Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] (Metallurgical and Materials Engineering)

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Sakshi Gupta

Content Curator | Updated on - Sep 7, 2021

Course Structure

The course is designed such that the four academic years are divided into eight semesters. The first two years of study are same for all the students of engineering, while the core courses are introduced in the third semester and electives are offered in the fifth semester.

The elective courses help students choose their area of interest from various branches of study and along with this, the students are supposed to take up a project work during the last two semesters.


A brief overview of the topics studied under the course is as follows:

Name of the course

Topics covered


Physical Metallurgy and Materials Engineering

Structure of metals, Phase equilibria, thermodynamics of phase evolution, Construction of equilibrium diagrams, Study of Fe-Fe3C, Cu-Zn, Cu-Sn, Al-Cu and Al-Si ternary diagrams, Diffusion laws, Structure and properties of ceramics, Construction and Principles of Optical and transmission Electron Microscope.

Students by the end of this course will be able to identify the crystal structures of the metallic materials and also analyse various phase diagrams of alloys.

Mineral processing

Sampling of ores by different methods, Theories of comminution, Sizing, Movement of solids in Fluids, Quantifying concentrating operation, Classification: Principles, sizing and sorting classifiers, Flotation.

The students are made aware of the various mineral processing technology used.

Metallurgical Thermodynamics and Kinetics

Laws of thermodynamics, concepts of reversibility, Maxwell’s equations and Gibbs-Helmholtz equation, Concept of partial molal properties, thermodynamics of reversible cells, Arhenius equation, theories of reaction rates.

Students are taught, in this course, the laws of thermodynamics with reference to metallurgical processes and materials.

Transport Phenomena

Introduction to Transport phenomena, Types of fluid flow, Newton's law of viscosity, Energy and momentum relationships, Classification of diffusional operations and conduction of diffusional operations etc.

The paper focuses on the concepts of fluid mechanics in extractive metallurgy.

Phase Transformations and Heat Treatment

Theory of Nucleation, Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Nucleation, Nucleation Kinetics, Growth Kinetics, Different types of Diffusion Growth. Nucleation and Grain size, Super Cooling.

The paper deals with the concepts of the theory of nucleation and growth kinetics of solidification.

Unit Processes in Extractive Metallurgy

Principles of Unit processes: Calcination, Sintering, Pelletising and Briquetting. Principles of reduction and Matte Smelting. Pyro-metallurgical processes using vacuum, reduction of halide by another element, Principles of electro-winning from fused salts. Principles and types of leaching, etc.

The focus of the paper is on the ore minerals for ferrous and non-ferrous metals.

Ferrous Production Technology

Introduction to Iron & Steel making, Raw materials for Iron making, evaluation and occurrence in India, Agglomeration, sintering and pelletising, Conventional Steel making processes, Oxygen steel making processes, Arc and induction furnaces, Physical chemistry of steel making,

The paper deals with the extraction techniques of pig iron by reduction smelting in blast furnace from iron ores.

Mechanical Behavior of Materials

Hardness testing, static compression, fatigue testing, creep testing.

The paper focuses on the classification of mechanical testing of ferrous and non-ferrous metals and alloys.

Powder Metallurgy

Introduction and History of PM, Different Powder Production Techniques, Importance of Powder Characterization, Particles Size, Distribution, Surface Analysis, Powder Compaction and Process variables, Theory of sintering etc.

The paper deals with the classification of powder preparation techniques.

Foundry Technology and Non-Destructive Testing

Introduction, types of foundries Pattern making: pattern materials, types of patterns and functions, pattern allowances. Core sands and core making, Special sand molding processes, melting furnaces, Casting defects, Non Destructive Testing (NDT).

The paper aims at making students understand the pattern and pattern allowances and the design of gating and risering of castings.

Electro Metallurgy and Corrosion

Principles of Corrosion, Forms of Corrosion, Modern Theory-Principles, Corrosion Prevention, Corrosion rate measurement, High Temperature Corrosion, High temperature materials- mechanical properties, oxidation resistance.

The paper is about the characterization of the general, galvanic, crevice and fatigue forms of corrosion.

X-ray Diffraction and Electron Microscopy

Introduction to crystallography, Symmetry – point group and space group, Reading of the space group tables, X-ray diffraction. Electrons as source, properties of electron beam, elastic and inelastic scattering of electrons.

The paper is about the identification of diffraction conditions for BCC and FCC lattices.

Mechanical Working of Materials

Forming processes, effect of metallurgical structure & strain-rate, cold working, recovery, recrystalisation and grain growth, hot working, Stress, Strain fields, strain energy & line tension of a dislocation, Forces on and between dislocations,

The paper deals with the stress-strain relationship.

Non Ferrous Extractive Metallurgy

COPPER: Principal ore minerals, traditional bath smelting processes viz., Blast furnace, Reverberatory furnace, Electric furnace.

ZINC: General principles, roasting. Retort processes- horizontal and vertical retort processes. Electro-thermal production.

The main aim of the paper is to Classify the ores of copper, zinc, lead, nickel, aluminum, magnesium and uranium metals.

Characterization Techniques

Optical metallography, image analysis, quantitative phase estimation. Analytical transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Selected area of Diffraction bright and dark field imaging.

This paper helps the students Understand the principles of optical and electron microscopy.

Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] (Metallurgical and Materials Engineering) : 38 answered questions


Ques. How is metallurgical and materials engineering at IIT Ropar?

● Top Answer By Aaditya Hari Nair on 07 Sept 21

Ans. Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department at IIT Ropar offers a B.Tech program, alongside a Ph.D. program. Since the establishment of the branch, it has involved a wide range of study areas, in India as well as other foreign countries. Mainly, it has shown a great scope of exposure relentlessly in these few years. Sir P.K Raina, considered one of the main heads of the institute, is a Ph.D. holder from IIT Kanpur and knows how to incentivize new talents. At present, he is known as the Students Associate Dean of IIT Ropar.  In terms of infrastructure, there is a separate building in the permanent campus, usually called the Satish Dhawan for SMMEE. There is a provision of only one lab located in the Transit campus - 1 of XRD. Other similar labs are located elsewhere, RMML (Ropar Machines of Materials Laboratory ) Material Testing Lab In case you are about to pursue your higher studies, then going for IIT Ropar is not at all a bad elective. Read more
1 Answer

Ques. Should I go for civil engineering or metallurgy and material science engineering in NIT Trichy?

● Top Answer By Aaditya Hari Nair on 31 Aug 21

Ans. I would suggest you go for metallurgy if you plan to do a job right after completing your degree. Metallurgy has more job opportunities to offer. With Metallurgy, you can easily learn coding and go for tech companies. NIT Trichy has a great coding culture, so picking up coding skills will not be difficult.  If you plan to prepare for civil services or any other government job, I would suggest you go for civil engineering. When compared to metallurgy, there are fewer job opportunities in the civil department. If you plan on doing an MBA after having done your engineering, you can opt for either of them because then it does not matter anyway.Read more
1 Answer

Ques. What is the current placement scenario for metallurgy and materials engineering at NIT Trichy?

● Top Answer By Aaditya Hari Nair on 30 Aug 21

Ans. One of my friends graduated from NIT Trichy and here are some facts about the institute I got to know from her. As you have not mentioned any specifications, let me just describe the placement scenario of Metallurgy at NIT Trichy. The placements generally vary from year to year.  Out of a batch of around 60 students, people looking for placements every year is around 40. The rest of the people either go for higher studies or have some other plans.  Most of the people get into material science-related fields at very good universities. Out of the 40 students, around 30 usually get placed.  Companies that usually open for metallurgy graduates include, Core Metal (steel/ aluminium), Automobile, Analytics, Software and others. There are a few companies that are regular visitors. The rest depends on the market and your training placement coordinator. Placements for metallurgy students are lesser than the other departments. Categories Metallurgy and Materials Engineering at NIT Trichy Course Fee 5.65 lakh Highest CTC 22 LPA Average CTC 10-12 LPA Recruiting Companies BPCL, L&T, Tata Steel, Reliance, etc. So, you need to act upon those selected shots you get. You'll have many chances throughout the year. You will also get a lot of guidance from immediate seniors.Read more
1 Answer

Ques. How is NIT Calicut for a B.Tech in material science?

● Top Answer By Aaditya Hari Nair on 26 Aug 21

Ans. B.Tech in material science in NIT CALICUT is a slightly underrated course as it is newly introduced. NIT Calicut also has an M.Tech course for material science.  The material science branch in NIT Calicut is a very promising branch despite being an underrated and newly introduced branch and has become an important part of NIT Calicut. This branch also has a dedicated department for nanotechnology. Recently they have made their college proud by preparing and distributing hand sanitizer in the entire campus and also in local sections of society to fight against the coronavirus pandemic.  The placements of this department are not as great as in the computer science department as it is a newly introduced branch.  This is a research-oriented branch with a strong alumni network. Material Science is definitely a promising field and offers a lot of opportunities in higher studies. If you love nanoscience then you should go for this course. Read more
1 Answer

Ques. Which is better, metallurgy at NIT Warangal or an MSc in Biology at BITS Goa?

● Top Answer By Aaditya Hari Nair on 24 Aug 21

Ans. One of my cousins recently encountered a similar situation where she had to choose between an M.Sc in Chemistry at BITS Hyderabad, and Biotechnology at NIT Warangal.  Having a conversation with the seniors, she found out that placements at NIT Warangal for Biotechnology, Metallurgy, Civil, and Chemical, are not as good as they should be. The recruiters are a handful, like Dr. Reddy’s, who recruit a few students out of many. Most of the students begin preparing for CAT or GRE during their 3rd and 4th year of the course. The ECE placements are quite reasonable. This means, the median package for circuit branches in BPHC can range anywhere from around 10 LPA to 11 LPA, while the average package can still be higher.  However, Metallurgy will not supposedly bring as many prospects as other branches can. It can pose a real problem in your case. You can choose to pursue an MBA or opt to study abroad for an MS.  But, M.Sc in Biology at BITS Goa can possibly be a good choice because you will still secure a position in EEE, ECE, or ENI. It can fetch you a position in the IT sector. The placements between BITS Pilani and BITS Goa are almost in the same range, with little to no difference at all. Only recently, there are candidates who went abroad to MIT or Caltech after their M.Sc, to pursue their thesis. It can make an easy dodge for you to secure seats in MS or Ph.D. programs. Thus, going for BITS Goa can be a superior choice to the NIT Warangal. Read more
1 Answer


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