PhD Biomedical Engineering Eligibility, Colleges, Admission, Entrance Exams, Syllabus, Jobs, Salary 2020

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What is PhD Biomedical Engineering?

What is PhD Biomedical Engineering?

PhD Biomedical Engineering or Doctor of Philosophy in Biomedical Engineering is a 3-year Doctorate Biomedical Engineering course which can be extended up to 5 years. The Biomedical Engineering program comprises a study of Tissue Engineering, Molecular or Systems-Level Biology/ Physiology and Mathematics.

While pursuing this course students get an opportunity to research the monitoring, treating, and prevention of a variety of medical conditions, including cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, spinal cord injuries, and tumor growth. 

The minimum eligibility criteria to be eligible to pursue this program is a postgraduate degree in Biomedical Engineering. Admission to this course will be done on the basis of counseling after clearing entrance tests like GATE and other depending on the colleges.

Alert: The exam dates of GATE have been announced. Check the latest updates.

Some of the Top PhD Biomedical Engineering Colleges in India are provided in the table given below: 

NIRF Engineering Ranking 2020 College Name Admission Process Average Annual Fees Average Placement Offer
2 IIT Delhi New Delhi INR 42,900 INR 8,00,000
8 IIT Hyderabad Hyderabad INR 25,095 INR 5,00,000
11 IIT BHU Varanasi INR 46,815 INR 6,50,000
25 IIT Ropar Rupnagar INR 16,300 INR 4,50,000
40 NIT Kurukshetra Kurukshetra INR 16,100 INR 4,00,000

PhD Biomedical Engineering degree holders can work as an Analytical Chemist, Toxicologist, Healthcare Scientist etc. in various industries such as Drug Manufacturing Unis, Industrial Laboratories, Health Entities etc. 

The average tuition fees for PhD in Biomedical Engineering course in Indian colleges usually ranges between INR 15,000 and INR 2,00,000 for the duration of three years.

The average salary offered to a degree holder in PhD Biomedical Engineering is around INR 4,00,000 to INR 11,00,000, but this can be higher on the basis of experience and other factors.

If students wish to do further research, they can become independent researchers and publish their research papers. They can also earn a DSc (Doctor of Science) degree in the related domain in future.

What is the PhD Biomedical Engineering Admission Process?

What is the PhD Biomedical Engineering Admission Process?

Most colleges and institutes offering PhD Biomedical Engineering course admit students based on their performance in the Master’s degree examination. However, there are some colleges which select candidates through national-level entrance examinations to judge their abilities and skill sets.

The following are the two major pathways through which a PhD Biomedical Engineering admissions takes place.

Merit-Based Admission

The step-by-step procedure for merit-based admission is as follows: 

  • Step 1: Students have to register on the official website. 
  • Step 2: Fill the application form with correct details.
  • Step 3: Students will be called for a personal interview based on their score in the qualifying examination. 
  • Step 4: On meeting all the eligibility criteria, a student will then be offered admission to the course.  

Entrance Based Admission

Most of the colleges and universities offer admission to PhD Biomedical Engineering on the basis of entrance exams like GATE, UGC NET etc.

The step-by-step procedure for entrance-based admission is as follows: 

  • Step 1: Students have to register on the official website. 
  • Step 2: Fill the application form with correct details.
  • Step 3: After examination, a cutoff list will be released on the website. Seats will then be allotted to candidates based on their scores in the entrance exam. 
  • Step 4: Some colleges also conduct personal interviews and group discussion for admission to this course. 
  • Step 5: On meeting all the eligibility criteria, a student will then be offered admission to the course.  

What is the PhD Biomedical Engineering Eligibility Criteria?

The common PhD Biomedical Engineering eligibility criteria that candidates need to fulfil to be considered eligible for admission to this course is as follows:

  • Candidates must hold a Master’s degree in Biomedical Engineering from a recognized university.  
  • Students must have obtained at least 55% marks at B.E. and M.E. /M. Tech. level.

Which are the popular PhD Biomedical Engineering Entrance Exams?

There are many national and state-level entrance exams to appear for the admission into PhD Biomedical Engineering program. Colleges like IITs and NITs offer PhD Biomedical Engineering programs that require their candidates to sit for GATE examination.

Listed below are some of these popular PhD Biomedical Engineering entrance exams.

  • GATE: GATE is a national-level exam conducted jointly by the Indian Institute of Science and IITs to select candidates for the award of PhD degree jobs or lectureship in Indian universities and colleges.

  • AP EAMCET: AP EAMCET is the state-level entrance examination held separately in the states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. The exam is conducted for admission into multiple programs, including PhD Biomedical Engineering.

The application dates, exam dates and the mode of the exam of the above mentioned exams are provided in the table below.

Exam Name Application Period Exam Date Exam Mode
GATE 2021 September 14, 2020 February 5-7 & 12-14, 2021 Online
AP EAMCET February 29 – June 30, 2020 September 17-25, 2020 Online

How to Prepare for a PhD Biomedical Engineering Entrance Exams?

The syllabus for PhD Biomedical Engineering entrance exams will vary from college to college. However, most exams concentrate on Biology and Material Science topic-oriented knowledge and skills.

  • The question paper for the entrance examination for admission to the PhD in Biomedical Engineering course generally contains Multiple Choice Questions in the following topics at M.Sc. main level: Physics, Chemistry, Life Sciences, Biotech, Calculus, Materials Science, and Principles of Design & Bio-mechanics, etc.
  • Students should know the entire syllabus of the entrance exam which they are going to give because some of these exams are purely based on science-oriented knowledge.
  • Candidates should consider buying study material or the previous year’s PhD entrance test question paper and practice them for PhD Biomedical Engineering entrance exams so that they prepare well for the same. 
  • The research proposal for the program is to be prepared and studied thoroughly.
  • Biomedical Engineering course books also constitute a good study material for these exams.

Also, read more about the GATE Exam Question Pattern, Syllabus, and Important Tips in detail. 

How to get admission to a good PhD Biomedical Engineering college?

To get admission in the top PhD Biomedical Engineering college, the following points must be kept in mind:

  • Candidates are shortlisted by the college through respective entrance exams followed by an interview.
  • The qualifying cut off marks of GATE for General category is 25.0. 
  • To get a good college for PhD Biomedical Engineering, appearing for the GATE exam is the best way and for some of the colleges’ GATE is also considered good to approach.
  • A few private institutes are there offering the course to admit students based on their performance in a relevant entrance test followed by a round of Personal Interview.
  • Getting into a good college for the admission in PhD Biomedical Engineering program, candidates need to score well in the respective entrance exams.
  • Candidates should put their time and effort into the entrance test as well as be prepared for a personal interview round.
  • They should be well versed with their research topic so that they can impress the interview panel with their research idea. 
PhD Biomedical Engineering: What is it about?

PhD Biomedical Engineering: What is it about?

Information and details about the PhD Biomedical Engineering program are as follows.

  • Biomedical Engineering involves the application of engineering principles and methods to define and solve problems in medicine and biology.
  • This PhD program comprises a study about Tissue Engineering, Molecular or Systems-level Biology/ Physiology and Mathematics.
  • Candidates of this program invest their knowledge in Engineering, Biology and Medicine to healthcare and medical device industries. 
  • This is a definite field that embraces Biology, Life Sciences, Engineering Disciplines, Medicine, Clinical Applications and the improvement of human health.
  • Candidates can opt Biomedical Engineering for the service to people, for the challenge of working with living systems and to apply advanced technology to problems of health care delivery.
  • Biomedical Engineering careers can be found in industrial, health care, academic, private laboratory, and government settings. 

PhD Biomedical Engineering Course Highlights

Highlights for PhD Biomedical Engineering program are provided in the table given below:

Course Level Doctorate
Full Form Doctor of Philosophy in Biomedical Engineering
Duration 3 - 5 years
Examination Type Semester-based
Eligibility Post-graduation in Biomedical Engineering with a minimum of 55%
Admission Process Merit/ Entrance-Based
Average Annual Course Fee INR 15,00,000 - INR 2,00,000
Average Annual Salary INR 4,00,000 - INR 11,00,000
Top Recruiting Companies Wipro Biomedical, BPL Healthcare, Instromedix Pvt. Ltd, EMCO Medical Pvt. Ltd, Biomedics, Medex India Ltd, Ranbaxy Diagnostics, Nexus Health Systems, Claris Lifesciences Ltd, etc.
Job Profiles Healthcare Scientist, Research Scientist (Life Sciences), Biomedical Scientist, Analytical Chemist, Clinical Biomedical Engineering, Clinical Research Associate, Forensic Scientist, Physician Associate, Scientific Laboratory Technician, Toxicologist, etc.
Area of Employment Public Health Entities, Educational Institutes, Environmental Pollution Control, Drug Manufacturing Companies, Hospitals, Blood Service, Industrial Laboratories, Cancer Research Institutes, Research Departments, Agriculture and Fisheries, Forensic Science, Public Health Laboratories, Cosmetic Industries, etc.

Why study PhD Biomedical Engineering?

The goal to attain a PhD in Biomedical Engineering degree will depend on each individual’s aspirations and goals. Some of the reasons to pursue this course are as follows.

  • A good experience in electrical, mechanical, and materials engineering, coupled with life sciences platforms will allow students to create new tools, processes, and implementations that provide solutions to more complex medical and health-related problems.
  • PhD degree holders can have the capability to analyze difficult life sciences-related issues and create solutions for the future.
  • It emphasizes a balance of Biomedical Engineering and life science study with a focus on clinical and industrial applications. Graduates have prepared to become industry leaders, especially in the medical device industry, and provide a network of professionals within the community.
  • Biomedical Engineering plays an important role in a wide variety of areas. These professionals can range from other Scientists to Engineers, to marketing and Sales Teams, to Legal Professionals, and everyone in between.
  • On completion of this course, students can easily get an average salary package ranging between INR 4,00,000 and INR 11,00,000 per annum. 
PhD Biomedical Engineering vs PhD Biomedical Sciences

PhD Biomedical Engineering Course Comparison

PhD Biomedical Science is a course similar to PhD Biomedical Engineering. Some of the points of difference between these two courses are provided below:.

PhD Biomedical Engineering vs PhD Biomedical Sciences

PhD Biomedical Engineering deals with the processing of medical data including imaging and enhancement techniques whereas PhD Biomedical Sciences is the study of using high-quality computers for detecting and treating the biological diseases.

Check the list of Top PhD Biomedical Sciences Colleges in India

Check the table below for more comparative details:

Parameters PhD Biomedical Engineering PhD Biomedical Science
Full Form Doctor of Philosophy, Biomedical Engineering Doctor of Philosophy, Biomedical Science
Duration 3 – 5 years 3 years
Eligibility Post-graduation in Biomedical Engineering with a minimum of 55% Master’s Degree with a minimum of 50%
Exam Type Semester-based Semester-based
Admission process Entrance/ Merit-based Entrance/ Merit-based
Job Profiles Healthcare Scientist, Research Scientist (Life Sciences), Biomedical Scientist, Analytical Chemist, Clinical Biomedical Engineering, Clinical Research Associate, Forensic Scientist, Physician Associate, Scientific Laboratory Technician, Toxicologist, etc. Biomechanics Engineer, Clinical Engineer, Biomedical Officer, Patent Analyst, Packaging Officer, Research Assistant, etc.
Area of Employment Public Health Entities, Educational Institutes, Environmental Pollution Control, Drug Manufacturing Companies, Hospitals, Blood Service, Industrial Laboratories, Cancer research institutes, Research Departments, Agriculture and fisheries, Forensic Science, Public Health Laboratories, Cosmetic Industries, etc. Clinics, Hospitals, Pharmaceutical Companies, Medical Institutes, Manufacturing Units, Government Agents, Medical Equipment Manufacturing Companies, etc.
Average Annual Course Fees INR 15,000 - INR 2,00,000 INR 10,000 - INR 2,00,000
Average Annual Salary INR 4,00,000 - INR 11,00,000 INR 2,00,000 - INR 10,00,000
Phd Biomedical Engineering Vs Phd Biomedical Science

Source: College Websites

Which are the top PhD Biomedical Engineering Colleges?

Which are the top PhD Biomedical Engineering Colleges?

The table below shows the best PhD Biomedical Engineering colleges and universities that offer the course in a full-time mode.

NIRF Ranking 2020 Name of College Location Average Annual Fees Average Annual Placement Package
2 IIT Delhi New Delhi INR 42,900 INR 8,00,000
8 IIT Hyderabad Hyderabad INR 25,095 INR 5,00,000
11 IIT BHU Varanasi INR 46,815 INR 6,50,000
25 IIT Ropar Rupnagar INR 16,300 INR 4,50,000
40 NIT Kurukshetra Kurukshetra INR 16,100 INR 4,00,000
49 North-Eastern Hill University Shillong INR 13,350 INR 4,00,000
67 NIT Raipur Raipur INR 28,000 INR 5,00,000
85 PSG College of Technology Coimbatore INR 14,000 INR 7,24,000
151 Vinayaka Missions University, Salem Salem, Tamil Nadu INR 41,000 INR 6,87,000
_ Manipal Academy of Higher Education Manipal INR 59,000 INR 7,50,000
Comparison of Average Annual Salary

Source: College Websites

PhD Biomedical Engineering College Comparison

The tabulation below depicts the comparison made among the three top PhD Biomedical Engineering colleges in India.

Parameter IIT New Delhi IIT Hyderabad IIT BHU
Objective IIT New Delhi is a public technical and research university, established in 1961 is one of the oldest universities in the country. This is one of the best colleges for a PhD program. IIT Hyderabad started functioning in 2008 that is one of the prime universities of India that offers PhD courses among other study programs. IIT BHU is a public technical and research university, established in 1919, it has students from around the country. Its PhD program is highly ranked among other research programs.
Location New Delhi Hyderabad Varanasi
NIRF Ranking 2020 2 8 11
Average Annual Fee INR 42,900 INR 25,095 INR 46,815
Average Annual Placement Package INR 8,00,000 INR 5,00,000 INR 6,50,000
Top Companies Visited Microsoft, Mastercard, Societe Generale, Uber, Denso Japan, TSMC Taiwan, HCL, Flipkart, C-Dot, EXL, IBM, Qualcomm, etc. Infosys, Dell, Deloitte, Microsoft, AMD Bangalore, Amazon, Oracle, etc. Aditya Birla, BOSCH, Capgemini, CGI, TCS, UTC, EMC, HIL, etc.
College comparison

Source: College Websites

What is the Syllabus of PhD Biomedical Engineering?

What is the Syllabus of PhD Biomedical Engineering?

Although the PhD in Biomedical Engineering program syllabus varies from college to college, it mostly consists of some common foundation courses that students can select based on their interests.

The common subjects that are included in the structured PhD Biomedical Engineering syllabus are provided in the table given below: 

Subjects of Study
Biomedical Instrumentation
Biomedical Imaging Systems
Biomechanics
Signal Processing
Image Processing
Computer Graphics
Design of Algorithms and Data Structures

Which books to study for PhD Biomedical Engineering?

Tabulated below are some of the PhD Biomedical Engineering subject books that can help students to have a broader and better understanding of the course: 

Name of the Book Author
Fundamentals of Biomechanics Duane V Knudson
Biomedical Image Analysis Rangaraj M Rangayyan
Medical Imaging Systems Albert Macovski
Biomedical Instrumentation R S Khandpur
Biomedical Electronics & Instrumentation G S Sawhney
What are Job Prospects and Career Options after PhD Biomedical Engineering?

What are Job Prospects and Career Options after PhD Biomedical Engineering?

After getting a degree in this field, a candidate can get a variety of jobs to choose from. It will be easy for them to work for the government and private organizations and many other sectors. They can also choose to teach as a professor or a lecturer in colleges or universities.

  • PhD Biomedical Engineers can find employment at academic institutions and in high-level research and development positions in industry and other institutions.
  • PhD degree holders in Biomedical Engineering seek positions in various sectors as a  Professor, Research and Development Engineer in areas such as Bioinstrumentation, Biomaterials, Biomechanics, Tissue Engineering or Rehabilitation Engineering and Consulting Engineer in the public and private sector.
  • Candidates who have completed PhD in Biomedical Engineering program can be hired as Biomedical Scientist, Healthcare Scientist, Research Scientist (Life Sciences), Analytical Chemist, Clinical Biomedical Engineering, Clinical Research Associate, Forensic Scientist, Physician Associate, Scientific Laboratory Technician, Toxicologist etc.

Tabulation below shows some of the most common PhD Biomedical Engineering job profiles and career prospects after completing the course are as follows.

Job profile Job Description Average Annual Salary
Clinical Scientist Clinical Scientists work towards the advancement of knowledge in Biomedical Research, Medicine and the processes that drive and support living organisms. They are also considered as medical scientists working in hospitals, laboratories, research centers, institutes, universities, and clinics. INR 5,25,000
Biotechnologist These professionals analyze samples from various sources to provide quantities of compounds present or information on compounds INR 3,00,000
Chemist They help develop products such as drugs, synthetic fibers, and cosmetics. Chemists can create and improve processes and products such as cosmetics, electronics, and drugs. INR 6,00,000
Research Scientist Usually, they work in almost every area of science imaginable. They plan and perform experiments and investigations in a range of areas, including Geoscience, Medical Research, Meteorology, and Pharmacology. INR 4,50,000
Pharmaceutical Sales Representative They learned to combine the knowledge of medical drugs and treatments to generate sales for pharmaceutical companies with their interpersonal skills. They are coordinating meetings with doctors and medical staff by visiting hospitals, healthcare facilities, and pharmacies to present a product or treatment. INR 7,50,000
Average Annual Salary Vs Job Profile

Source: College Websites

What are the Future Scopes of PhD Biomedical Engineering?

What are the Future Scopes of PhD Biomedical Engineering?

PhD degree is a doctorate level degree and is the highest educational degree one can earn in the country. Generally one does not pursue further studies post completion of the PhD Biomedical degree.

Employability is high and graduates are hired quickly upon completion of their degree in high pay job profiles. With this knowledge, there is no limit to learning and knowledge.

  • They have teaching jobs in colleges/universities after this course and then clearing the UGC-NET exam required for becoming a permanent lecturer.
  • They have many jobs in hospitals, medical equipment manufacturing units, industrial firms, educational and medical institutions, pharmaceuticals, government regulatory agencies, and so on.
  • Students can also opt for a DSc (Doctor of Science) degree in any related field. 
  • After gaining adequate experience in the related field, biomedical engineers can work with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
  • Once you finish your PhD you can also be qualified for lecturer post in biomedicine and also to teach in colleges and universities with UGC scales.
PhD Biomedical Engineering FAQs

PhD Biomedical Engineering FAQs

Some of the most frequently asked questions pertaining to the PhD Biomedical Engineering program are as follows: 

Ques. What is the full form of PhD Biomedical Engineering? 

Ans. The full form of PhD Biomedical Engineering is Doctorate of Philosophy in Biomedical Engineering. 

Ques. What are the top colleges for the PhD Biomedical Engineering program?

Ans. The top institutes and colleges offering PhD Biomedical Engineering course are IIT New Delhi, IIT Hyderabad, IIT BHU, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, IIT Ropar, NIT Raipur and many more. 

Ques. Which job profiles are available for PhD Biomedical Engineering degree holders?

Ans. Students of PhD Biomedical Engineering can work as a Biomedical Scientist, Healthcare Scientist, Research Scientist (Life Sciences), Analytical Chemist, Clinical Biomedical Engineering, Clinical Research Associate, Forensic Scientist, Physician Associate, Scientific Laboratory Technician, Toxicologist etc.

Ques. What is the annual average tuition fee charged for the PhD Biomedical Engineering program in Indian Universities/ Colleges? 

Ans. The average annual tuition fee in the top PhD Biomedical Engineering colleges ranges between INR 15,000 and INR 2,00,000.

Ques. What is the scope after a PhD Biomedical Engineering degree?

Ans. Candidates can have jobs in a wide range of fields such as in hospitals, medical equipment manufacturing units, industrial firms, educational and medical institutions, pharmaceuticals, government regulatory agencies and so on.

Ques. What is the average salary for students holding a PhD Biomedical Engineering degree?

Ans. The average annual salary ranges between INR 4,00,000 and INR 11,00,00as per the job profile.

Ques. What are the areas of employment in the PhD Biomedical Engineering field?

Ans. Several areas of employment are there such as Public Health Entities, Educational Institutes, Environmental Pollution Control, Drug Manufacturing Companies, Hospitals, Blood Service, Industrial Laboratories, Cancer research institutes, Research Departments, Agriculture and fisheries, Forensic Science, Public Health Laboratories, Cosmetic Industries etc.

Ques. What is the eligibility criteria for admission to a PhD Biomedical Engineering course? 

Ans. Candidates must hold a Master’s degree in relevant discipline from a recognized university in order to be considered eligible for admission to this course. 

Ques. When can I apply to GATE 2021? 

Ans. The application process of GATE 2021 will commence from September 14, 2020. Interested candidates can apply for the same in the online mode. 

Ph.D. (Biomedical Engineering) Fee Structure in India


23 K (Minimum Fee)PUBLIC COLLEGES1.29 L  (Maximum Fee)
61.84 K (Average Fee)
59 K (Minimum Fee)Private COLLEGES4.72 L (Maximum Fee)
2.90 L (Average Fee)

Ph.D. (Biomedical Engineering) Fee Structure By state


Tamil Nadu

76.25 KPUBLIC COLLEGES76.25 K
76.25 K
3.65 LPrivate COLLEGES3.65 L
3.65 L

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