Master of Arts (MA) Geology Eligibility, Syllabus and Scope

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Pranjal Singhal

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Stream Arts
Duration 2 years
Course Geology
Course Type Post Graduation

MA Geology is a 2- year post graduate degree program. The eligibility for which is BA Geology or any other bachelors degree with minimum aggregate marks as required by the institute. 

Top institutes offering this course:

The average course fee charged by institutes ranges from INR 2k to 50k. 

The branch of geology is defined as the study of Earth, the materials of which it is made of, the structure of those materials, and various processes acting upon them. Besides that, it also includes a detailed study of the organisms that inhabit the planet. The study of geology includes analyzing materials, organisms, structures, and processes of the Earth.

Students who have completed their graduation and have B.A. or B.Sc. degree or any other equivalent qualification in any stream with minimum 50% marks (5% relaxation for reserved categories) are eligible to apply for this course. The duration of the course is 2 years with a total of 4 semesters. 

Admission is based either on the entrance examination conducted by the concerned university or total score secured in the graduation and its conformity with a specific range of cut-off list. Some institutes may conduct a round of Personal Interview for screening the candidates. A few of them also provide direct admission considering the score obtained in graduation or the qualifying examination.

M.A. Geology: Course Highlights Table

Name of the course Master of Arts [MA] (Geology)
Course Level Postgraduate
Duration 2 years, full time
Stream Arts
Examination Type Semester System
Eligibility Graduation in any discipline from any recognized university or its equivalent with at least 50% aggregate marks
Admission Process Based on marks secured in graduation or performance in the entrance test
Average Course Fee INR 2K to 50K
Average Starting Salary INR 20K to 3 Lakhs
Top Recruiting Companies Central Ground Water Board, Non-governmental organizations, Geological Survey of India, Coal India, Oil & Natural Gas Corporation, Mineral Exploration Authority, Hindustan Zinc, BARC, Atomic Minerals Division (AMD) Oil and Infrastructure Industries

M.A. Geology- What is it About?

MA Geology is a vast branch of science comprising the study of Earth and its processes. Geology provides primary evidence for phenomena such as plate tectonics, history of life and evolution, and climatic changes. The degree course covers nearly all the aspects of geological processes ranging from minerals and rocks to glacial geology, sedimentation process, climate and weather, and others. With an aim to provide students a wide array of geological knowledge, exposure to research-oriented areas, and a thorough understanding of the practical applications of geology, the course is highly beneficial in terms of employment in private companies as well as government bodies.

The study of geology includes various sub-branches: Mineralogy (the study of minerals); Paleontology (the study of fossils); Structural Geology (the study of forces working on the earth’s crust); Geomorphology (the study of the formation of the earth’s crust with its various landforms).

Students can also look for job opportunities in fields such as engineering, mining and petroleum, and environmental research work. A fresh MA Geology postgraduate can earn an average salary of INR 2-3 LPA.

M.A. Geology: Who Should Opt for it?

MA Geology course is suitable for students who want to learn about the field of geology in order to gain a distinct understanding of the earth itself and how it came to be, its physical composition, evolutionary processes etc. Students are given advanced lessons in Ecology, Chemistry, Physics and many other subjects related to geological science. Traveling is a major part of this program, especially to conduct research and collect data.

MA Geology: Top Institutes

Given below is a list of universities that offer M.A Geology and their corresponding details:

University of Rajasthan Jaipur, Rajasthan 3,285
Nagaland University Nagaland 13,600
Chaudhary Charan Singh University Meerut, Uttar Pradesh 2,645
Rani Durgavati Vishwavidyalaya Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh 2,740
Hindu Girls College Sonipat, Haryana 1800
Kishan Lal Public College Rewari, Haryana 24,500
Rohitash Degree College Haryana 13,500

M.A. Geology: Course Duration

The duration of MA in Geology is 2 academic years spread over 4 semesters with 2 semesters in each academic year. Each semester has a set of theoretical classes, seminars and talks including a mandatory project submission in the last semester.

M.A. Geology: Eligibility

Candidates who wish to pursue the professional course of M.A. in Geology should have completed their graduation through the 10+2+3 system from a recognized university with at least 50% marks in aggregate (45% in some cases). There is a relaxation of 5% marks for those belonging to reserved categories – SC/ST/WW/Physically Challenged Categories.

Some universities demand Geology as one of the subjects in graduation with at least 45% marks scored in the subject separately.

Students in their last year of graduation are eligible to apply, provided they meet the eligibility criteria of the concerned college.

M.A. Geology: Admission Process

Admission is based either on performance in the entrance examination conducted by the concerned university or marks secured in graduation in accordance with the university admission process. However, some of the institutes require a minimum of 45-50% marks in graduation as one of the qualifying criteria to secure admission to the MA course. Selection to the degree course in such colleges is based on marks or equivalent CGPA. Thus, a merit list is prepared on the basis of marks obtained in graduation and performance in the entrance test, if any.

The last step of the admission process involves counselling wherein the students are granted admission as per marks secured either in the entrance test or at the graduation level or both.

MA Geology: Career Prospects 

M.A. Geology can open doors to a very interesting and rewarding career. Geologists can work in a variety of settings which include natural resource companies, environmental consulting companies, government agencies, non-profit organizations, and universities. Fieldwork is also a part of the job profile for many geologists, whereas others spend their time in laboratories, classrooms or offices.

Graduates can secure work in the environmental or energy industries, and some may even opt for research positions for high-profile learning institutions. Those interested in learning about the earth's history can apply their knowledge to archeological pursuits, while others may choose to take to engineering or civil work.

Options of working as a teacher or professor in the education sector and as a consultant in environment-related government organizations or oil industry are also available. They can work with various departments including remote sensing, cartography, space science, and geographic information systems. Some of these prospective industries for successful postgraduates of M.A. in Geology are listed down below.

  • Hydro Geology
  • Agricultural Areas
  • Geological Sites
  • Customer Relations Officer
  • Consultants
  • Production Seismologist
  • Professor/Lecturer
  • Cement Industry
  • Mining
  • Petroleum Sector
  • Non-Profit Organizations
  • Trainee Geologist

M.A Geology: Academic Options

Although a master's degree is required for entry-level employment, many geologists go for further studies and earn doctorate degrees. Advanced degrees like M. Phil or Ph. D provide a higher level of training, often as specialization courses in geology such as Paleontology, Mineralogy, Hydrology, or Volcanology. These advanced degree courses often qualify the geologist for supervisory positions, research assignments, or teaching positions at the university level with excellent remuneration.

Universities Offering M. Phil. in Geology

  • University of Delhi, New Delhi
  • University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala)
  • Vikram University, Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh)

Colleges Offering Ph.D. in Geology

  • Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh)
  • Central University of Karnataka, Karnataka
  • Government Arts College, Salem (Tamil Nadu)
  • Government Holkar Science College, Indore (Madhya Pradesh)
  • Gulbarga University, Karnataka
  • Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) – Hyderabad, Mumbai, Pune and New Delhi

Listed below are some of the job titles and job profiles along with their corresponding remunerations offered to successful post graduates of M.A. in Geology:

M.A in Geology

Job Title Job Profile Average Annual Salary in INR
Geologist or Geophysicist or Geohydrologist Geologists work to understand the history of the planet. The better they can understand Earth’s history, the better they can foresee how events and processes of the past might influence the future. Geologists play an important part in the study, exploration, preservation and cleaning up of the environment.  212,156 – 1,125,000
Seismologist Seismologists are geoscientists who study earthquakes and planetary activities as well as their effects, such as tsunamis. They use instruments to gather data and monitor the Earth's crust. They usually work in offices or laboratories, but may travel to sites of seismic activity. They also study the structure and composition of the earth 300,000 – 700,000
Petroleum Geologist Petroleum Geologists are primarily concerned with determining the location and amount of combustible fuel in sediments on land or in the ocean. This job requires a geologist to understand the origin of the fuel, the amount of fuel in the reservoir, the fuel's 'maturity' or concentration, the movement of fuel underground and obstacles that impede or expedite that movement. 489,757
Hydrologist Hydrologists are involved in the monitoring, management and protection of water and water resources in commercial, environmental and academic settings. Hydrologists use detailed data sources, computer modelling packages and other resources to collect, analyze and interpret data. They play a key role in ensuring the safe, sustainable and environmentally sound management of natural and domestic water resources.  500,000 – 804,000
Environmental Geologist Environmental Geologists plan or conduct geological field studies to collect data on a particular site, such as soil types, rock structure, and groundwater flows. They help prevent contamination of soil and groundwater by determining geologically safe locations for new landfills, coal ash disposal sites, and nuclear power plants.  467,000

M.A. in Geology: Course Structure and Syllabus

Listed below are all the compulsory and optional courses covered in M.A. in Geology:

Compulsory Courses

  • Principles of Mineralogy and Geochemistry
  • Structural Geology and Geotectonics
  • Igneous Petrology
  • Metamorphic Petrology 3
  • Sedimentology
  • Palaeontology
  • Economic Geology 3
  • Principles and Stratigraphy and Indian Geology
  • Geological Field Mapping
  • Geological Field Training
  • Industrial Training
  • Term Paper
  • Minor Project

Optional courses

  • Groundwater Geology
  • Petroleum Geology
  • Exploration Geophysics
  • Micropaleontology
  • Environmental Geology
  • Remote Sensing
  • Marine Geology
  • Geographical Information Science
  • Mining Geology
  • Coal Geology
  • Soil Science
  • Microtectonics
  • Planetary Geology
  • Sedimentory Basin Analysis
  • Natural Resources & Environmental management
  • Engineering Geology
  • Sedimentary Facies and Environments
  • Statistical Geology
  • Industrial Mineralogy
  • Pre-Cambrian Crustal Evolution
  • Mineral Economics
  • Climate Geology
  • Trace Element Geochemistry
  • GPR Applications
  • Digital Image Processing
  • Glaciology
  • Data Mining
  • Hydrogeological Problems & Management
  • Well Site Geology
  • Petrophysics.


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DBS PG College
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