Doctorate of Medicine [MD] in Neonatology Top Colleges, Syllabus, Scope and Salary

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Sakshi Gupta

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MD in Neonatology is a 3-year long post-graduate course divided into a yearly/ bi-yearly semester pattern. The course is a post-doctoral program in medicine, designed to educate doctors in the sub-specialty of Pediatrics, i.e. medical care of newborn babies, provision of sophisticated clinical care to ill or premature infants, especially those born with low birth weight, intrauterine growth retardation, birth defects, or birth asphyxias.

The average course fee charged by medical institutes in India for MD in Neonatology ranges between INR 15 and 20 lacs, depending upon the institute offering the course. However, for AIIMS and PGIMER, the fees is as low as INR 5-7K for candidates qualifying the relevant entrance exam. The minimum eligibility to pursue the course in India is the successful completion of MD in Pediatrics, with a minimum aggregate score of 45%, completed from a recognized university.

Neonatologists employed in the government sector in India can expect an average annual salary ranging between INR 10 and 15 lacs, and between INR 12 and 25 lacs in the corporate sector, increasing with experience in the field.

Top Colleges for Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Neonatology)

MD in Neonatology: Course Highlights

Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course.

Course Level Post Graduate
Duration 3 Years
Examination Type Semester System
Eligibility MD in Paediatrics from a recognized institute
Admission Process Counselling after qualification of a relevant PG entrance examination
Course Fee INR 15 to 20 Lacs
Average Starting Salary INR 10 to 15 Lacs
Top Recruiting Fields/Areas Top hospitals such as AIIMS, MAX, and CMC etc. Private Practice Teaching and research.

MD in Neonatology: What is about?

MD in Neonatology has been designed to offer advanced training to doctors working in Neo-Intensive care unit environments. The course aims to produce medical super-specialists who are able to diagnose, treat, and take care of the new born with appropriate care and safety.

The course is usually pursued by qualified Pediatrics towards becoming Neonatologists who treat new born infants suffering from breathing disorders, infection, birth defects, or other such conditions. Such postgraduates are trained to manage critical medical conditions in premature infants and to perform required surgical operations with high level of expertise. Neonatologists are also responsible for ensuring that the infant receives the right proportion of nutrients, and grows in a healthy manner.

Top Institutes offering MD in Neonatology

Some of the top institutes in India offering the course are listed here along with the corresponding locations and fees charged by each.

All India Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi 5,000
Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute Chennai, TN 15,00,000
Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) Puducherry 8,205
Madurai Medical College Madurai, TN 15,000
Maharashtra University of Health Sciences Nasik, Maharashtra 60,000
Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church Medical College and Hospital Ernakulam, Kerala 3,10,000
Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research – PGIMER Chandigarh 7,000
Ranga Raya Medical College Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh 11,000
Savitribai Phule Pune University Pune, Maharashtra 15,000
Seth Gordhandas Sunderdas Medical College Mumbai, Maharashtra 29,600

Eligibility for MD in Neonatology

Candidates aspiring to pursue the course must meet the minimum eligibility criteria listed below.

  • Successful completion of MD in Pediatrics from a recognized university, or equivalent diploma of the National Board in Pediatrics.
  • A minimum aggregate score of 45% at the level of MD in Pediatrics.

MD in Neonatology: Admission Process

Most institutes offering the course admit students based on their performance in a relevant entrance test. Some institutes conduct their own entrance tests for offering admission. Admission process generally varies across colleges.

Generally, the following admission tests are preferred by top colleges across India offering the course:

  • All India Post Graduate Medical/Dental Entrance Exam
  • Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research Entrance Exam
  • Separate exams conducted by AIIMS, PGI, GMCH, AFMC Pune, etc.

However, some medical institutes in India also provide direct admission to eligible candidates based on the latter’s performance at the level of MD in Pediatrics, and relevant work experience.

MD in Neonatology: Syllabus and Course Description

A section-wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated below.

Basic Sciences

General Topics

Basic genetics Research methodology, Teaching methodology, Biostatistics, Epidemiology
Fetal and neonatal immunology Health economics, Health Information System
Applied anatomy and embryology Ethics in Perinatology / Neonatology
Feto-placental physiology Medical education, Computer & Information technology
Fetal growth
Neonatal adaptation


Physiology and Development of Respiratory system, Cardiovascular system, developmental, defects, physiology and hemodynamics of congenital heart disease, Neonatal resuscitation
Nervous system, gastrointestinal system, Renal system, Hematopoietic system, Endocrinal system Management of normal newborn
Metabolic pathways pertaining to glucose, calcium and magnesium Management of LBW, VLBW, ELBW infants
Biochemical basis of inborn errors of metabolism Management of sick neonate
Electrolyte balance Emergency neonatal care
Development pharmacology Thermoregulation
Mechanism of disease Neonatal transport
Fluid & electrolyte management


Neonatal ventilation

Perinatal outreach services Blood gas and acid base disorders
Perinatal and neonatal mortality, morbidity, epidemiology (Perinatal Audit) Neonatal assessment
High risk pregnancy & impact on the fetus Assessment of gestation, neonatal behavior, neonatal reflexes
Fetal monitoring and Fetal intervention Developmental assessment, detection of neuromotor delay, stimulation
Intrapartum monitoring and procedures Techniques
Genetic counseling, Diagnosis and management of fetal diseases -

Respiratory System

Cardiovascular System

Neonatal airways: physiology, pathology; management Fetal circulation, transition from fetal to neonatal physiology
Pulmonary diseases: hyaline membrane disease, transient tachypnea, Examination and interpretation of cardiovascular signs and symptoms
Oxygen therapy and its monitoring Special tests and procedure (Echocardiography, angiography)
Pulmonary infections Diagnosis and management of congenital heart diseases
Miscellaneous pulmonary disorders Rhythm disturbances
Hypertension in neonates


Shock: pathophysiology, monitoring, management
Clinical neurological assessment Gastrointestinal system
EEG, ultrasonography, CT scan Disorders of liver and biliary system
Neonatal seizures Bilirubin metabolism
Intracranial hemorrhage Neonatal jaundice, Prolonged hyperbilirubinemia, Kernicterus
Brain imaging Congenital malformations
Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy Necrotizing enterocolitis
Neuro-muscular disorder
Degenerative diseases

Renal System

CNS malformation Development disorders
Renal functions

Neonatal Ophthalmology

Fluid and electrolyte management
Development aspects Acute renal failure (diagnosis, monitoring, management).
Retinopathy of prematurity Endocrine and metabolism
Sequelae of perinatal infections Glucose metabolism, hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia
Neonatal Hearing assessment Calcium disorders
Community neonatology Magnesium disorders
Vital statistics Thyroid disorders
Health system Adrenal disorders
Neonatal care priorities Ambiguous genitalia
Care at primary, secondary & tertiary level of care Inborn errors of metabolism
Role of different health functionaries Hematology

National Programs

National Neonatology Forum Polycythemia
Neonatal dermatology Bleeding and coagulation disorders
Neonatal Imaging Rh hemolytic disease
Developmental assessment and follow up Blood Component therapy
Organization of neonatal care

Neonatal Infections

Recent Advances Intrauterine infections
Laboratory Medicine Superficial infections
Neonatal procedures Diarrhea
Therapeutic agents Septicemia
Biomedical equipment, use & maintenance. Meningitis
- Osteomyelitis and arthritis
- Pneumonias
- Perinatal HIV
- Miscellaneous infective disorders & fungal infections

MD in Neonatology: Career Prospects

Successful postgraduates of the course have the professional options of assuming job roles such as Neonatologist, Hospital Administrator, Clinical Research Associate, Consultant, Professor, etc., with an average annual salary ranging between INR 7 and 20 lacs.

Some of the popular professional avenues open to successful postgraduates of the course are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.

Doctorate of Medicine [MD] in Neonatology

Job Title Job Profile Average Annual Salary in INR
Neonatologists Neonatologists address all medical problems concerning infants. They provide professional medical care and treatment to premature infants and critically ill newborns. 12,00,000 to 24,00,000
Assistant Professor in Neonatology A Professor or Assistant Professor in the field of Neonatology educates students on various conditions that newborns may be born with or assume shortly after birth. They train such students in the relevant therapies and surgical procedures. 4,60,000 to 11,00,000
Consultant Consultants examine, give primary treatment, and recommend suitable medication and surgery to the newborns’ parents. 7,80,000 to 12,00,000
Clinical Research Associate Clinical Research Associates collaborate with medical experts, clinical study sites, and clinical study vendors to understand and innovate various devises and ways to cure and prevent problems associated with newborn babies. 6,00,000 to 15,00,000
Hospital Administrator They are responsible for maintaining day-to-day activity and operation of a hospital/clinic. They help in the management of the organization and co-ordinate with other departments to ensure smooth functioning of the medical body. 10,00,000 to 40,00,000


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