MPhil (Master of Philosophy) Admissions, Colleges, Syllabus, Jobs and Scope 2020-21

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Sakshi Gupta

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Alert:  MPhil will no more be a bridge between Master’s and PhD in India, as it is going to be discontinued as per NEP 2020

What is MPhil?

MPhil or Master of Philosophy is a course of 2 years in India. It is a postgraduate academic research course.

MPhil eligibility criteria may be different for different colleges, but minimum of 55% should be scored in any Master's degree to pursue MPhil course.

Admission to MPhil usually takes place through merit or after qualifying entrance exams and personal interview rounds.

While DU, JNU, Jamia Millia Islamia, etc are some of the universities conducting admission tests for the admission, Amity University, Shobhit University, etc offers merit-based admissions.

Some of the Popular MPhil entrances are JNUEE, CUCET, etc.

MPhil: Key Highlights

  • MPhil Full Form: Master of Philosophy
  • Average Fees: INR 30,000 -1 LPA
  • MPhil Specializations: English, Psychology, Management, Education, Economics, etc
  • MPhil Jobs: Civil Servant, Assistant Professor, Economist, Author, Journalist, Researcher, etc
  • Average Salary: INR 5-6 LPA
  • Top Recruiting Areas: Universities, Colleges, Science centers, Statistical units, Plant Breeding centers, Equipment manufacturers, News agency, Pharmaceutical industry, Publishers, Software development etc.
  • MPhil: PhD

IGNOU, KSOU, Alagappa University, etc are some of the universities offering MPhil distance education in India.


CUCET 2020 has been postponed until further notice, considering the current of COVID-19 crisis.

The course from a distance university can be pursued within a range of INR 15,000. One needs to have a PG degree and the admission is offered both through merit and entrances.

Tabulated below are some of the top colleges offering MPhil in India, as per NIRF 2020.

NIRF Ranking 2020 College/University Name Admission Process Average Annual Fees (INR) Average Placement Offer (INR)
2 Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrances-Based 1,391 16 LPA
3 Banaras Hindu University Entrances-Based 3,256 14.75 LPA
6 University of Hyderabad Entrances-Based 8,670 13 LPA
7 Calcutta University Entrances-Based 4,400 8 LPA
c9 Savitribai Phule Pune University Entrances-Based 3,500 10 LPA

Latest Updates 2020-21

  • July 1, 2020: The counseling dates of GATE COAP 2020 Round 4 and 5 have been revised again. Moreover, the schedule of additional rounds has also been revised. Round 4 counselling result was scheduled to be released on July 1, 2020, but the revised date is July 07 - 08, 2020. Check Here
  • July 1: Delhi University recently extended summer vacations till July 31, 2020.
  • June 30: BHU UET and PET 2020 exams will now be conducted from Aug 16 to Aug 31. Check Here
  • June 30: SPPU students soon to avail of lectures online translated in Marathi. Read More
  • June 9: SPPU to hold Online Entrance Examination(OEE) for all courses in the first week of August.
MPhil Eligibility

Do I Qualify MPhil Eligibility Criteria? 

The basic MPhil eligibility is that a candidate must have passed the PG or equivalent examination from a recognized state/private/deemed or central university with at least 55% (45% to 50% for reserved category candidates) of the marks.

  • He/She shall not be having any backlog or compartment in any of the subject(s) at PG level that is yet to be cleared at the time of taking admissions.
  • Apart from the above-mentioned eligibility criteria, various colleges and institutes may have their own additional criteria which the students would have to satisfy in order to take admission.
  • In case of reserved category students, they would have to present their reservation certificates issued by the competent authorities in order to avail the benefits applicable to them.
  • Certain Institute provides admission through the Common Entrance Test (CET). Therefore, they should have applied and qualified the exam before in order to get admission in that college or university.
MPhil Admission 2020

What is MPhil Admission Process?

The process of MPhil admission 2020 course is a mix of both merit-based selection procedure and a common entrance test based admission process (as seen across various Universities and colleges in the country).

For ease of understanding, we have provided the process of admission for this course in a more detailed manner under the below-mentioned points.

  • Some Universities/Colleges conduct a Common Entrance Test (CET) for MPhil admission, hence students would have to make an application for such exams. Such universities are DU, JNU, Jamia Millia Islamia, etc.
  • There are some common MPhil entrances as well that students can sit for. Some of them are CUCET, JNUEE, etc.
  • Students should qualify these exams (for which they should be eligible to appear) in order to get admission in the course.
  • After the conduct of the test, a merit list of finally qualified candidates is prepared and candidates are invited for further admission process by the respective university or college. Usually, a personal interview or discussion takes place.
  • After the final allotment of seats to the candidate, the candidates are asked to deposit the fee for the course and register for the respective academic year.

But in many private colleges like Amity University, Shobhit University, etc., the MPhil admission process would be based on the marks obtained in their Master’s degree in a relevant subject in which a student wants to pursue his/her MPhil.

Read More

What are the Top MPhil Entrance Exams?

As mentioned earlier, many colleges conduct CET for MPhil Admission. Few common MPhil exams with details are mentioned below:

MPhi Entrance Exams Conducting Body Registration (Tentative) Exam Dates (Tentative) Exam Mode
JNUEE  Jawaharlal Nehru University March 2021 To be announced Online
VITMEE  VIT University March 2021 To be announced Online
CUCET Rajasthan Central University March 2021 To be notified later Offline
LPUNEST  Lovely Professional University June 2-July 15, 2020 July 24 & July 26, 2020 Online
GATE  Any of the IITs September-October 2020 February 2021 Online

How to get admission in a good MPhil college?

MPhil is a research degree therefore your subject knowledge should be strong in order to get a place in a good MPhil college. You should be aware of the latest news, technologies or discovery in your domain.

Apart from this, cracking respective MPhil entrances are also important for the candidates. Along with study materials, make revision notes of important points in the form of tables, charts, diagrams, etc. so that you can have a quick look and revise effectively with less time.

If mock tests and sample papers are available for those exams, then you should give as many tests possible for better performance on the day of the actual exam.

You should be well familiar with the pattern of the exam like number of questions, types of questions, etc. Tabulated below are some of the common topics for these entrances.

Research Aptitude Comprehension Logical Reasoning
Teaching Aptitude Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude People, Development and Environment 
Communication Data Interpretation Higher Education System

Apart from this, you should be an eloquent speaker in your PI round so that the panel is impressed with your confidence and your communication skills.

Note: Keep on checking the newspapers and the websites of the universities to get admission in the subject of your choice

Important Links:

Master of Philosophy Skill-Sets
MPhil Specializations

MPhil Specializations

MPhil is usually done in a relevant subject in which students have done their Masters. Following are few of the popular MPhil specializations done in India:

  • MPhil in English: This course usually involves a research-based experiment and project English literature. MPhil in English include subjects like Elizabethan, Jacobean, Victorian, Modern, Post-Modern, etc.
Average Fees INR 50,000- 60,000
Average Salary INR 4.8 LPA
Best MPhil in English Colleges in India
  • MPhil in Psychology: This course helps to understand human mind and behaviour on an advanced level. The course MPhil in Psychology covers subjects such as social development, human development and its effect on the environment, etc.
Average Fees INR 1-3 LPA
Average Salary INR 3-8 LPA
Best MPhil in Psychology Colleges in India
  • MPhil in Management: This course involves the study of advanced management subjects and their research models. MPhil in Management course aims to study advanced research studies and their applications in an organization or in the business world.
Average Fees INR 1-4 LPA
Average Salary INR 5-9 LPA
Best MPhil in Management Colleges in India
  • MPhil in Education: This course is for advanced research and studies in the education domain. MPhil in Education include subjects such as Academic Writing, Content Analysis, etc.
Average Fees INR 80,000
Average Salary INR 5-6 LPA
Best MPhil in Education Colleges in India
  • MPhil in Economics: This MPhil course is for students who want to make their career in the economics domain. MPhil in Economics includes subjects such as Contemporary Economic Issues, Issues in Indian Economy, etc.
Average Fees INR 50,000
Average Salary INR 7-15 LPA
Best MPhil Economics Colleges in India

More MPhil Specializations:

MPhil Specializations

Source: University websites and Payscale

MPhil Syllabus

MPhil Syllabus

The syllabus of MPhil course is divided into 4 (two/three in some cases) semesters spread over a span of two (1/1.5 years in certain cases) years with each year comprising two semesters. The syllabus of the course is divided into various parts and modules.

Following table shows major MPhil subjects included in the course:

Year I Year II
Philosophical Foundations of the subject Computer Applications in the domain of subject
Advanced Research Methodology and Research in the subject of study Dissertation
Analysis and domain study Viva Voce Examination
Elective subject-I Elective subject-II
Study of origin and development of the subject Exercise /Practical work
Study of relative discipline to the subject of study -
Master of Philosophy Perks
MPhil Distance Education

MPhil Distance Education

Many students prefer doing MPhil through distance education because it provides them the flexibility to study the course at their own pace. All the course material is sent via online or offline.

The eligibility to pursue MPhil distance education is to have a master degree with a decent score from a recognized university.

Admission to MPhil distance education is offered through both merit and on the basis of marks obtained in the entrances. Few colleges also ask students to submit fundamental research reports and records on the subject they want to pursue an MPhil.

The maximum duration to complete MPhil distance education is 5 years in India.

Following universities are very famous for MPhil distance education programs in India:

College Name Location Average Fees (INR)
IGNOU New Delhi 10,500
Alagappa University, Directorate Of Distance Education - [Dde] Karaikudi 14,000
Karnataka Open State University Mysore 12,500
Dr. BR Ambedkar Open University Hyderabad 12,700
MPhil Distance Education: College's Fees

Source: University Websites

MPhil JNU vs MPhil BHU

MPhil JNU vs MPhil BHU: What is the Difference?

Following table shows a comparison of pursuing MPhil from JNU vs BHU.

Parameters MPhil JNU MPhil BHU
College Overview Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) is one of India’s top-ranked universities for Post-graduate and research studies. It has received the Best University Award from the President of India in 2017. It offers MSc courses in Biotechnology, Environmental Science, Chemistry, Life Science, Mathematics Physics, etc Banaras Hindu University (BHU) is a central university situated in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. It offers MSc courses in Botany, Zoology, Chemistry, Computer Science, Mathematics, Home Science, etc.
Location New Delhi Varanasi
NIRF Ranking 2 3
Average Total Fees INR 1,391

INR 3,256
Average Placement Package INR 16 LPA INR 14.75 LPA
Top Recruiting Companies TCS, Hitachi, Barclay, Akash Institute, HSBC, TCS CTO, 3I Infotech, Zoom Tech, Spring Talent, Acxiom, Aganita, Thin CI, etc. Accenture, Blue Star, Cognizant, NIIT, PCS, HCL-Tech, Infosys, Canbay, TCS, Wipro Technologies, Yahoo, Impetus etc.

MPhil vs PhD: What is the Difference?

A lot of students get confused if they should opt directly for a PhD degree or pursue an MPhil course first. Both are research-based degrees, PhD will lead you to Doctorate qualification and MPhil will lead you to a PG qualification. Following are the major differences between them:

Parameters MPhil PhD
Main aim of Study To allow a student to master a particular subject and provide more relevant information for further research. To offer an opportunity to the student to add something new to the already existing knowledge
Duration 1.5-2 years 3-4 years. Sometimes even 5 years
Coursework Balance of theory subjects and experiments 2-3 theory subjects with a major focus on experiments and research methodology
Eligibility Graduation from any college/university with a minimum of 55% (relaxable for reserved category candidates) marks at UG level. 55% for General candidates in PG 45% for SC/ST/OBC/specially abled category in PG
Admission Process Merit-based (Based on PG percentage)/ Entrance Test based Entrance Test based/Merit-based (Based on M.Phil or equivalent percentage)
Average Fee INR 30,000 -1 LPA INR 50,000-2 LPA
Top Colleges Jawaharlal Nehru University, Banaras Hindu University, University of Hyderabad, Calcutta University, Savitribai Phule Pune University, etc Indian Institute of Technology Madras- [IITM], Chenna, Indian Institute of Science, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi- [IITD], New Delhi, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay- [IITB], Mumbai, Indian Institute of Technology - [IIT], Kharagpur, etc
Average Salary package INR 5-6 LPA INR 4-15 LPA
Job Profiles Civil Servant, Assistant Professor, Economist, Author, Journalist, Researcher, etc University professor, Industrial R&D Lab professionals, Start-Up mentors, Authors,, Senior research scientist, etc
MPhil Vs PhD: Fees and Salary

Source: University websites and Payscale

MPhil Jobs and & Scope

What After MPhil?

MPhil qualified students have plenty of options to choose from in terms of their career. One can choose from areas like Civil Services, Economics, Archeology, Geology etc. based on the area of study.

Following table shows some of the major job profiles after doing MPhil in India:

Job Profile Job Description Average Salary (INR)
Civil Servant Working in civil services involves the implementation, formulation, and execution of the government’s policy in the public domain. 8
Economist An Economist is involved in the interpretation of market dynamics in terms of economic principles. 9
NGO Worker An NGO worker can indulge in various areas of public policy implementation in order to enhance the accessibility of the government’s scheme. 3.5
Academic Researcher Work of researchers involves a variety of functions like public policy analysis, research in academics, pattern analysis, data analysis. 6
Assistant Professor This would involve a regular teaching job of teaching the subject to college-level students. There are plenty of options in the private sector as well as the government sector. 7
MPhil Salary Trend

Source: Payscale

We have already talked about major job profiles in the above section. Here, we will discuss the future scope after MPhil course completion.

  • PhD: Doctor of Philosophy or PhD is a research degree of 3-5 years in which students produce their own thesis and defend it in front of elite and reputed people of that industry. A lot of MPhil students like to go for PhD studies to go forward in their research career. Commonly pursued PhD courses are:

MPhil is a research-based degree, and students who are interested in sticking to the field of research and academic teachings can go ahead for higher studies in any of the above subjects. This will not only enhance their subject knowledge but also will bring them advanced academic opportunities.

MPhil FAQs

MPhil FAQs

Ques. What is the MPhil full form?

Ans. MPhil full form stands for Master of Philosophy.

Ques. Is MPhil and PhD the same?

Ans.No, MPhil and PhD are not the same. MPhil is master of Philosophy and PhD is Doctor of Philosophy. Although both are research-based degrees, PhD is of 3-5 years, and MPhil is of 2 years. MPhil can be called a second master's degree, but PhD is a doctorate level degree.

Check: MPhil VS PhD

Ques. Does MPhil make you a doctor?

Ans. No, getting a MPhil degree will not make you a doctor. To become a doctor, you need to either get an MBBS degree, BDS degree or PhD degree. MPhil course can be called a second master course done to get thorough knowledge and research experience in a particular subject.

Ques. How can I get admission in MPhil?

Ans. Admission can be taken in MPhil course through scores obtained in your master's degree or through entrance exam followed by a personal interview. However, this process is different for each college. Some colleges like Amity University take admission basis merit, but colleges like Panjab University take admission on the basis of entrance exams.

Ques. What is the average annual fees required to study an MPhil degree in India?

Ans. The annual average fees required to study an MPhil degree in India ranges from INR 30,000 -1 LPA.

Ques. In which subjects MPhil can be done?

Ans. MPhil can be done in subjects like:

  • English
  • Psychology
  • Management
  • Education
  • Economics
  • Physics
  • Life Sciences
  • Clinical Psychology, etc.

Ques. What is the MPhil duration in India?

Ans. MPhil duration in India is 1.5-2 years. Time duration depends on each college and their affiliation.

Ques. Is MPhil better than PhD?

Ans. Both MPhil and PhD are research-based degrees which can only be pursued if you have a master’s degree in a subject which offers MPhil or PhD course.

Ques. What is the eligibility for MPhil?

Ans. Having a Master's degree is basic eligibility to pursue MPhil. Apart from that, different colleges have different sets of eligibility criteria. Minimum 55% should be obtained to be able to pursue MPhil in a recognized college.

Ques. Are there any entrance exams for MPhil?

Ans. There are different university level entrance examinations for MPhil admission such as JNUEE, CUCET, GATE, etc.

Check more: MPhil Entrance Exams 2020

Ques. What is the average salary offered to an MPhil Holder?

Ans. The average salary offered to an MPhil Holder in India ranges from INR 5-6 LPA.

Ques. What can be after MPhil courses?

Ans. After MPhil, one can work as a Civil Servant, Economist, NGO Worker, Academic Researcher, Assistant Professor, etc. Apart from doing jobs, one can also study a PhD degree for further enhancement of subject knowledge.

Master of Philosophy [M.Phil.] Fee Structure in India

1.39 K (Minimum Fee)PUBLIC COLLEGES1.75 L  (Maximum Fee)
31.88 K (Average Fee)
1.67 K (Minimum Fee)Private COLLEGES2.42 L (Maximum Fee)
59.30 K (Average Fee)

Master of Philosophy [M.Phil.] Fee Structure By state

Tamil Nadu

10.26 K
8.50 KPrivate COLLEGES24 K
16.80 K


5.84 K
37 KPrivate COLLEGES52 K
44.50 K

Madhya Pradesh

1.75 L
60 KPrivate COLLEGES66.50 K
63.25 K


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28 Reviews found out of 177274

4.3 /10

Campus Life :

Gender ratio has increased in recent times. I can see that people have started to give priority to girls education. But comparatively, Number of girls joining the college at graduate levels still lesser then boys. There are minorities college who give preference to the cause which they have been created for. Religion, Sexual orientation and economic status are not a matter of concern. All are tested equally based on their own performance or behaviour during the academic year.

Placement Experience :

University of Mumbai itself has been worst in terms of placement of students for better jobs. Though there have been few instances when few local companies visited our college and gave job placements to students. Around 5% of students get jobs through campus placement. Institutions don't bother much About their students. All they are concerned is about getting more students everywhere so they can more money.

College Events :

Well, they do it for namesake and yes there are few faculties who put their heart into it. Gamefest. Coding. Entrepreneurship. These above are the few name, they go with. Number of participants are big in number given the country we are in. As most of the participants do take part in activities for the sake of prize money and pride they get on winning or even in participation.

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7.7 /10

Campus Life :

Our college gives many opportunities to the students to participate in various extracurricular activities. Many competitions like essay writing competition, quiz competition, drama competition, debate competition, sports competitions etc are organized in our college. These competitions are organized in our college on regular basis. I feel great by participating in all the activities and competitions.

Placement Experience :

The college has a dedicated placement cell who arranges campus interview for the students. Many IT Companies like Infotech, Hcl, Icici , Hdfc,Axis Bank, etc visit our college every year for campus recruitment. Besides IT Companies, many agricultural companies also come for campus interview. They offered average salary package of 6 lakh rupees annually.

Course Curriculum Overview :

The course curriculum was a two years course. The curriculum was good and very convenient for studying. At the end of the course, students have to present a paper based on their thesis work and have to clear a viva voce examination. The whole curriculum was based on course work, field work, viva, dissertation.

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Loan/ Scholarship Provisions :

The college provide scholarship and financial aid to the students and scholars the government of Puducherry has put into force a number of capability enhancement and development schemes there are also coaching classes for civil service examinations and entry into the service coaching for net CSIR employability skills.

Placement Experience :

The job opportunities here are really good but you need to take part in career guidance planning communication skills development personality development programs along with psychological counselling. The college also provides internship facilities with average stipend.

Admission :

I got admission into this college through applying online and the criteria for admission is your bachelor's degree marks. You need to submit an online application form through CET Once selected you need to report to the college for verification of documents

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8.3 /10

Loan/ Scholarship Provisions :

The institute offers various scholarship programs which are sponsored by both the state and the central government. This scholarship programs are extremely beneficial to all those students who belonged from economically weak background but had abundant capabilities in his or her field of study. Even students can avail loan facility.

Campus Life :

Majority of the students belonged from the middle class or higher middle class families. All of them had good mannerisms and had respect for each other. Apart from studies, our institute arranged various seminars, projects and programs on Agricultural Insects. These events gave us add on experiences which helped us in our future.

Admission :

Students who have a Masters degree from any recognized university are eligible for the course. I could apply because I was eligible. I filled the form with all the relevant documents. My name was listed in the merit list published by the institute website. So, I was granted admission.

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