Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Water Resources Engineering is a 4-year undergraduate engineering course which is a specialized branch of civil engineering. It involves the designing of new systems and equipment that help manage human water resources. It is an agricultural based engineering course wherein the engineers are responsible for the planning, development, and management of water resources. The minimum eligibility criteria for admission is pass in higher secondary (10+2) or its equivalent from a recognized Board or Council with 50% marks or above in subjects Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry.
Selection in colleges is through national or state level entrance examinations such as Tamil Nadu Engineering Exam (TNEA). Some institutes consider JEE Main or JEE Advanced rank to provide admission to the students. Universities also conduct their own entrance tests and candidates have to clear the minimum cut-off list to secure admission. The last step of the admission process involves counselling considering the marks obtained in the entrance examinations. The average tuition fee for this course ranges between 2 Lacs INR to 10 Lacs INR.
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B.Tech in Civil (Water Resources Engineering (BTWRE)) is designed to provide training and counting education and professional knowledge appropriate for upgrading the diploma-level manpower engaged in irrigation and water management and other related activities of Central and State Governments and other similar water resources agencies.
Graduates can find ample amount of job opportunities in Water Authority, Construction Companies, Geological Department, etc. The course prepares the graduates for a professional career in Civil sector. A fresh graduate of Water Resources Engineering can earn an annual salary between 1.5 Lakh INR – 3.5 Lakh INR which increases with experience and expertise.
Top Colleges for Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] (Water Resources Engineering)
B.Tech in Water Resources Engineering Course Highlights Table
|Name of the course||B.Tech in Water Resources Engineering|
|Course Level||Under Graduate|
|Duration||4 years, full time|
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Eligibility||10+2 with Physics, Mathematics as compulsory subjects securing 50% marks|
|Admission Process||Based on counselling sessions after clearing Entrance Tests (JEE Main, EAMCET) or Direct Admission in some cases|
|Average Course Fee||INR 2 Lacs to 10 Lacs|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 2 Lacs to 12 Lacs|
|Top Recruiting Companies||Aegis, Hindustan Dorr-Oliver Limited, Tata Consulting Engineers, L&T, Gammon India, Public Works Department (PWD), Hazen and Sawyer, GeoEngineers, Spencer Ogden, AECOM|
What is B.Tech in Water Resources Engineering about?
Students pursuing the course in Water Resources Engineering are trained on the institutional, socio-economic, and policies related to water resources development and management. They also study the physical processes of water flow which is essential to the understanding, protection, and improvement of the environment.
Besides that, graduates possess an understanding of problems related to water quality in streams and aquifers, erosion, sedimentation, protection of ecosystems and other natural resources. Engineering and Water Resources Management with further emphasis on project and industry focused learning for sustainable development of water related infrastructure is also studied.
Like any other B.Tech course, the duration of Water Resources Engineering is 4-years spilt into 8 semesters with 2 semesters in each year. Each semester has a set of different theoretical and practical based subjects and the last semesters include internships and mandatory projects.
What do you have to do as a B.Tech in Water Resources Engineer?
Water Resources Engineering is associated with various job profiles and opens many channels for the engineer. Below, are summarized few job description in which an aspirant should have interest:
- Estimation of the amount of available water and designing work for physical and non-physical infrastructure needed to meet the water needs of society and the environment.
- Also, involves the designing, building, and management of water intakes, the water treatment plants, and the network of pipes to ensure access to clean safe drinking water.
- The engineers are concerned with the issues associated with the use and control of water.
- They work to prevent floods, to supply water to cities, industries and irrigation purposes, to treat wastewater, to protect beaches, to manage and reuse storm water, to involve in water-sensitive urban design (WSUD) and to manage river systems.
- Additionally, they are also involved in the designing, construction, or maintenance of storm water harvesting, and re-use systems, wastewater treatments, desalination systems, dams, pipelines, pumping stations, locks or seaport facilities.
Top Institutes Offering B.Tech in Water Resources Engineering
IGNOU offers a 4-year degree course in B.Tech. Water Resource Engineering which is a continuing education program for the working diploma holders engaged in water resources sector. It offers in-built flexibility in terms of intermediate award of Advanced Diploma in Water Resources Engineering (ADWRE) after successful completion of first two modules (1st and 2nd years).
|SR.NO.||COLLEGE/INSTITUTE||CITY/STATE||TUITION FEES (PER YEAR)||ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA||ADMISSION PROCEDURE|
|1||Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU)||New Delhi||10,660 INR||Minimum 50% marks at Higher & Senior Secondary level with at least 50% aggregate in Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics at Senior Secondary level. Three-year Diploma in Civil/Mechanical/Electrical/Computer/Architecture/Chemical Engineering from a recognized Polytechnic or its equivalent.||Admission announcements are issued in May/June and the last date for submission of filled-in application forms is in September. Selection is based on entrance tests conducted by the university.|
|2||Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences (SHIATS)||Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh||60,000 INR||Pass in 10+2 examination with a minimum of 50% marks with compulsory subjects as Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry from any recognized Board or Council.||Admission to all the B.Tech programs is based on the entrance test conducted by the university (SHIATS)|
|3||Anna University||Chennai, Tamil Nadu||30,095 INR||Candidates should have qualified 10+2 examination with at least 50% marks from a recognized board with Physics and Mathematics and Chemistry as mandatory subjects. 5% relaxation in total marks for SC/ST categories.||Selection of eligible candidates is by clearing the minimum cut-off in Tamil Nadu Engineering Admission (TNEA) exam. JEE Mains Rank is also considered.|
|4||Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science||Chennai, Tamil Nadu||156,625 INR||Candidates should have passed the 10+2 examination with Physics and Mathematics as compulsory subjects along with one the following subjects: Chemistry / Biotechnology / Computer Science / Biology with minimum of 50% marks||Admission is based on AIR in JEE Mains or HITSEEE Online Entrance Examination conducted by the university.|
|5||Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University||Hyderabad, Telangana||10,000 INR||Candidate must have passed 10+2 or its equivalent with minimum aggregate of 50% in Mathematics, Physics & Chemistry||Admission to B.Tech programmes is done on the basis of marks obtained by the candidates in EAMCET (AP or TS)|
Eligibility Criteria for B.Tech in Water Resources Engineering
For pursuing a course in B.Tech in Water Resources Engineering, aspirants need to successfully pass in plus two (10+2) or its equivalent from any recognized Board. Candidates need to secure minimum 50% marks or equivalent grades in Physics and Mathematics as compulsory subjects and any one out of Chemistry /Biology/ Biotechnology/ Computer or any other technical subjects. A relaxation of 5% marks is applicable for those belonging to reserve category (SC/ST/OBC). English is also one of the compulsory subjects to meet the eligibility criteria for some universities.
Admission Process for B.Tech in Water Resources Engineering
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Admission to B.Tech in Water Resources Engineering is through entrance examinations (national or state level/university level) conducted either by the university or national level entrance examinations such as JEE. Interview round is also one of the steps involved in the admission process for some colleges. A few institutes consider marks obtained in the Higher Secondary level for direct admission provided the percentage score is above 80% or in the Board Merit list. At the end, students have to go through the counselling, once they successfully clear the entrance examination or meet the eligibility criteria. Below are some of the entrance examinations conducted for B.Tech in Water Resources Engineering:
- Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main – JEE is a two-tier examination: Main & Advanced. Students can get admission in most of the engineering institutes through JEE Main exam while IITs only consider the ranking based on JEE Advanced exam. Online application process begins around December first week and last date of online submission of applications is by January second or third week.
- Tamil Nadu Engineering Admissions (TNEA) – Conducted by the Anna University for admission into engineering colleges of Tamil Nadu. Application forms are available in the month of May every year and counselling begins from first week of July. Forms are available online on the official website of Anna University. The TNEA selection process differs for candidates belonging to reserved categories, therefore, aspirants should check the admission/selection process and eligibility criteria before filling out the application forms.
- Hindustan University Entrance Examinations (HITSEEE) – HITSEEE stands for Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science Entrance Examination, which is conducted in the month of April for the admission to engineering and architecture courses. Application forms are available from January and last date for submitting filled in application forms is in the second week of April. Candidates can fill the application form both in offline or online mode. The online entrance examination is an objective type multiple choice test. Selection of candidates is based on the merit through the HITSEEE test.
- Engineering, Agriculture and Medical Common Entrance Test (AP EAMCET) – A state level entrance examination conducted by JNTU Kakinada on behalf of the Andhra Pradesh State Council for Higher Education (APSCHE) while JNTU Hyderabad regulates the (TS EAMCET) on behalf of the Telangana State Council for Higher Education (TSCHE). EAMCET gives access to admissions in the engineering, medical, and agricultural programs in various universities and colleges in the state of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Application forms for AP EAMCET are released in first week of February and exam is held in last week of April every year.
Career Prospects and Job Opportunities after B.Tech in Water Resources Engineering
Water Resources Engineers develop solutions for flood control, water distribution, wastewater collection, irrigation drainage, river navigation, facilitation and hydroelectric power development. Therefore, they can work in various departments. Also, they can provide consultancy services to industries for design, development, testing and monitoring work in the field of Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering.
Employment areas for engineers include hydrology or hydraulics, Public Work Department (PWD), Irrigation Departments, and Public Health Engineering Department. Graduates can also pursue higher studies by applying for M.Tech in Water Resources Engineering or can opt for doctoral courses (Ph.D.)
Water Resources Engineers have wide scope to work in sectors such as:
- Environmental impact assessment and mitigation
- Water supply and treatment
- Air quality management
- Environmental policy and regulation development
- Contaminated land management and site remediation
- Environmental health and safety
- Irrigation and Water Management
- Water resource management
- Solid waste management
Below are some of the job titles and job profiles along with the remuneration offered in the field of Water Resources Engineering:
|Job Title||Job Profile||Salary (per year)|
|Water Resource Engineer||Design and develop new equipment and systems for water resource management facilities that help manage human water resources. They help plan for water use and treatment. They also work on flood control projects and help map out drainage systems for dealing with water flow||INR 3,69,820|
|Environmental Engineer||Environmental engineers use their scientific knowledge to design systems that control pollution and protect public health. They coordinate waste management and recycling activities at manufacturing sites and mines.||INR 3,57,586- INR 934,477|
|Hydrologist/ Hydrological Engineer||Hydrologists research, develop and maintain safe and sustainable domestic or natural water management strategies. They study the distribution, flow and quality of water underground (as opposed to hydrologists who are primarily concerned with surface water).||INR 67,807 – INR 72,856 in government sector|
|Sustainability Engineer/ Sustainable Energy Technologist||Sustainability engineers take a lead role in delivering sustainable and low-energy design projects in the built environment. Sustainable energy technologists also perform structural audits for energy efficiency and conservation, ensure regulatory compliance and understand the basic economic, environmental and social impact of energy systems through an understanding of energy production, delivery and consumption and waste disposal.||INR 665,000|
|Environmental Protection Specialist||Environmental protection specialists investigate the types and amounts of pollution humans create and find ways to prevent, control or fix the damage caused by that pollution. The job profile includes collecting water, oil, food and other types of samples for testing; analyzing samples to identify pollution or potential environmental threats; preparing reports of findings; and developing plans to correct or avoid pollution problems.||INR 4,67,530|
Course Structure and Syllabus for B.Tech in Water Resources Engineering
The major course objective of the course is to provide graduates with the advanced conceptual understanding of Water and Waste Water Engineering, Solid and Hazardous Waste Management, Air Pollution and Control, EIA Studies and Design of water and waste water collection system and treatment units to meet the needs of developmental projects and industries along with the basic Civil Engineering aspects.
|Semester I||Semester II||Semester III||Semester IV|
|Engineering Mathematics-I||Engineering Mathematics-II||Mathematics III||Nonpoint Source Solution|
|Engineering Physics-I||Engineering Physics -II||Water Control and Measurement||Planning and Design of Water Resources Systems|
|Engineering Chemistry-I||Engineering Chemistry-II||Surface Irrigation Systems||Surface Drainage Systems|
|Water Resources Engineering||Management of Hydraulic Systems||Sprinkler and Trickle Irrigation Systems||Irrigation Management of Water Quality|
|Water Resources Systems Planning and Management||Sustainable Development Approach||Behaviour of Solids, Fluids and Soils||Transportation Engineering|
|--||--||Elective I||Environmental Engineering|
|Semester V||Semester VI||Semester VII||Semester VIII|
|Drainage and Wetlands Engineering||Hydraulic Structures & Water Quality Modelling||Environmental Impact Assessment of Water Resource Projects||Internship/Industrial visit|
|Groundwater Technology||Planning, Management & Economics of Water Resource Projects||Computational Fluid Mechanics||Thesis/Dissertation|
|Computational Hydraulics||Watershed Behaviour and its conservation Materials||Hydraulics & Environmental Engineering||--|
|Channel & Fluvial Hydraulics||Urban Storm Water Drainage||Project Work||--|
|Applied Hydrology||Elective IV||--||--|
Elective Subject list
- Water Resource Engineering
- Ground Water Hydrology
- Remote Sensing Techniques and Applications
- Industrial Waste Management
- Air Pollution Management
- Municipal Solid Waste Management
- Energy and Environment
- Coastal Engineering
- Flood and Drought Management
- Environmental Impact Assessment
- Sustainable Development and Environment
- Environmental Policies and Legislation
- Ground Water Pollution
- Marine Pollution
Books for B.Tech in Water Resources Engineering
- Irrigation and Water Power Engineering by Punmia B C,P.B.B Lal, A.K. Jain and A.K. Jain (2009), Laxmi Publications Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi
- Irrigation and Water Resources Engineering by Asawa G L (2013), New Age International Publishers
- Irrigation Engineering by Raghunath H.M (2012), Wiley India
- Irrigation Water Resources and Water Power Engineering by Modi P N (2011), Standard Book House, New Delhi
- Water Resources Engineering by Mays L.W (2013), Wiley India Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi
- Irrigation Engineering by Sharma R.K. and Sharma, T.K (2012), S.Chand & Co Publishers
- Water Resources Engineering’ by Satyanarayana Murthy Challa (2008), New Age International Publishers