Master of Science (MSc) Geography Course Admissions, Colleges, Eligibility, Distance Education, Salary, Jobs 2020-21

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Sakshi Gupta

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MSc Geography is a 2-year postgraduate program that can be pursued after completion of a bachelor's degree in geography. It is the study of the earth and its relation with humans and its effect, which usually includes the distribution of population and resources, economic and political activities.

Check the detailed MSc Geography Syllabus Structure

To apply for this program, the applicant should hold a bachelor's degree in geography with a minimum of 50% marks from a recognized university.

Key Highlights: MSc Geography

 
  • Full Form: Master of Science in Geography 
  • Duration: 2 years. 
  • Minimum Eligibility: Graduation (BSc or BA) with honours in Geography. 
  • Admission Process: Mostly Merit Based, but few colleges take entrance exams of their own. 
  • Top Entrance ExamsBHU PET, LPUNEST, JNUEE, and DU Entrance Exam 
  • Top Universities: Dibrugarh University, North Maharashtra University, Lovely Professional University. 
  • Distance Education or Correspondence: Yes
  • Top Career Prospects: Grographer, Marine Geologist, Oceanographer, GIS Analyst.

The subjects that are taught during the course of study are Geographical thoughts, Dynamic geography, Economic geography, Man & Natural environment, Quantitative techniques in geography, Climatology & oceanography, etc. Students learn skills that are quite unique like geographical information systems, cartography, etc.

Alert: The admission process for most of the MSc Geography colleges and Universities have been postponed due to the ongoing COVID-19 crisis. The application process for most of the colleges is to start in June.

This course is offered by various colleges in India. Some of the top Msc Geography colleges are listed below.

NIRF 2020 Top Colleges Ranking  Name of the Institute Admission Process Annual Course Fees Average Salary Package
5 Presidency College, Chennai   Merit-based INR 925  INR 1,56,000
41 Queen Mary's College, Chennai   Based on counseling INR 622  INR 1,80,000
94 Lady Brabourne College, Kolkata   Merit-based INR 34,267 INR 1,68,000
101-150 Nirmala College for Women, Coimbatore  Merit-based INR 2,855 INR 1,44,000
151-200 S. S Jain Subodh PG college, Jaipur  Merit-based INR 19,000 INR 4,38,000 

The average fees charged for the course is around INR 3,000 - INR 10,000 per annum in public institutes and around INR 20,000 - INR 50,000 per annum in private institutes.

After completion of the program, the graduates can work in both academic and industrial sectors. Some of the areas of employment for them in India are Pollution Control Boards, Forestry & Environmental Consultancy, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Geological Survey of India, etc.

The graduates can work as a Lecturer, Research fellow, Geographic Information systems (GIS) analyst, Geographer, Cartographer, Marine Geologists, Oceanographer, Operations Manager, Senior executive assistant, Geoscientist, Urban & Regional Planner, Climate Change Analyst, Environmental consultant, Conservation officer, Landscape architect, etc

The average MSc Geography salary of fresh graduates is expected to be INR 2.35 lakh to INR 6.5 lakh per annum.

MSc Geography Admission Process

MSc Geography Admission Process

The admissions into most of the colleges are either based on the previous academic records or through the postgraduate entrance examination conducted by the institute. The steps involved in the admission process are given below.

  • Fill the online or offline application form.
  • Upload all the documents required or send it along with the post.
  • Pay the application fees online or a demand draft in the name of the institute.
  • Merit-list of the selected students will be released in a few months, based on the marks uploaded by the students.
admision process

Read more about MSc Geography Admission Cutoffs  

MSc Geography Eligibility

The candidates who want to pursue MSc Geography should:

  • Complete a bachelor's degree, either BA or BSc, in Geography.
  • Score a minimum of at least 50% marks in their bachelor's program from a recognized university.
  • Be physically fit and healthy to be able to work in the fields.

MSc Geography Entrance Exams

No particular exam is conducted for admission into the MSc Geography. The colleges conduct their own exam or select students based on merit.

Some of the colleges based entrance exams are given in the table below.

Entrance Exam  Date of Opening of Application*  Date of Examination *
BHU PET  January 30, 2020 April and May 2020
DU Entrance Exam Application process will commence soon Not yet announced 
JNUEE March 2, 2020 Not yet notified
LPUNEST  January 16, 2020 Upto 30th June (multiple sessions, online mode) 

*Most of these exam dates and application processes have been postponed due to Covid 19.

How to Prepare for MSc Geography Entrance exams? 

  • Geography can be a very tricky subject sometimes because of its vast application of maps and locations. Remembering everything accurately can be a challenge. 
  • If the candidates want to crack the MSc Geography entrance exam, they will have to remember all the terms and names of places very accurately.

Here are some of the tips which will help students prepare for these entrance exam:

  • They should revise all the tricky chapters regularly. There are chances that they will forget the data very soon if they don't revise regularly. 
  • Try to have an upper hand on maps. Practice as much map work as you can to gain accuracy and speed.
  • Make charts and mind-maps for quick revision on a regular basis.

How to get admission in good colleges?

  • The admission into this program is purely based on merit. So to be able to get selected in the good colleges, the candidates will have to prepare beforehand. 
  • They will have to score good marks in their bachelor's program.
  • The institutes for MSc nursing will select the students based on their academic performance during the bachelor's program.
MSc Geography: What is it about?

MSc Geography: What is it about?

  • It is a postgraduate degree program of 2 years that deals with the study of earth's atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere and its relation with the people.
  • The geographers are taught both the physical properties of the earth’s surface and the human societies spread across it.
  • The students are taught to analyze the patterns in all the spheres, examine the historic and recent changes in the natural environment, and studies related to the socio-cultural aspects, resource economy, and burning problems like floods, deforestation, and environmental degradation at the regional level.
  • The course helps to develop skills in geographic information science, cartography, remote sensing, fluvial geomorphology, and world language.
  • The subjects that are taught are Regional Planning, Political Geography, Population Geography, etc.
  • The course can help the students to get jobs in both the public and private sectors.

MSc Geography Course Highlights

Course level Postgraduate
Full-form Master of Science in Geography
Duration 2 years
Examination Type University level (if exams are conducted)
Eligibility Bachelors of Science in Geography with minimum 50% marks
Admission Process Merit-based
Course Fees INR 3,000-10,000 per annum in public institutes and around INR 20,000-50,000 per annum in private institutes.
Average Salary INR 3,98,000 per annum
Areas of employment The academic and industrial sector Pollution Control Boards, Forestry & Environmental Consultancy, Indian Bureau of Mines, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Geological Survey of India, Ground Water Survey & Development Agency, Petroleum Sector, Coal industry, etc.
Job Positions Lecturer, Research fellow, Geographic Information systems (GIS) analyst, Geographer, Cartographer, Marine Geologists, Oceanographer, Operations Manager, Senior executive assistant, etc.
Why MSc Geography?

Why MSc Geography?

  • Geography is enormously an important subject. Those who chose to study this are creating a huge difference in the world we live in. They bring together the physical dimensions of the world with the human side of things and thus help to minimize the negative human impact on the environment.
  • Geographers are required to help find solutions to some of the biggest issues in the world, such as climate change, urban over-development, natural disasters, etc. With the development of human society, global issues are increasing and thus the employment opportunities are also growing exponentially.
  • There is a broad range of career options after MSc Geography like Geographic Information systems (GIS) analyst, Geographer, Cartographer, Marine Geologists, Oceanographer, Operations Manager, Senior executive assistant, etc.
  • Some of the skills learned during the course are quite unique and can also be marketed on their own, like cartographic (maps), Geographic Information Systems (Google maps), and data presentation skills.
why study msc geography
MSc Geography Vs MSc Geology

Course Comparison

The following table compares some important aspects of MSc Geology and MSc Geography course.

Parameters  MSc Geography MSc Geology
Objective  This course deals with the segregation of the earth’s surface. This course is an in-depth discipline on the study of the features of the earth on the ground level.
Overview The study in the course helps to determine the physical features, type of weather, soil, plant life, populace, land use, industries, and regional separation. The study in the course mainly explores mineral deposits, natural resources, precious gems, etc.
Course details Its subdivisions include physical geography and human geography. And these both include subjects like Biogeography, Cartography, Climatology, GIS, Geomorphology, Historical geography, Pedology, Transportation geography, and urban geography.  Its subdivisions include mineralogy, structural geology, planetology, geomorphology, geological engineering, etc.
Job Profiles The geographers can find employment in government departments, research institutes, private institutes, etc. Geologists can find employment opportunities in the Geological Survey Department, Ground Water Board, Oil and Mining Companies, and so on. 
Top Institutes  Presidency College Chennai, Queen Mary's College Chennai, Lady Brebourn College Kolkata  Loyola College, Banasthali Vidyapeeth, Nalanda Open University 
Average Annual Fees INR 3,000 to INR 50,000 INR 20,000 to INR 1,00,000
Average Annual Salary  INR 3,00,000 to INR 6,00,000 INR 3,00,000 to INR 8,00,000
MSc Geography Vs MSc Geology

Source: College Websites

MSc Geography Colleges in India

MSc Geography Colleges in India

Have a look at the table below to find which all colleges offer this course in India and what is the fee charged by them.

NIRF 2020 Top Colleges Ranking  Name of the College  Admission Process Annual course fees Average salary package
5 Presidency College, Chennai   Merit-based INR 925  INR 1,56,000
41 Queen Mary's College, Chennai   Based on counseling INR 622  INR 1,80,000
94 Lady Brabourne College, Kolkata   Merit-based INR 34,267 INR 1,68,000
101-150 Nirmala College for Women, Coimbatore  Merit-based INR 2,855 INR 1,44,000
151-200 S. S Jain Subodh PG college, Jaipur  Merit-based INR 19,000 INR 4,38,000 
Top Colleges for MSc Geography

Source: College Website 

Top Universities

The following are some universities which are not ranked by agencies but offer good curriculum in MSc Geography.

Name of the University  Admission Process Annual course fees Average salary package
Kavayitri Bahinabai Chaudhary North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon  Merit-based INR 1,000 INR 1,50,000 
Dibrugarh University, Dibrugarh  Merit-based INR 26,380 INR 3,34,000
Kanoria PG Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Jaipur  Merit-based INR 7,850  INR 2,00,000
Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar   LPUNEST INR 76,000 INR 3,81,000 
Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University, Kanpur Entrance- based  INR 24,000 INR 2,50,000
Top Universities for Msc Geography

Source: College Websites and NIRF data

College Comparison

The following table compares some of the best MSc Geography colleges in India based on their ranking, fees, etc.

Top Colleges Presidency College, Chennai Queen Mary's College, Chennai Dibrugarh University, Assam
Overview It is the first institute established by the British India Government. It is among the top colleges in India with an international reputation for education and research. It is known for its women-centered programs in humanities, social sciences, life sciences, nutrition & home management, Physical education, and Indian music. It is a leading research and innovation-driven university in north-east India.
Ranking #3 by NIRF 2019 among top colleges #40 by NIRF among top colleges #86 by NIRF 2019 among top universities
Admission Process Merit-based  Merit and counselling  Merit-based 
Annual course fees INR 925  INR 622  INR 26,380
Average salary package INR 1,56,000 INR 1,80,000 INR 3,34,000
Placement package and Annual fee for Top Three Colleges

Source : College Websites and NIRF data

Want to study MSc Geography abroad? Read more about Top Geography Colleges and Universities in the USA 

MSc Geography Syllabus

MSc Geography Syllabus

The table below describes MSc Geography syllabus in detail for all the different semesters of the course. Some of the subjects might vary from college to college as it is not fixed.

Semester Syllabus 
Semester 1 Geographical Thought I
Dynamic Geography
Economic Geography
Man and Natural Environment 
Quantitative Techniques in Geography 
Semester 2 Geographical Thought II
Climatology & Oceanography
Principles and Theory of Economic Geography
Man and Natural Environment 
Quantitative Techniques in Geography 
Semester 3 Advanced Geography in India
Agricultural Geography 
Disaster Perception and Management
Urban Geography
Regional Planning
Political Geography
Water Resource and their Management 
Research Methodology
Semester 4 Geography of Rajasthan
Agricultural Geography 
Climatology
Industrial Geography
Fundamentals of Remote Sensing
Biogeography
Water Resource and their Management
Applied Geography
MSc Geography Job Prospects and Career Options

MSc Geography Job Prospects and Career Options

MSc Geography graduates can get jobs in both the public and private sectors.

  • They can work in the field of urban and regional planning for the government.
  • They can be employed in major consulting firms, to conduct innovative social research.
  • They can work as a teacher or assistant professor in schools and colleges.
  • They can work as physical geographers, who are involved in environmental management or advising on climate change adaptation.
  • They can market their own skills as a GIS analyst, Cartographer, etc.

In government sectors the MSc Geography graduates can get jobs in Pollution Control Boards, Forestry and Environmental consultancy, Ministry of Environment and Forest, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Geological Survey of India, Ground Water Survey and Development Agency, Indian Bureau of Mines, Petroleum Sector, Coal Industry.

Some of the MSc Geography job options and their description are mentioned below:

Job Profile Job Description Average Salary
GIS Analyst They have to deal with a large set of data, processing and analyzing it into user-focused displays like maps, graphs, charts, etc. The job requires a lot of time analyzing data and mapping software. They hold extensive knowledge and experience with GIS techniques, technology, principles, and also strong proficiency with computers that may include HTML, Python, ArcGIS, and Microsoft Office Software. INR 2,47,250
Cartographer They usually create maps for businesses like logistics, that require modern and up-to-date geospatial graphical representation for field employees working in the surface, water, or air operations. The job involves working with extremely high tech equipment that creates satellite images. Through these images, they capture a variety of routing maps that can be used by the professions. INR 3,00,000
Geoscientist They conduct research on earth's different facets to explore natural resources, observe & forecast natural hazards in atmosphere & hydrosphere, investigating & modeling of earth systems, etc. They usually spend time working in the field. They plan and conduct studies that involve traveling to a specific location and collecting samples. They also use tools like aerial photographs or drilling records. INR 19,89,000 
Urban and regional planner They are typically independent contractors hired by developers, private firms, government, and private property owners. Their work is to map out, most effective use of a community's land and infrastructure, based on a number of factors. They should know and adhere to local legislation and zoning codes, they must have knowledge about the infrastructure of the area they are developing and should consider future issues like traffic, crime, and sustainability. INR 5,30,476 
High School Teacher They teach the high school students and can also work as an assistant professor in colleges and universities. INR 3,85,000
Average Salary in INR

Source: Payscale Survey 

MSc Geography Future Scope

MSc Geography Future Scope

  • The graduates can either work as a cartographer, urban & regional planner, geospatial analyst, climate change analyst, environmental consultant, conservation officer, landscape architect, teacher/ lecturer, etc, or they can continue with further studies in Ph.D.
  • They can apply for various competitive exams like UPSC and SSC, conducted by the state and central government departments. Through these exams, they can get placed in Telecom, the Educational sector, Military services, etc.
  • They can apply for the NET exam conducted by UGC to work as an assistant lecturer.
  • They can apply for probationary officer posts in various public sector banks. For this, they will have to qualify the entrance test carried out by the banks.
  • They can apply for the entrance test carried out by Railway recruitment board for the posts in Indian Railway Traffic Service and Indian Railway accounts service. 
MSc Geography FAQs

MSc Geography FAQs

Ques. Is MSc Geography a good subject?

Ans. MSc Geography is a subject that has a huge impact on the earth we live in. It is a very important subject as the geographers help to minimize the impact of human acts on earth and also provide solutions to global issues.

Ques. What is the difference between Geography and Geology?

Ans. Geography is the subject that deals with the study of the earth’s surface and its interaction with humans. Whereas geology deals with the study of earth’s crust that may include mineralogy, planetology, etc.

Ques. How are admissions conducted for MSc Geography?

Ans. No particular exam is conducted for admission into MSc Geography. The institutes that offer this program may conduct their own exam at the university level or the admissions can also be based on the previous academic records.

Ques. What are the best institutes for MSc Geography?

Ans. There are various top-ranked institutes that offer MSc Geography. Some of them are:

  • Presidency College, Chennai (#3 by NIRF 2019 among the top colleges)
  • Queen Mary's College, Chennai (#40 by NIRF 2019 among the top colleges)
  • Dibrugarh University, Assam (#86 by NIRF 2019 among the top universities)

Ques. What are the job opportunities for MSc Geography graduates?

Ans. MSc Geography graduates can get jobs in both the private and public sectors. They can also sell their own skills and be self-employed. Some of the jobs available after MSc graduates are Lecturer, Research fellow, Geographic Information systems (GIS) analyst, Geographer, Cartographer, Marine Geologists, Oceanographer, Operations Manager, Senior executive assistant, Geoscientist, Urban & Regional Planner, Climate change analyst, Environmental consultant, Conservation officer, Landscape architect, etc

Ques. What are the areas of employment for MSc Geography graduates in India?

Ans. At an industrial level, the graduates can find employment at Pollution Control Boards, Forestry & Environmental Consultancy, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Geological Survey of India, Ground Water Survey & Development Agency, Indian Bureau of Mines, Petroleum Sector, Coal industry, etc

Ques. What is the average salary expected by the MSc Geography graduates?

Ans. The average expected salary of the MSc Geography graduates is NR 2.35 lakhs to INR 6.5 lakhs per annum.

Ques. What are the skills that the students learn while studying MSc Geography?

Ans. Students learn some of the unique skills during the study of the course like Geospatial analysis, remote sensing, cartography, climate change analysis, town planning, surveying, etc.

Ques. Can a B.Tech student do MSc in Geography?

Ans. Most of the colleges usually accept BSc or BA in geography. But there are some institutes that bachelors in any discipline are accepted. Therefore B.Tech students can apply for this program.

Ques. Why is the syllabus of MSc Geography?

Ans. The syllabus of MSc Geography includes subjects like:

  • Geographical Thought 
  • Dynamic Geography
  • Economic Geography
  • Man and Natural Environment 
  • Quantitative Techniques in Geography
  • Climatology & Oceanography
  • Principles and Theory of Economic Geography
  • Advanced Geography in India
  • Agricultural Geography 
  • Disaster Perception and Management
  • Urban Geography
  • Regional Planning
  • Political Geography
  • Water Resource and their Management 
  • Industrial Geography
  • Fundamentals of Remote Sensing
  • Biogeography
  • Water Resource and their Management 
  • Applied Geography

Ques. Are there any institutes that conduct exams for MSc Geography?

Ans. Yes, there are some of the institutes that conduct exams for admission into MSc Geography, like:

  • JNU
  • DU
  • BHU

Ques. Does any institute offer distance learning for MSc Geography?

Ans. Yes, there are institutes like IGNOU which offer MSc Geography Distance Education courses.

Master of Science [M.Sc] (Geography) Fee Structure in India


890 (Minimum Fee)PUBLIC COLLEGES1.40 L  (Maximum Fee)
24.39 K (Average Fee)
5.91 K (Minimum Fee)Private COLLEGES2.60 L (Maximum Fee)
76.21 K (Average Fee)

Master of Science [M.Sc] (Geography) Fee Structure By state


West Bengal

4.01 KPUBLIC COLLEGES72.10 K
28.09 K
41.40 KPrivate COLLEGES2.60 L
1.12 L

Rajasthan

10.88 KPUBLIC COLLEGES13.40 K
11.76 K
26 KPrivate COLLEGES2.17 L
67.50 K

Tamil Nadu

890PUBLIC COLLEGES61.90 K
13.41 K
5.91 KPrivate COLLEGES5.91 K
5.91 K

Maharashtra

14.11 KPUBLIC COLLEGES25.11 K
19.62 K
7.52 KPrivate COLLEGES1.50 L
74.05 K

Haryana

5.94 KPUBLIC COLLEGES21.13 K
13.85 K
10.27 KPrivate COLLEGES68.06 K
37.01 K

Karnataka

15.46 KPUBLIC COLLEGES1.14 L
37.61 K
46.20 KPrivate COLLEGES60 K
53.10 K
10.80 KPUBLIC COLLEGES53.63 K
27.54 K
1.81 LPrivate COLLEGES1.81 L
1.81 L

Delhi NCR

5.94 KPUBLIC COLLEGES15.40 K
10.67 K
10.27 KPrivate COLLEGES68.06 K
31.54 K

Punjab

18.46 KPUBLIC COLLEGES26.82 K
22.64 K
74.38 KPrivate COLLEGES1.06 L
97.86 K

Uttarakhand

32.39 KPUBLIC COLLEGES80 K
56.20 K
45 KPrivate COLLEGES45 K
45 K

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Master of Science [M.Sc] (Geography) Colleges IN INDIA

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Kolkata, West Bengal
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Mumbai, Maharashtra
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