Doctor of Philosophy in Botany Top Colleges, Syllabus, Scope and Salary

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Pranjal Singhal

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Ph.D. in Botany is 3-year doctorate degree in Botany. Botany is a branch of biological science that focuses on the study of plants and how they survive and interact with other living and nonliving components of the environment. At undergraduate and graduate levels, the curriculum of the course typically consists of lecture-based lessons, lab sessions, and field research. Doctoral programs however, focus more on research.

Eligible candidates aspiring to pursue the course need to have attained a Master’s degree in the relevant discipline with a minimum aggregate score of 55% (50% for SC/ST/PH candidates) or an equivalent grade from a recognized university/institute of higher learning, besides a 5-year teaching/ industry/ administrative/ professional experience at a senior level.

Such postgraduates are hired in capacities such as Mycologist, Administrator, Ecologist, Fruit Grower, Plant Biochemist, Forester, Researcher, etc.

The average tuition fee charged for the course in India ranges between INR 2,000 and 8 Lacs for a span of 3 years. Such professionals in India are offered an average annual salary ranging between INR 15,000 and 80,000, with the pay scale varying across private and government sectors, and depending on factors such as the candidate’s qualification, designation, experience and skillset.

Ph.D. in Botany: Course Highlights

Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course.

Course Level Doctorate
Duration 3 years
Examination Type Semester System
Eligibility Post Graduation
Admission Process Based on short-listed candidates’ performance in the round of interview.
Course Fee INR 2,000 to 8 Lacs
Average Starting Salary INR 1.5 to 6 lacs per annum
Top Recruiting Companies Biotechnology Firms, Seed And Nursery Companies, Plant Resources Laboratory, Educational Institutions, Plant Health, Inspection Services, Oil Industry, Arboretum, Forest Services, Land Management Agencies, National Parks, Chemical Industry, Food Companies, Biological Supply Houses, etc.
Job Positions Mycologist, Administrators, Ecologist, Fruit Growers, Plant Biochemist, Forester, Researchers, and such.

Ph.D. in Botany: What is it about?

The discipline’s coursework primarily allows students to conduct independent research. Doctorate scholars may also enroll to graduate-level courses focused on more advanced concepts in Botany. The course’s curriculum typically covers the following components of study:

  • Foundations of medicine
  • Biomedical research
  • Nomenclature
  • Biological conservation

The course is designed for scholars interested in studying on an advanced level about animal behavior, evolutionary trends, species, characteristics, and the structure, functioning, behavior, and evolution of animals, including living beings.

Popular areas of employment for such scholars would include biotechnology firms, seed and nursery companies, plant resource laboratories, educational institutions, plant health inspection services, oil industry, arboretum, forest services, land management agencies, national parks, chemical industry, food companies, biological supply houses, etc.

They may also choose to work as teachers/ lecturers in schools and colleges, often upon qualifying the NET.

Ph.D. in Botany: Who should opt?

Ideal candidates for the course would possess:

  • data-handling skills such as recording, collating, and analyzing data using appropriate techniques and equipment.
  • written communication skills
  • presentation and oral communication skills such as to present research findings and make presentations in a clear, succinct way.
  • project management skills, such as organizing and undertaking research projects, experiments, etc. (including budgeting, contingency planning, and time management).
  • good understanding of information technology
  • ability to work both independently and as part of a team.

Top Institutes offering Ph.D. in Botany

Listed below are some of the top institutes in India that offer the course.

Name of Institute City  Average Fees
Loyola College, Chennai Chennai INR 7,200 (course)
Christ University Bangalore INR 51,667 (course)
Presidency College, Chennai Chennai INR 2,695 (course)
Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda College, Chennai Chennai INR 2,205 (course)
Jadavpur University, Kolkata Kolkata INR 2,388 (course)
Indian Institute of Technology - [IIT], Kanpur Kanpur INR 28,044 (course)
The Northcap University - [NCU], Gurgaon Gurgaon INR 72,000 (course)
Shiv Nadar University - [SNU], Greater Noida Greater Noida INR 1,23,000 (course)
Birla Institute Of Technology - [Bit Mesra], Ranchi Ranchi INR 59,000 (course)
Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University, Kanpur Kanpur INR 53,000 (course)
Periyar Maniammai University - [PMU], Thanjavur Thanjavur INR 18,000 (course)
Central University of Jharkhand - [CUJ], Ranchi Ranchi INR 24,967 (course)
Cochin University of Science and Technology - [CUSAT], Kochi Kochi INR 5,538 (course)
Centurion University of Technology and Management - [CUTM], Bhubaneswar Bhubaneswar INR 73,333 (course)
Manav Rachna International University - [MRIU], Faridabad Faridabad INR 75,000 (course)
IFTM University, Moradabad Moradabad INR 40,000 (course)
Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith - [MGKV], Varanasi Varanasi INR 10,100 (course)
GLA University, Mathura Mathura INR 67,500 (course)
Khalsa College, Amritsar Amritsar INR 30,000 (course)
Banaras Hindu University - [BHU], Varanasi Varanasi INR 6,627 (course)
KR Mangalam University, Gurgaon Gurgaon INR 65,000 (course)
Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University - [RTMNU], Nagpur Nagpur INR 30,833 (course)

Eligibility for Ph.D. in Botany

As a minimum criterion of eligibility, aspiring candidates need to meet the following minimum eligibility criteria:

  • Postgraduate degree in a relevant discipline, completed from a recognized institute/university.
  • A minimum aggregate score of 55% (50 % for SC/ST candidates) or equivalent grade at the level of post-graduation.
  • At least 5 years of teaching/ industry/ administrative/ professional experience at a senior level.

 Ph.D. in Botany: Admission Process

Admission to the course in India is made on the basis of the candidate’s performance in a relevant written test and/or a round of Personal Interview and/or performance in a relevant qualifying examination. Candidates are shortlisted based on both academic record and performance in a relevant nation-wide screening test, such as:

  • CSIR NET- which is conducted twice a year. Qualifying candidates can apply for government-funded scholarship to pursue the course.

  • DBT- which is a national-level entrance examination conducted for supporting shortlisted candidates in pursuing advanced research work in the discipline.
  • UGC NET- also conducted for supporting shortlisted candidates in pursuing advanced research work in the discipline.

Ph.D. in Botany: Syllabus and Course Description

A semester-wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated here.

Semester I

Semester II

Research Methodology Taxonomy, Biodiversity & Conservation
Research Proposal Recent advances in Ecology
Recent advances in Plant Physiology Trends in Biotechnology
Recent advances in Mycology and Plant Pathology -

Ph.D. in Botany: Career Prospects

For successful Botanies, careers opportunities abound in the discipline, in capacities such as Soil and Plant Scientist, Biophysicist and Biochemist, Biological Technician, Environmental Scientist and Specialist, Mycologist, Plant Breeder, and Horticulturist.

Botany involves observation and also management of fossils, living plants, and their relationship with nature. Specializations in the discipline include Taxonomy, Physiology, and anatomy of plants and their life processes.

Some of the popular professional avenues open to such postgraduates are listed below with the corresponding job descriptions and salaries offered for the respective positions.

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Botany
Job Position Job Description Average Annual Pay Scale in INR
Taxonomist Taxonomists research about, and sub-divide types of plants into classifications, subsequent to observing their species and grouping them based on similitudes. 4,80,000
Agronomist Agronomist are soil and plant researchers who work to enhance the yield of field crops like grain and cotton. They develop techniques that help farmers in creating more yield and avoiding harvest-failures. 6,45,000
Ecologist Ecologists observe and research on plants’ relationship and behavior with the soil and with other living beings. They research on the biological categories of plants with the objective of explaining their life phenomena. 6,70,000
Mycologist Customarily, Mycologists consider growth patterns and how harming living beings harms vegetation. Mycologists are a kind of Microbiologists that observe and analyze microscopic organisms and green growth in relation to microorganisms. 6,60,000
Plant Breeder Plant Breeders apply customary hybridizing and crossbreeding methods, instead of hereditary building, to enhance plants for human use, with focus on nature’s conservation. Plant Breeders are a type of Plant Geneticists, and Geneticists work directly in the science of plant genomes. 5,50,000

Ph.D. (Botany) Fee Structure in India

8.36 K (Minimum Fee)PUBLIC COLLEGES2.04 L  (Maximum Fee)
64.79 K (Average Fee)
26 K (Minimum Fee)Private COLLEGES10.50 L (Maximum Fee)
2.43 L (Average Fee)

Ph.D. (Botany) Fee Structure By state


71.13 K
60 KPrivate COLLEGES2.25 L
1.38 L

Tamil Nadu

71.47 K
45 KPrivate COLLEGES55.15 K
50.13 K

Uttar Pradesh

22.27 K
26 KPrivate COLLEGES10.50 L
3.37 L


56.90 K
1.79 LPrivate COLLEGES3.77 L
2.53 L

Madhya Pradesh

82.02 K
71 KPrivate COLLEGES3.56 L
2.48 L

Delhi NCR

48.50 K
2.82 LPrivate COLLEGES3.65 L
3.11 L

West Bengal

28.09 K
53 KPrivate COLLEGES3 L
1.76 L


69.20 K
95 KPrivate COLLEGES95 K
95 K


1.76 L
1.82 LPrivate COLLEGES3.14 L
2.35 L


48.50 K
2.85 LPrivate COLLEGES3 L
2.92 L


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2 Reviews found out of 177278

8.5 /10

Remarks :

Staff members are very cooperative and University is near to my house and facilities are good. In this university we can gain informative knowledge, our campus is very big and in this campus every subject faculty as well as course is provided.

Placement Experience :

No placement and job opportunities are provided by college authority. College also doesn't provide any stipend to students who qualify net so in this way no job opportunities in this university. So no scope of job here.

College Events :

Campus organizes events, workshops, seminars are also organised, e certification courses are also going on during covid 19 so that students can utilise their time and got benefits from this workshop and courses.

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