BTech (Bachelor of Technology) Courses in India, Admission, Colleges, Syllabus, Salaryy

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Karishma Khatri

Exams Prep. Master

What is B Tech?

B Tech abcde or Bachelor of Technology is a 4-year professional engineering program. The engineering course is usually divided into 8 semesters and during the first-year special emphasis is put on key science subjects like Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. Later, candidates get multiple specializations to choose like computer science, mechanical, biotechnology, civil, and many more.

What are Subjects in B Tech?

Latest Updates

How to do B Tech after 12th? 

Candidates, after qualifying 10+2 exams from a recognized university, have to apply for an entrance exam for admission to top engineering colleges in India. The entrance exams are conducted on national, state, and university levels. One of the most appeared for the entrance exam is JEE Main. JEE Main is your gateway to colleges such as IITs, NITs, IIITs, and other private institutes as well. Check B Tech Admissions.

To be eligible for the B Tech engineering course, you should have passed Class 10+2 or equivalent examination from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. However, the eligibility criteria may vary from institute to institute.

Renowned engineering colleges like IITs, NITs, IIITs, and other private institutes as well consider the score of JEE Main or JEE Advanced for B Tech admission. There are various state-level Engineering exams like MHT CET, PTU CET, UPSEE, WBJEE, etc, as well.

The average fee charged for the B Tech course is INR 1.5-2 lakh per annum. However, the course fee also varies from college to college.

The average salary offered by the companies after B Tech course completion ranges from INR 5-10 lakhs per annum. There are several cases where candidates had been offered a package of INR 2 crores per annum depending upon the years of experience and skills.

B Tech Course Highlights

B Tech Course Level Undergraduate
B Tech Full-Form Bachelor of Technology
B Tech Duration 4 years
B Tech Examination type Semester type
B Tech Eligibility 10+2 (Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry)
B Tech Admission Process Merit-based/ Entrance-based
B Tech Course Fee INR 1.5-2 lakh per annum
B Tech Average Salary INR 5-6 lakh per annum
B Tech Top Recruiting Companies Google, TCS, Infosys, Flipkart, HCL, Amazon, Wipro, Accenture, Facebook, ITC, etc.
B Tech Job Positions Software Engineer, Quality Analyst, Software Tester, etc.

JEE Advanced 2020 Latest Updates

  • 7 new JEE Advanced Exam Centers have been added by IIT Delhi, candidates can edit their center preferences till Sept 17.
  • JoSAA has released an online counseling schedule for JEE Main & JEE Advanced. Read More
  •  IIT Delhi Director, V. Ramgopal Rao has conveyed that candidates can share exam-related queries to jeechair@admin.iitd.ac.in. 
  •  JEE Advanced Registration for Foreign candidates has been started. Read More  
  • JEE Advanced 2020 Exam Schedule has been released by IIT Delhi.    
  • IITs have dropped the percentage criteria for admissions this year. Read More
  • JEE Advanced 2020 Mock Test has been released by IIT Delhi. Check Here

Am I Eligible to Pursue B Tech?

To know whether you are eligible to Pursue a B Tech course or not, check the list of eligibility criteria to be fulfilled: 

  • You must complete 10+2 or equivalent examinations from a recognized educational board like CBSE, ICSE, etc.
  • You should possess a minimum of 60% marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics combined.
  • Students belonging to SC/ST are eligible for 5% relaxation in the aggregate and qualifying marks.
  • If you have qualified JEE Mains or any other equivalent entrance examination, then you must submit your scorecard during the admission, as scores of such exams are mandatory.

How to Do B Tech after 12th?

The usual way to gain admission to a B Tech course is through cracking entrances. Most of the B Tech colleges accept the national level entrance exams like the JEE Main and JEE Advanced, but few engineering colleges also conduct their autonomous entrance exams.

Following are the steps of how to do B Tech after 12th in detail:

Step 1: B Tech Engineering Entrance Examinations

After appearing for 10+2 exams, candidates need to apply, appear and crack the Engineering entrances. Students can apply to these exams by going into the respective portals and uploading the documents like academic certificates, age proof, identity proof,  etc. Do not forget to pay the application fees after a successful application.

For admissions to various IIT, candidates will have to crack JEE Main and  JEE Advanced. However, there are plenty of state entrances like MHT CET, WBJEE, OJEE, KCET, etc. Candidates can also consider autonomous colleges for admissions and in such cases, they will have to clear university level exams like MI Entrance Exam (Jamia Millia Islamia), MET (Manipal Institute) etc.

Step 2: Release of Results

After the results of the entrances come out, aspirants willing to get into IITs and NITs will have to take part in JoSAA (Joint Seat Allocation Authority). Candidates willing to seek admission to other colleges will go for the Counselling round after the results are released.

Step 3: Counselling

In this round, based on the merit list, marks obtained in the entrances, and the category into which each candidate falls, the counseling board decides to allot colleges and courses to students.

Step 4: Admission Offer 

After the counseling process is done successfully, admission to the most suitable college is offered to the aspirants. Once the student accepts the admission offers, he/she is asked to make further payments for admission confirmation.

Step 5: Verification

In this round, students are called to verify the original documents after their admission is confirmed.

There are B Tech colleges like BITS Pilani/Mesra, Banasthali Vidyapith, ICFAI Foundation For Higher Education, etc where students can apply without JEE. However, in that case, these universities can definitely conduct their own admission tests to crack.

However, there can be very few colleges granting admission to the course through merit or management quota.

Note: Ensure to keep on checking all the important websites to not miss out on any important updates on exams, courses, and admission. Check B Tech Admission Process in detail.

What are the B Tech Entrance Exams?

There are nation-wide, state-wise, and university-wise B Tech engineering entrance examinations conducted for admission to the B Tech course. A few of them are discussed below:

  • JEE Main/ Advanced: Joint Entrance Examination is a national level entrance examination conducted by the NTA and the score is accepted widely by NITs, IITs, and the majority of technical universities and institutes in India. Those who qualify JEE Mains get to appear in JEE Advanced. All the top prestigious institutes of the country accept the JEE Mains score for admission in the B Tech course.

JEE Main: EntranceTest Important Dates
Availability of Application Form  February 7, 2020
Last date to submit Application March 6, 2020 (Till 11:50 PM)
Admit Card releasing date August 17, 2020 (Released)
Examination Date September 1 – 6, 2020
Result Declaration

Paper 1: September 12, 2020

Paper 2: September 18, 2020

JEE Advanced: EntranceTest Important Dates
Availability of Application Form  September 12, 2020 (Open)
Last date to submit Application September 17, 2020
Admit Card releasing date September 21 – 27, 2020
Examination Date September 27, 2020
Result Declaration October 5, 2020

Other exams for which you can appear for B Tech admissions are as follows:

Entrance Exam State/Region Application Date Application Fee Exam Date
MHT CET Maharashtra Applications Closed 500/- to 800/-

October 1 – 9, 2020 ( PCB Group)

October 12 – 20, 2020 (PCM Group)

PTU CET Punjab  Applications Closed 600/- Dates postponed
UPSEE Uttar Pradesh Applications Closed 1300/- (Male candidates) 650/- (Female candidates) September 20, 2020 
WBJEE West Bengal October 2020 700/- February 2021
OJEE Odisha Applications Closed 1000/- to 1500/- First week of September 2020
KCET Karnataka February 2021 500/- July 2021
COMEDK Karnataka June-July, 2021 1600/- July-August, 2021
BCECE Bihar Applications Closed 550/- October 10, 2020 & October 11, 2020
Assam CEE Assam Applications Closed 650/- September 20, 2020
KEAM  Kerala May-June, 2021 700/- (General) 350/- (SC, ST) July-August, 2021
GUJCET Gujarat June-July, 2021 1200/- July-August, 2021

Every state holds Engineering entrances and if considered all the autonomous universities, they hold their entrances separately. So there are more than hundreds of such Engineering entrances in India, and above mentioned are just some of the major ones.

Check: All B Tech Entrance Examinations

How to Get Admission to Good B Tech Colleges?

Following are some of the points to help you secure admission to a good B Tech college:

  • Make sure to score well in your 10+2 level. In order to get into an elite college, you must score more than 90%.
  • The next most important step is to score well in the Engineering entrances and therefore, the following are the main sections coming in entrances:     
Mathematics  Physics Chemistry
Differential Calculus Electrostatics Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry
Coordinate Geometry Current Electricity Atomic Structure
Integral Calculus Sound Waves Equilibrium
Sequence and Series Work Power Energy General principles and process of isolation of metals
Quadratic Equation Kinematics Environmental Chemistry
Matrices and Determinants Work Power Energy Polymers and Biomolecules
Mathematical Reasoning Laws of motion Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen and Nitrogen
Probability Centre Of Mass Hydrocarbons
Permutation and Combination Modern Physics Coordination compounds
Statistics Wave Optics States of Matter
Algebra Electromagnetic Waves Surface Chemistry
Complex Numbers and Binomial Theorem Communication System General principles and process of isolation of metals

Follow a strict time table of preparation and appear for mock tests as much as possible to do better time management during the exam. Do not forget to get your hands on the required materials for preparing and cracking these entrances.

Lastly, after successfully clearing the counseling and verification process, check the placement rate of the college, method of course delivery, admission system, and the financial aid provided there, while joining the college.

Important Links:

B Tech Syllabus

B Tech Chemical Engineering B Tech Civil Engineering
Industrial Organic Chemistry Principles of Architecture
Chemical Process Calculations Building Material Science
Mechanical Operations Engineering Geology
Physical and Analytical Chemistry Mechanics of Solids
Principles of Mass Transfer Engineering Surveying
Chemical Process Technology Constructional Technology
Process Heat Transfer Strength of Materials
Mass Transfer Applications Structural Design
B Tech Mechanical Engineering B Tech Computer Science Engineering
Engineering Mechanics Data Structures
Thermodynamics Digital System Design
Manufacturing Technology Computer System Architecture
Mechanics of Solids Algorithm Design and Analysis
Fluid Mechanics Microprocessors and Microcontrollers
Applied Thermal Engineering Operating Systems
Computer-Aided Design and Analysis Compiler Design
Manufacturing Engineering Artificial Intelligence
B Tech Electrical and Electronics Engineering B Tech Aerospace Engineering
Analysis of Electrical Circuits AeroSpace Structures
Electrical Machines Aerodynamics
Electromagnetic Theory Elements of Avionics
Electron Devices and Circuits Flight Mechanics
Control Systems Aircraft Maintenance Practices
Power Electronics Flight Dynamics
Power System Protection Aerodynamics Design
Microcontrollers Advanced Aerodynamics

There are a number of specializations offered in the B Tech course, however, during the first year of the program, the same set of subjects like  Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Communication Skills, Environmental Science,  Engineering Mechanics, Basic Electrical Engineering, Engineering Graphics, etc are taught to the students in all the specializations. The core of the specialization is taught in the following three years.

The curriculum of the majority of the colleges in the country is almost the same with a little bit of variation.

What are the Top B Tech Specializations?

B Tech comes with a wide range of specializations. There are many options available for you to choose from. There are more than 70 core and non-core specializations available to you. However, not all colleges and universities in India offer all the specializations. Certain B Tech branches are widely available in all the technical colleges of the country. A few of them are discussed below:

  • B Tech CSE: B Tech in Computer Science and Engineering focuses more on the basics of computer programming and networking. Here you learn about algorithms, computation, testing, programming language, automation, etc.
Average Salary INR 4-5 Lakh per annum
Average Fees INR 2-2.5 lakh per annum
  • B Tech IT: B Tech Information technology is working on a similar track as computer science and engineering, however, where you get to learn about the development and maintenance of computer software, system, and network.
Average Salary INR 5-6 lakh per annum
Average Fees INR 1.5-2.0 lakh per annum
  • B Tech ECE: B Tech Electronics and Communication Engineering: This specialization engages you in research, design, development, and testing of electronic devices and equipment. By pursuing B Tech ECE you can easily make your careers as Radio Frequency Engineer, Production Engineer, Design Engineer, Testing Engineer, etc.
Average Salary INR 5-6 lakh per annum
Average Fees INR 2.0-2.5 lakh per annum
  • B Tech Civil Engineering: B Tech Civil Engineering is all about drafting, surveying, construction technology, quality control, material testing and more. During the course, you will be exposed to software applications like AUTOCAD and STAAD. Here you can make your career as Civil Engineer, Assistance Field Inspector, Executive Engineer, etc
Average Salary INR 4-5 lakh per annum
Average Fees INR 2.0-2.5 per annum
  • B Tech Mechanical Engineering: B Tech Mechanical Engineering specialization deals with the fundamentals of heavy machinery and its operation. Here you will learn about the designing, construction, and usage of machines.
Average Salary INR 3-4 lakh per annum
Average Fees INR 2.0-2.5 lakh per annum
  • B Tech Biotechnology: B Tech Biotechnology includes the study of microorganisms, antibiotics, and its implementation for the industrial purpose. Here you will get to learn how to incorporate technology and bioscience together.
Average Salary INR 3-4 lakh per annum
Average Fees INR 1.5-2.0 lakh per annum

Source: Official websites and Payscale

Check: All B Tech Specialization

Top B Tech Colleges

B Tech: College Comparison

Parameters IIT Madras IIT Delhi IIT Bombay
Overview This college was founded in the year 1959. It offers UG, PG, and Doctoral programs. IIT Delhi is for offering B Tech, MSC, MBA, MTech, MS, and M.DES. IT is well known for its placement drive. It was founded in the year 1961. Founded in the year 1958, IIT Bombay offers B Tech, BS, Dual degree, PG, and doctoral programs.
Ranking NIRF: 1 NIRF: 2 NIRF: 3
Average fee INR 1 lakh per year INR 2-2.5 lakh per year INR 50,000 per year
Average Placement package INR 6-7 lakh per annum INR 10-12 lakh per annum INR 8-9 Lakh per annum
Top companies participate in placement drives Google, Samsung, ITC, IBM, Goldman Sachs, Rolls Royce, JP Morgan, Microsoft, Cisco, P&G, American Express, OYO, ISRO, HSBC, etc. TATA Steel, Deloitte, Ixigo, Jabong, Sandisk, Samsung, Indian Navy, ITC, IBM, Reliance Industries LTD, Infosys Ltd., etc 3M India, NVIDIA, ONGC, Opera Solution, Accenture, Adobe System, Google, Qualcomm, etc.
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Source: Official websites

B Tech Vs B.E Vs BCA

Parameter B Tech B E BCA
Overview B Tech is a skill-oriented program and designed to give focus more on the practical aspect of the course. B.E. focuses on the fundamental and theoretical aspects of the program. BCA is an undergraduate computer application program. It focuses more on programming languages and its application.
Suitability Those who want to make a career in the private and PSUs, B Tech is suitable B.E. candidates have added the benefit of making a career outside India, as many countries ask for BE candidates more than B Tech graduates. Students from Arts, Commerce, or Science anyone can join BCA. Those who want to become a programmer or coder can opt to join BCA.
Focus Area All aspects of technology and emphasis are given on building professional skills. On the fundamentals of science and engineering. Focuses more on internships and industry visits. BCA focuses primarily on programming languages and its application.
Job Opportunities Several opportunities in the private and public sector units in India and overseas as well. Lots of opportunities in private and PSUs in India and outside the country as well. BCA in comparison to B Tech offers fewer job opportunities. However, after doing MCA or MBA candidates can take their career to new heights.
Average Salary 5-6 Lakh per annum 5-6 lakh per annum 3-4 lakh per annum
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Source: Payscale

What After B Tech?

Job Profile Job Description Average Salary
Software Developer Designing, development, implementation, testing, and maintenance of a software system. Write codes to develop a software resource and take care of its maintenance. Up to INR 2.5 Lakhs
Aeronautical Engineer They design, manufacture, and take care of the maintenance of military, and civil aircraft, and aeronautical components and systems. Up to INR 5.9 Lakhs
Automobile Engineer An automobile engineer uses CAD to design and develop new designs. Takes care of maintenance-related issues, supply chain management, and adjustment of mechanical systems. Up to INR 6.1 Lakhs
Civil Engineer They deal with the designing, development, and maintenance of small and large construction projects. Up to INR 3.1 Lakhs
Biomedical Engineer They work with a wide range of medical, technical, and administrative staff. It also includes designing, development, and testing of medical equipment and devices. Up to INR 3.7 Lakhs
Chemical Engineer Their job is to take care of the manufacturing and packaging of pharmaceutical products for clinical trial purposes, it also involves simulation and construction of oil test rigs. Up to INR 4.8 Lakh

Since B Tech offers more than 70 specializations to choose from, you will get a wide range of options where you can make your career as per your interest. From being a software programmer to a software tester, Quality Analyst, Networking Engineer, Mechanical Engineer, Chemical Engineer, etc. there is a huge list of career options available for a B Tech graduate.

From top Fortune companies like TCS, Wipro, Capgemini, Amazon, Genpact, etc, to startups and government units, B Tech graduates are in demand everywhere. Companies do placement drives in bulk from the colleges and offer good B Tech salary packages ranging from INR 5-6 LPA.

B Tech Jobs and Average Salary

Source: Payscale

Students can further go for higher degrees like MTech or MBA for getting huge job opportunities, good networking,  promoting self growth and lastly, for entrepreneurship skills.

Check:

B Tech: FAQs

Ques. What is the full form of B Tech?

Ans. The full form of B Tech is Bachelor of Technology

Ques. What is the duration of the course?

Ans. B Tech is of 4 years duration

Ques. How to get admission in B Tech?

Ans. To get admission in B Tech course, if you want to join any of the top technical colleges then you have to appear in JEE Mains. There are several other entrance examinations as well like BITSAT, SRMJEE, VITEEE, etc. that can give you entrance in the most renowned universities of the country like VIT, BITS, Anna University, etc.

Ques. What are some major streams in B Tech?

Ans. The most preferred disciplines by Indian students are Computer Science and Engineering, Information Technology, Electronics and Communication, Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, etc.

Ques. How to get admission in IITs?

Ans. To join IIT you must qualify JEE Advanced

Ques. Is it mandatory to qualify JEE Mains to sit in JEE Advanced?

Ans. Yes, it is mandatory

Ques. What is the average course fees of B Tech?

Ans. On the average majority of the institutes in India charge INR 1.5-2.0 Lakh per year. However, it varies from college to college. Some colleges charge only INR 80,000 for the course and then some colleges charge INR 8-9 Lakh for the program.

Ques. Which one is better BE or B Tech?

Ans. They both are almost the same and are accepted by the majority of companies. However, B Tech is widely available in the colleges and students prefer it over B.E. The demand and scope of both courses are almost the same.

Ques. What should I do after B Tech, MBA or MTech?

Ans. I depend on whether you want to go for managerial job opportunities or want to go up in the technical field only. MBA will help you go up in the direction of Management and MTech is suitable for those who want to continue in the technical field or want to go in the teaching line.

Ques. What is the average salary of a B Tech graduate?

Ans. The average salary varies from INR 3-4 lakh to INR 8-9 lakh. It depends upon the company and the post one is selected for.