Doctor of Medicine (MD) Ophthalmology Colleges, Syllabus, Scope and Salary

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Sakshi Gupta

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MD Ophthalmology is a 3-year long, post-graduate course in medicine divided across a semester pattern. The course specializes in educating doctors about details of anatomy, functions, and diseases related to eyes. The curriculum covers concepts and processes involved in solving problems related to eyes, such as glaucoma, iritis, eye trauma, orbital cellulite, tumors and other diseases affecting the human eye.

Top Institutes offering this course are:

The course fee charged by medical institutes in India for MD Ophthalmology ranges between INR 3.5 and 15 lacs, depending upon the institute offering the course.

Minimum eligibility for application to the course is an MBBS degree with a minimum aggregate score of 55% from a recognized university. Average annual salary offered to such postgraduates ranges between INR 4 and 10 lacs, increasing with the candidate’s experience and skillsets.

Top Colleges for Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Ophthalmology)

MD Ophthalmology: Course Highlights

Listed below are some of the major highlight of the course

Course Level Post Graduate
Duration 3 Years
Examination Type Semester System
Eligibility 55% in MBBS from a recognized institute
Admission Process Counselling after taking PG entrance examination
Course Fee INR 3.5 to 15 Lacs
Average Starting Salary INR 4.0 to 15 Lacs
Top Recruiting Fields/Areas Top hospitals such as AIIMS, MAX, and CMC etc.

MD Ophthalmology: What is it About?

Enrolled students are offered higher learning and training in practices ranging from performing crucial eye surgery to prescribing glasses and contact lenses. The course is well-structured for doctors for solving all kinds of eye problems experienced in a human body.

The course consists of basics of ophthalmology and advanced topics such as Uvea and Vitreoretinal diseases and optical nervous system. The doctors are taught to provide eye treatment based upon analyses attained through the use of medicine, surgery, diet and other therapies.

The curriculum is designed to prepare enrolled doctors in complete care of the eye, including vision services, eye examinations, medical and surgical eye operations, diagnoses, and treatment of eye diseases and other visual complications

MD Ophthalmology: Top Institutes 

Some of the leading institutes in India offering Doctor of Medicine in Ophthalmology are listed here along with the corresponding locations and fees charged.

All India Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi 5,000
Peoples University Bhopal, MP 8,205
Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University Medical College and Hospital Sangli, Maharashtra 3,00,000
Christian Medical College and Hospital Ludhiana, Punjab 60,000
Coimbatore Medical College Coimbatore, TN 3,10,000
Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences - DMIMS Wardha, Maharashtra 1,16,000
Government Medical College Surat, Gujrat 14,000
Dr. Shankarrao Chavan Government Medical College Nanded, Maharashtra 2,50,000
HM Patel Institute of Post Graduate Studies Gujarat 1,50,000
Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College Ajmer, Rajasthan 5,13,000
Mysore Medical College Mysore, Karnataka 3,45,000

MD Ophthalmology: Eligibility 

Aspiring candidates need to meet the following eligibility criteria:

  • Successful completion of MBBS from a recognized university with a minimum aggregate score of 55%.
  • Candidates with additional or equivalent diploma in MD can also apply for the course.

MD Ophthalmology: Admission Process

Candidates with an MBBS degree and possessing experience of training may appear for any of the Post Graduate Medical Entrance Tests conducted by various medical bodies, some of them being:

  • All India Post Graduate Medical/Dental Entrance Exam
  • Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research Entrance Exam
  • Separate exams conducted by AIIMS, PGI, GMCH, AFMC Pune etc.

However, some medical institutes in India also provide direct admission based on the candidate’s score at the level of MBBS, and work experience.

MD Ophthalmology: Syllabus and Course Description

A section- wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is given below.

Section I Section II
Anatomy and Physiology Ophthalmic Optics
Embryology and Anatomy Elementary Optics
Physiology of the Eye Elementary Physiological
The Physiology of Vision Optics Refraction
The Neurology of Vision Refractive Errors of the Eye
Section III Section IV
Ocular Examination Techniques and Ocular Therapeutics Diseases of the Eye
Ocular Symptomatology Diseases of the Conjunctiva
Assessment of Visual Function Diseases of the Cornea
Examination of the Anterior Segment Diseases of the Sclera
Examination of the Posterior Segment and Orbit Diseases of the Uveal Tract
Ocular Therapeutics The Lens
Ocular Microbiology The Glaucoma’s
Diseases of the Optic Nerve Diseases of the Retina
Intraocular Tumors Diseases of the Vitreous
Section V Section VI
Disorders of Motility Diseases of the Adnexa
Anatomy and Physiology of the Motor Mechanism Diseases of the Lids
Comitant strabismus Diseases of the Lacrimal Apparatus
Incomitant Strabismus Diseases of the Orbit
Section VII Section VIII
Systemic Ophthalmology Preventive Ophthalmology
Diseases of the Nervous System with Ocular Manifestations Genetic Ophthalmology
Ocular Manifestations of Systemic Disorders The Causes and Prevention of Blindness
Systemic drugs – Effects on eye Eye Banking
- Eye Camps
Section IX -
Surgical Instruments in Ophthalmology -
Surgical Instruments in Ophthalmology -
Local Anesthesia in Ophthalmology -
Lasers in Ophthalmology -

MD Ophthalmology: Career Prospects

Responsibilities of an Ophthalmologist broadly include eye disease prevention, refractive and optical services, diagnosis and management of eye diseases, and medical, surgical and rehabilitative services.

Successful postgraduates of the course are hired in capacities such as Ophthalmologist, Hospital Administrator, Clinical research associate, Consultant, Professors etc.

Listed below are some of the job titles and profiles along with the respective remunerations offered to successful postgraduates of the course.

Doctorate of Medicine in Ophthalmology

Job Title Job Profile Average Annual Salary in INR
Ophthalmologist Ophthalmologists’ primary responsibility is to deliver quality eye care. They are entrusted with the entire spectrum of comprehensive, refractive, medical and surgical eye care. 12,00,000 to 24,00,000
Assistant Professor in Ophthalmology A Professor or Assistant Professor in the field of Ophthalmology educates students on various principles and techniques of visual treatment. They train them with modern technology employed to provide complete eye care. 4,60,000 to 11,00,000
Consultant Such ophthalmologists are called when regular doctors face critical conditions with the human eye. A consultant can examine, give primary treatment, and recommend suitable medication and surgery to the parents. 7,80,000 to 12,00,000
Clinical Research Associate They collaborate with medical experts, clinical study sites and clinical study vendors to understand and innovate various devises and ways to cure and prevent problems associated with human eye and vision. 6,00,000 to 15,00,000
Hospital Administrator They are responsible for maintaining day-to-day activity and operation of a hospital or clinic. They manage care organizations and co-ordinate with all departments to ensure a smooth functioning of the medical body. 10,00,000 to 40,00,000

Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Ophthalmology) Fee Structure in India

5.83 K (Minimum Fee)PUBLIC COLLEGES54.25 L  (Maximum Fee)
3.91 L (Average Fee)
56.20 K (Minimum Fee)Private COLLEGES78.14 L (Maximum Fee)
34.66 L (Average Fee)

Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Ophthalmology) Fee Structure By state


9.04 K
6.09 LPrivate COLLEGES6.09 L
6.09 L


can a Doctor of pharmacy graduate eligible to get admission for MD opthalmology course .? or any other MD medical courses that are available specifically for pharmD students ?
Hi Aakash, generally, students applying for this course must have pursued MBBS from a recognized university.

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Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Ophthalmology) Colleges IN INDIA

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