B.Tech in Medical Electronics is a specialized discipline which integrates engineering with biomedical sciences and clinical practice.It is a 4- year long undergraduate course divided into 8 semesters, with each semester lasting for a period of 6 months. In each semester, students are taught theoretical subjects and exposed to practical lab sessions.
Top Institutes offering this course are:
- Visvesvaraya Technological University
- The Neotia College, Kolkata
- Chandigarh University
- BITS, Hyderabad
- Dr. Ambedkar Institute
The average tuition fee charged in India for the course ranges between INR 3 to 7 Lacs depending on the college offering it.
There are numerous career opportunities on offer for biomedical engineers, such as Clinical Engineer, Biomaterials Engineer, Biomechanics Engineer, Bioinstrumentation Engineer and Researcher in the field of research and development at research institutes, government agencies, universities both in India and abroad. Biomedical Engineers are employed in established Indian companies such as Larsen & Toubro, BPL, Wipro Medical and Siemens in departments like R&D, sales or marketing, depending on their skills and preferences. Professionals in this field can also opt for teaching jobs in universities and colleges.
Top Colleges for Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] (Medical Electronics)
B.Tech. in Medical Electronics: Course Highlights
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Eligibility||10+2 with science subjects|
|Admission Process||Based on counseling after clearing Entrance Tests (JEE Main, AIEEE, UPSEE) or Direct Admission for few.|
|Course Fee||INR 2 Lacs p.a.|
|Average Starting salary||INR 2 to 5 Lacs|
|Top recruiting companies||Larsen & Toubro, BPL, Wipro Medical and Siemens|
|Job Roles||Clinical Engineer, Biomaterials Engineer, Biomechanics Engineer, Bioinstrumentation Engineer and Researcher|
B.Tech in Medical Electronics: What is it About?
B.Tech. in Medical Electronics is the field of engineering that integrates medical science with engineering practices to contribute towards improvement in diagnostic techniques and for delivery of efficient healthcare services. This field applies knowledge of engineering, especially electronics, for devising innovative techniques for treatment of diseases and ailments with modern medical equipment. With advancements in the field, a variety of sophisticated electronic equipment has been introduced in recent years which have revolutionized the field of healthcare and have been instrumental in inventing cures for a range of ailments.
A Medical Electronics engineer designs and produces electronic equipment responsible for maintenance and servicing, imaging devices such as MRI scanners, patient monitors and defibrillators etc.
Medical Electronics engineers develop innovations that perform automating insulin injections or control other body functions. This field seeks to bridge the gap between engineering and medicine. The discipline is a combination of design and problem- solving skills of engineering with medical and biological sciences in order to develop healthcare procedures such as diagnosis, monitoring, treatment, and therapy.
Ever- increasing demand for improved medical devices and systems constantly promotes research in fields like Biomechanics, Medical Imaging, Bio-Signal Processing, and Bio-sensors. Career options for Medical Electronics engineers include working in research labs, hospitals for medical equipment maintenance and developing medical software.
B.Tech in Medical Electronics: Top Institutes
Some of the leading institutes of the country offering the course are listed here along with their corresponding locations and the average annual fees charged by each.
|Name of Institute||City||Average Annual Fees|
|M S Ramaiah Institute of Technology||Karnataka||INR 6 Lakh|
|Gurukul Institute of Engineering & Technology||Rajasthan||INR 2.8 Lakh|
|Visvesvaraya Technological University||Karnataka||INR 6 Lakh|
|MGR Educational and Research Institute||Tamil Nadu||INR 1 Lakh|
|Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering||Bangalore||INR 6 Lakh|
|Dr. Ambedkar Institute||Bangalore||INR 2.8 Lakh|
Eligibility for B.Tech in Medical Electronics
Candidates wishing to pursue the course are required to satisfy some minimum criteria of eligibility which are all listed here.
- Citizenship: Indian nationals.
- Higher Secondary School Certificate (10+2) qualification from a recognized educational Board with Biology, Maths and Chemistry as main subjects.
B.Tech in Medical Electronics: Admission Process
Admission to the course is based on the rank obtained in the UPESEAT, JEE Main etc. and performance in personal interview. For IITs, it is mandatory to qualify the Joint Entrance Examinations (J.E.E) for admission.
Even though every institute follows a unique selection process, most of them accept the scores obtained in the relevant entrance tests. Colleges generally admit students based on performance in the entrance exams and in personal interviews.
For candidates belonging to Foreign/NRI category, admissions are based on the score obtained in the qualifying examination.
Candidates may choose to apply under any of General and Foreign/NRI categories. Change of category from Foreign/NRI to General after admission is not entertained.
B.Tech in Medical Electronics: Who Should Opt?
The course is ideally suited for candidates with critical thinking abilities, problem- solving skills, time management skills, physical stamina and manual dexterity. Knowledge of complex machine parts and tools including digital multimeters, calibration devices, and voltage meters is an add-on.
B.Tech in Medical Electronics: Syllabus and Course Description
The course’s objective is to build progressive learning, and accomplish applied & translational research through inventive collaborations for devising sustainable solutions to address healthcare- related societal challenges.
Some of the core subjects taught in the program are listed here:
- Biomedical Instrumentation
- Bio- signal Processes
- Medical Imaging
- Anatomy and Physiology
A semester- wise breakup of the course’s syllabus spread over 4 years and 8 semesters is given in the table below.
|Semester I||Semester II||Semester III||Semester IV|
|Technical English – I||Technical English – II||Transforms and Partial Differential Equations||Microprocessor and Microcontroller|
|Mathematics – I||Mathematics – II||Human Physiology||Linear Integrated Circuits|
|Engineering Physics – I||Engineering Physics – II||Measurement and Instrumentation||Object Oriented Programming and Data|
|Engineering Chemistry – I||Engineering Chemistry – II||Signals and Systems||Structures|
|Computer Programming||Electronic Devices and Circuits||Digital Electronics and System Design||Biomedical Instrumentation|
|Engineering Graphics||Circuit Theory||Electronic Circuits||Control System Engineering|
|Computer Practices Laboratory||Physics and Chemistry Laboratory – II||Instrumentation Laboratory||Microprocessor and Microcontroller Laboratory|
|Engineering Practices Laboratory||Circuits and Devices Laboratory||Analog and Digital Circuits Laboratory||Linear Integrated Circuits Laboratory|
|Physics and Chemistry Laboratory – I||-||-||OOPS and Data Structures Laboratory|
|Semester V||Semester VI||Semester VII||Semester VIII|
|Hospital Management||Digital Image Processing||Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence||Embedded and Real-Time Systems|
|Principles of Digital Signal Processing||Prosthetic Equipments||Physiological Modeling||Elective V|
|Biomechanics||Therapeutic Equipments||Medical Expert Systems||Elective VI|
|Internet and Java Programming||Neural Networks and Applications||Medical Imaging Techniques||Embedded and Real-Time Systems|
|Medical Informatics||Elective I||Elective III||Major Project|
|Bio Materials and Artificial Organs||Elective II||Elective IV||-|
|Communication and Soft Skills – Laboratory||Diagnostic and Therapeutic Equipment||Hospital Training||-|
|Based||Laboratory||Expert System Laboratory||-|
|Digital Signal Processing Laboratory||Digital Image Processing Laboratory||-||-|
|Bio Medical Instrumentation Laboratory||-||-||-|
B.Tech in Medical Electronics: Suggested Books and Reading Material
Listed here are some suggested reading material helpful in preparation for the course for aspiring candidates:
- Arthur.C.Guyton, ‘Medical Physiology’ Prism Book Pvt. Ltd.1996.
- Yu-Cheng Liu, Glenn A.Gibson, ‘Microcomputer Systems: The 8086 / 8088 Family - Architecture, Programming and Design’, Second Edition, Prentice Hall of India, 2007.
- Mohamed Ali Mazidi, Janice Gillispie Mazidi, Rolin McKinlay, ‘The 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems: Using Assembly and C’, Second Edition, Pearson education, 2011.
B.Tech in Medical Electronics: Career Prospects
With the way, the healthcare sector is growing and the prices of sophisticated electronic equipment are falling, the field promises rewarding career opportunities for skilled Medical Electronics engineers. Such graduates are offered lucrative career opportunities in designing, manufacturing, maintenance, and repair of medical equipment. Most engineers work in hospitals, medical institutions, medical equipment manufacturing companies, the pharmaceutical industry and other healthcare units. There are also plentiful opportunities for such graduates in the field of medical research and also in the teaching field.
Also, successful graduates of the course interested in pursuing higher studies in the discipline may go for M.E./ M. Tech in the subject.
Although Medical Electronics Engineering and Bio-Medical Engineering sound like similar disciplines, they are both entirely different streams of study and the job profiles of these engineers vary to a great extent.
Graduates of the course are also hired as Medical Electronics Technicians, also called Biomedical Equipment Technicians, with the responsibility of maintaining and repairing a variety of medical devices, such as defibrillators, imaging devices, and patient monitors. Some technicians specialize in radiology or other laboratory devices.
Some of the top recruiting industries for this specialization are listed here:
- Colleges and universities
- R&D Firms
- Medical Electronics and Instrumentation
- Medical Systems
Some of the top recruiters in the field are as follows:
- Fortis Hospital
- Apollo Hospitals
- Wipro Medical
- Larsen & Toubro Ltd.
- Sap Labs
- Transasia Biomedical
- Wipro Biomedical
- GE Biomedical
B.Tech in Medical Electronics: Employment Opportunities and Salaries Offered
|Job Profile||Job Description||Pay Scale|
|Clinical Engineers||Responsible for managing And organizing medical equipment, by administering the computer systems that process equipment data or overseeing service contracts.||Avg. 3.0 Lakh p.a.|
|Biomaterials Engineers||Responsible for all engineering functions involved in their product lines. This includes bringing a product from concept through design, prototyping, testing, verification and validation, manufacturing, FDA approval, product introduction and post- introduction monitoring.||Avg. 3.1 Lakh p.a.|
|Patent Analyst||Responsible for summarizing the content of a patent to produce a clear and concise abstract, identifying key areas of interest, such as new innovations and uses and advantages of the invention.||Avg. 4.0 Lakh p.a.|
|Business Managers||Responsible for performing day-to- day administrative tasks, keeping the medical practice running smoothly. Instead, they focus on the business aspects of operating a medical office, with duties that may include ordering supplies, hiring staff and budgeting.||Avg. 5.0 Lakh p.a.|
|Professors/Teachers||-||Avg. 3 Lakh p.a.|
|Research Scientists||Responsible for Designing and analyzing information from controlled laboratory-based investigations, experiments and trials.||Avg. 3.5 Lakh p.a.|
|Technical Writers||Also called Technical Communicators, responsible for preparing instruction manuals, journal articles, and other supporting documents to communicate complex and technical information more easily.||Avg. 2 Lakh p.a.|
|Biomechanics Engineers||Responsible for designing and evaluating devices and procedures, performing research, and evaluating treatment techniques.||Avg. 4 Lakh p.a.|
|Bioinstrumentation Engineer||Responsible for the research, design, development and installation of devices and systems used in manufacturing facilities and plants.||Avg. 5 Lakh p.a.|
Medical Electronics is one of the highly rewarding fields of engineering. A beginner working in hospitals and health care centres can earn an average initial salary around INR 10,000- 15,000 monthly. Graduates engaged in research activities and teaching line can earn between INR 15,000 - 20,000 per month on an average. Individuals working in government sector can earn an initial monthly income of INR 20,000 – 25,000. Medical Electronics Engineers working in medical equipment production firms can earn around INR 20,000 – 30,000 every month at the career’s beginning.