B.Tech in Soil and Water Conservation Engineering Colleges, Eligibility and Scope

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Sakshi Gupta

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B. Tech in Soil and Water Conservation Engineering is a 4- year long undergraduate course spread across 8 semesters, with each semester lasting a period of 6 months. This course is an offshoot of Agriculture Engineering, involving concepts and techniques of agricultural study and research of modern techniques aimed at improving soil quality and water- related management.

Aspiring candidates who have qualified 10+2 with Physics, Maths and Chemistry as main subjects are eligible for applying for the course. The course is offered at a number of agricultural universities and institutes across India.

This is a job- oriented branch, offering lucrative career prospects, particularly in a primarily agrarian country like India.

A successful completion of B. Tech in Soil and Water Engineering in India is followed by job opportunities with an average initial salary ranging between INR 2.5 lacs and 4.5 lacs, which increases with experience in the field. The average tuition fee charged in India for this course ranges between INR 50,000 and INR 1.5 Lacs.

Top Colleges for Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] (Soil & Water Conservation Engineering)

B.Tech in Soil and Water Conservation Engineering: Course Highlights

Tabulated below are some of the major highlights of the course.

Course level Undergraduate
Eligibility 10+2 qualification with a minimum aggregate score of
Examination Type Semester System
Duration 4 years, 8 Semesters
Admission Process Counselling after qualifying entrance examination or direct admission in some cases
Course Fee INR 50, 000 to INR 1.5 lacs
Average Starting Salary INR 2.5 lacs to INR 4.5 lacs

Eligibility for B.Tech in Soil and Water Conservation Engineering

The basic eligibility criterion needed to be fulfilled for application to the course is a 10+2 qualification from a recognised educational Board with a minimum aggregate score of 50% with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as the main subjects. Students having Mathematics or Biology as one of the main subjects at the 10+2 level are eligible to apply for the course. The minimum marks criterion may differ between colleges. Apart from this, institutes may have their own additional criteria of eligibility for application to the course.

Top Institutes Offering B.Tech in Soil and Water Conservation Engineering

In an agricultural country like India, soil and water conservation plays a very important role in the economy of the country, as it involves creating and evolving innovative techniques involved in improving agricultural productivity and water management for good harvest. Also, pursuance of the course opens doors to lucrative career options, with the demand for skilled professionals in this field always on the rise in the industry. A large number of colleges and institutes in the country offer B. Tech in Soil and Water Conservation Engineering.

Listed below are some of the top institutes offering the course in India. Also mentioned are the corresponding locations and the average fees charged by each.

Name of Institute City Average Annual fees in INR
Indian Agricultural Research Institute Delhi 5,000
Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering Bhopal -
College of Agricultural Engineering Ludhiana, Punjab 41,000
College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology Junagadh, Gujrat 22,000
Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth College of Agriculture Pune 37,500
Anbil Dharmalingam Agricultural College Trichy 22,854
Allahabad Agricultural Institute Allahabad 1,52,000
Anna University, Centre of Biotechnology - 1,45,000

B.Tech in Soil and Water Conservation Engineering: Who Should Opt?

Eligible candidates interested in innovating and revamping ways for improving agricultural productivity, for boosting farm produce, and design of soil and water conservation technique may ideally opt for this course. A successful completion of the course opens doors to not only lucrative career opportunities in the government sector, but also prepares students for such opportunities in privately- owned industries and for options of higher studies in the subject with advanced training in specializations such as food improvement, storage, and processing, improvement of farming methods etc.

B.Tech in Soil and Water Conservation Engineering: Admission Process

Most institutes and colleges offering the course have a general admission process in place, based on entrance tests. Several State- level and national level entrance tests are carried out every year for admission to the course, and some institutes provide direct admission on the basis of performance in the qualifying exam. Application forms for entrance exams are made available online, with a set last date for submission thereof.

The essential process followed is specified below:

  • Application Form
  • Entrance Exam/ Counselling
  • Admission

B.Tech in Soil and Water Conservation Engineering: Top Entrance Examinations

Listed here are some of the top entrance examinations held for admission to the course:

  • ICAR AIEEA: The Indian Council of Agricultural Research organizes an All India Entrance Examination. The applications are made available online in January.
  • OUAT CET: Forms for Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology Common Entrance Test are made available in April.
  • EAMCET: Application forms for Engineering Agricultural and Medical Common Entrance Test are made available in May.

There are about 150 to 200 questions asked in the entrance test. The time allotted to complete the exam is 3 hours. For every correct answer 4 marks are rewarded and often 1 mark is deducted for every incorrect answer.

The following subjects are covered in the syllabus of the entrance exam:

  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Mathematics
  • Biology

The selection process varies between colleges. The selection is based either on cut-off set for the entrance exam (i.e. minimum marks required to qualify the given exam) or on the candidate’s performance in the entrance exam and qualifying exam.

B.Tech in Soil and Water Conservation Engineering: Lateral Entry

By means of lateral entry, students can get admission directly into the 2nd year of engineering, given that they have completed 10th and a 3- year diploma course in engineering/ technology or BSc (Bachelor of Science) in any stream with Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry as the main subjects.

Two of the popular colleges offering such lateral entry for eligible students are Adhiyaaman College of Engineering and ABES Engineering College.

B.Tech in Soil and Water Conservation Engineering: What is it About?

Soil and Water Conservation engineering falls under the department of Agricultural Engineering which involves research work on themes such as rain water management systems, analysis of climatologically data, runoff and soil loss estimations, controlling losses in farm pond, soil moisture modeling, drought characterization and study of agriculture process etc. Also included are various improved methods for sustainable agriculture production, teaching, research and extension activities related to soil and water conservation.

Students are exposed to different sets of theoretical and practical subjects in the various semesters.

B.Tech in Soil and Water Conservation Engineering: Career Prospects

A significant number of government job posts are offered for successful graduates of this course, like the opportunity to join the Departments of Agriculture of various State Governments, in capacities such as Land Officer in the relevant department. Such graduates may find jobs in other government departments such as Food Department, Research Department, State Dairy Boards, Coir Board etc.

In the private sector, fertilizer firms, agriculture machinery manufacturing firms, Research and Development firms, Food Products Processing and Manufacturing firms, etc. are the chief recruiters. Average initial salary offered to such graduates ranges between INR 2.5 Lacs - 4.5 Lacs per annum.

Listed here are the various job positions on offer for successful graduates of B. Tech in Soil and Water Conservation Engineering. Also mentioned are the corresponding job descriptions and salaries offered for each role.

B.Tech in Soil and Water Conservation Engineering

Agriculture Officer Responsible for working with farmers and agricultural companies to make better decisions to increase agricultural production INR 2.76,000 – 3.00,000
Quality Assurance Officer Responsible for determining, negotiating and agreeing on in-house quality procedures, standards and specifications, assessing customer requirements and ensuring that these are met. INR 2.52,000 – 2.64,000
Farm Manager Responsible for directing and coordinating worker activities, such as planting, irrigation, chemical application, harvesting, grading, payroll, and recordkeeping  INR 3.60,000– 3.72,000
Research Engineer Responsible for suggesting improvements and providing recommendations during the research and development (R&D) process. INR 6.36,000 – 6.48,000
Process Manager Responsible for evaluating, designing, executing and controlling processes going on and for ensuring that the process outcomes are in harmony with the organisation’s strategic goals  Varied
Purchase Manager Responsible for maintaining records of goods ordered and received, locating vendors of materials, equipment or supplies, and interviewing them in order to determine product availability and terms of sales. INR 4308,000 – 4.20,000

Also, successful graduates may choose to enter the teaching sector, or pursue a career in R&D (Research and Development) sector. They may also work in positions such as Consultant, or Seed Officer in seed companies, or Scientist working with breeding, plant protection, etc., or start their own venture.

Successful graduates of the course interested in higher studies in the discipline may also go for pursuing M. Tech in Agricultural Engineering program, MBA (Master of Business Administration), or Ph. D from India or abroad. Admission to M. Tech is also based on the entrance examination mode. Some colleges/ institutes like Indira Gandhi Agricultural University and Indian Agricultural Research Institute conduct their own entrance examinations for admission to Ph. D programs.

Semester- wise, students of B.Tech in Soil and Water Conservation Engineering in India study the following as part of their course curriculum:

Semester I Semester II Semester III Semester IV
Professional Communication & Technical Writing
Engineering Drawing
Principles of Soil Science Farm Implements Fluid Mechanics
Principles of Agriculture Engineering Mechanics Introductory Biotechnology Engineering Hydrology
Elementary Mathematics Engineering Mathematics –I Electrical Machines Soil Mechanics
Computer and Languages Horticultural & Field Crops Engineering Mathematics –II Soil Physics
Moral &Value Education Workshop Practice & Technology Database Management & Internet Applications Environmental Studies – I
Basic Electrical Engineering CAD/CAM Machine Drawing & Computer Graphics Surveying & Leveling Farm Machinery
Basic Electronics Engineering Thermodynamics Strength of Materials Unit operation in Food Engineering
Basic Electronics Engineering Chemistry Extension Education Heat & Mass Transfer
- - Statistical Methods Theory of Machines
Semester V Semester VI Semester VII Semester VIII
Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Instrumentation and Control Engineering Renewable Energy Elective – I Soil and Water Engineering
Machine Design Post Harvest and Storage Engineering Drainage Engineering Elective – II Farm Machinery & Power
Field Operation and Maintenance of Tractors and Farm Machinery Soil and Water Conservation Engineering Entrepreneurship Development on Agro – Industries Elective – III Agricultural Process & Food Engineering
Well & Pumps Irrigation Engineering Soil and Water Conservation Structures Project Report
Training – I Operation Research Seminar –I Seminar -II
Building Materials and Structural Design Tractors and Power Units Educational Tour/Field Visit -
Agri Business Management Crop Process Engineering Farm Machinery Design and Testing -
Engineering Properties of Biological Materials - Dairy and Food Engineering -
Environmental Studies – II - Hydraulics and Design of Irrigation Systems -
- - Training- II -
- - Project -


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