farm Power and Machinery

Applied Statistics

Fundamentals of Soil and Water Conservation Engineering

Surveying and Engineering drawing

Forest Resource Management

Renewable Energy

Applied Microbiology

Weed and Water Management in Horticultural crops

Semester V Semester VI

Ornamental Gardening and Landscaping

Establishment and management of Horticultural Estates

Protected and Precision Horticulture

Interior scaping and therapeutic Horticulture

Hi Tech Crop Production

Post-Harvest Technology of Fruits, Vegetables and Spices

Industrial visit II

Experiential learning

Commercial Production of Medicinal and Aromatic crops

Fundamentals and applications of Nanotechnology

Applied Plant Biotechnology

Soft skills for career development

Waste Management in Horticulture Industry

Agricultural Marketing, Trade and Prices

Pest Management in Horticulture Production Systems

Nematode Management in Horticultural crops

Production Economics and Farm Management

Greenhouse construction and maintenance

Principles of processing and value addition of horticultural produces


Semester VII

Semester VIII

Horticultural Industrial Work Experience

Post- harvest technology of flowers, plantation, medicinal and aromatic crops

Project Work

Experiential learning

Industry and Institutional Educational Tour

Diseases of horticultural crops and their management

B.Tech. Horticulture: Career Prospects

Scope for lucrative careers in horticulture is increasing every day in the current context. Floriculture is a part of horticulture and is essentially about the processes of cultivation of flowering plants which are used as raw materials in making perfumes and cosmetics in the pharmaceutical industry. Growing vegetables is one of the primary components of horticulture.

There is a wide range of career opportunities open to successful graduates of the course, such as Horticulturist, Floriculturist, Pomologist, Scientist involved in research studies. Among the major industries hiring such graduates are productions & sales, public gardens, marketing, research & development, landscape design, agricultural engineering, pest management, etc. As a Horticulturist, one can be a full-time or part-time, may or may not own a piece of land.

Some of the popular industries that hire successful graduates of the course are listed here:

  • Nursery management of Horticultural Crops
  • Seed Production, storage, and certification
  • Hi-Tech horticultural crop production
  • Greenhouse design and management
  • Plant clinics and horti- inputs marketing and management
  • Horticultural Project Management
  • Management Consultancies in Horticulture
  • Horticulture Estate Management
  • Floriculture and Landscape Architecture/ Design
  • Post-harvest Management.

Listed here are the various job positions on offer for successful graduates of B. Tech in Horticulture. Also mentioned are the corresponding job descriptions and salaries offered for each role.

B.Tech in Horticulture

Job Position Job Description Average Pay scale
Floriculturist Floriculturists are responsible for planning and designing exterior/interior landscapes for parks, recreational areas, campuses, industrial sites, institutional grounds, shopping malls, and other large projects. Generally, florists have a sound knowledge of growing cut flowers, bedding plants, and potted plants right from production to post-harvest management.  INR 1,20,000 P.A.
Olericulturist Olericulturist performs the activities of vegetable growing. Vegetable-growing is an important branch of horticulture. It has an immense scope in an agricultural country like India. Olericulturist may start their career in the industry, research institutes, universities and other organizations at various levels. This personnel is required currently in the private sector as vegetable growers with good prospects in the seed industry. INR 2,00,000 P.A.
Pomologist Generally, Pomologists are well acquainted with breeding technology, tissue culture techniques, integrated nutrient management (INM), integrated pest management techniques (IPM) and protected cultivation techniques of fruits. They are well versed in the transfer of qualitative and quantitative traits such as flavor, and disease-resistance. Pomologists have prospects in the industry, ICAR, State agricultural universities, among others. INR3,20,000 P.A.
Agronomist Agronomists, sometimes known as Crop Scientists, are responsible for specializing in producing and improving food crops through conducting experiments and developing methods of production. INR 1,04,800 P.A.
Technical Advisers Technical Advisors are experts in a particular field of specialization, hired to provide detailed information and advice to people working in that field. INR 10,00,058 P.A.
Therapists Therapists work directly with clients and other mental health professionals in treating disorders of the mind. Their career involves listening, counseling, tracking progress, and developing treatment plans for their patients. INR 73,225 P.A.


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