Master of Technology [M.Tech] (Aerospace Engineering)

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Pranjal Singhal

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Course Structure:

The course structure of M. Tech. Aerospace Engineering is designed such as to students with academic writing and research, concepts of aerodynamics and flight mechanics, aerodynamic design and advanced aerodynamic systems. The course also has various seminars and project works. The course also acquaints students with aircraft and spacecraft components in virtual environment through simulation labs and workshops.

Through this varied structure of the course, the students are well acquainted with real life and subject knowledge required in the career they opt for after the successful completion of the course.

Syllabus:

Some institutes like Defence Institute of Advanced Technology, Pune, Maharashtra, offer the course of M. Tech. Aerospace Engineering Guided Missiles and M. Tech. Aerospace Engineering Air Armament. The syllabus aims at imparting advanced knowledge to the students in the fields of design, development and quality assurance of air armaments. The syllabus for the same is as follows:

Name of the Course

Topics Covered

Description

Ballistics of Bomb and Projectiles

Basics; Internal Ballistics; External Ballistics, Ballistics of Rockets; Bomb Ballistics.

This subject deals with ballistics and gunnery, the ballistics theory and the designs of guns and military ballistics.

Air Armament Control and Guidance

Missile Controls; Mathematical Modeling; Missile Servo System; Missile Instruments; Autopilots Design; Radar Systems; Guidance System; GPS; Missile Kinematics.

A basic understanding of the design features and the design criteria and the different types of Air Launched Missiles.

Design of Air Armaments

Aerodynamics Decelerators; Design of aircraft bombs & tail units; Design of HE Bomb; Design of penetration bomb; Fuses; Guided Bombs

This paper focuses on the various designs of bombs.

Advanced Mathematics

Elementary Numerical Techniques; Advanced Numerical Techniques; Essential Transform Techniques

Introduction to advanced and higher engineering mathematics.

Materials for Defence Applications

Classification of Materials; Polymers, Types of polymers; Ceramics; Types of composites; Types of corrosions and their prevention.

Introduction to Military Metallurgy, aspects of polymer science and engineering ceramics.

Testing and Certification of Air Armament Stores

Ground Testing; Procedure and Instrumentation setup for Testing & Proof of Air Armament stores; Environmental Testing of Air Armament stores; Airworthiness Certification & Failure Investigation Procedure of Air Armament; Weapon Accuracy Analysis; Carriage & Release; Mathematical Concept of Stores Separation & Towed body; Procurement Policy; Composite Materials and polymers for AA applications

Concepts related to testing and the procedure involved in it.

Design of Air Armaments -II

Aircraft Guns; Aircraft Ammunition; Aircraft Rockets; Chaffs, flares, EAX and power cartridges; Missile Structures.

Concepts related to aircraft structures and engineering design principles. Also, analysis of automatic firing mechanisms and related components.

Warhead Design & Mechanics

Introduction to warhead; Blast warheads; Blast warheads; Fragmentation Warheads; Shaped charge warheads.

Concepts related to configuration and classification of warhead, the concepts of explosion dynamics. Principles related to fragmentation warheads and introduction to Warhead Simulation techniques.

Explosives, Propellants & Pyrotechnics

Explosives; Propellants; Pyrotechnics.

Introduction to technology of explosives, solid rocket propellant and the chemistry of pyrotechnics.

Missile Propulsion

Fundamentals of jet propulsion; Solid Propellants; Liquid Propellants; Solid propellant rockets; Liquid propellant rockets.

Understanding the classification of propulsion system, also, topics related to the classification of double base solid propellants and liquid propellants.

Systems Engineering

Conceptual system design; Introduction to engineering design and decision making; Requirements capture; Quality Function Deployment; Queuing theory; Design options; Monte Carlo modeling; Engineering microelectronics; Utility theory etc.

Concepts related to systems engineering and analysis, systems engineering management and the related principles and practice.

Airborne Weapon System Effectiveness

Basic tools and methods used in Weaponeering; Weaponeering process of air launched weapons against ground targets; Introduction to Fire Control System.

The students are acquainted with weaponeering process and the elementary statistical methods along with definitions, classifications and applications to fire control systems.

Fire Control System

Introduction to fire control system; Theoretical aspects of the FCS problems and its solution; Functional elements of FCS; Design Philosophy; Designing for reliability, maintainability, ease of operation and safety.

A deep understanding of fire control systems and a brief description of aircraft and helicopter FCS.

Flight Instrumentation

Basic concepts of measurements; Signal processing; Data transmission; Tracking and data fusion.

The basic concepts of measurement systems of physical parameters and operational amplifiers and the like. Also, concepts related to signal transmission by analog and digital means.

Finite Element Methods

Prerequisites to FEM; 1-D structural problems: Analysis of axial Bar element, Analysis of Trusses, Analysis of Beams; 2-D stress analysis using CST: Scalar field problems, Dynamic considerations; 3-D problems: Tetrahedron element - Jacobian matrix - Stiffness matrix, CAD softwares and its applications.

The course deals with the basics of Finite Elemental Methods in engineering and the three dimensional approach to structural problems, stress analysis using CST and problems.

Computational Fluid Dynamics

Basic of Computational Fluid Dynamics. Governing Equations of fluid mechanics and heat transfer, physical boundary conditions, basic aspects of Discretization, Turbulence models: mixing length model, Two equation (k-epsilon) models – Grid generation. Practicals on CFD software (FLUENT) etc.

Aspects related to computational fluid dynamics in terms of governance of equations, the finite volume formulations and the numerical methods for the Navier-Stokes equation.

Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Weapons

Nuclear Science, Nuclear weapons, Chemical & Biological Weapons.

The learning of structure of the nucleus, mass defect and nuclear reactions along with the aspects of principles and effects of nuclear weapons and different chemical warfare agents.

Top Institutes:

The course is a postgraduate level program and is quiet interesting and common and that is why, it is offered by some prestigious institutes across the country in different states. The best of these institutes are mentioned as follows:

Name of the Institute

City and State

Defence Institute of Advanced Technology

Pune, Maharashtra

Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology

Thiruvananthpuram, Kerala

Indian Institute of Technology

Mumbai, Maharashtra

Indian Institute of Technology

Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh

Indian Institute of Technology

Kharagpur, West Bengal

Indian Institute of Technology

Chennai, Tamil Nadu

Institute of Aeronautical Engineering

Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh

International Institute of Information Technology

Bangalore, Karnataka

Jain University

Bangalore, Karnataka

Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research

Bangalore, Karnataka

Karpagam University

Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu

Malla Reddy College of Engineering and Technology

Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh

Marri Laxman Reddy Institute of Technology and Management

Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh

Nirma Institute of Science and Technology

Krishna, Andhra Pradesh

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