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GATE Civil Engineering Exam Pattern 2022, Marking Scheme

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Nikkil Visha

Exams Prep Master | Updated On - Aug 14, 2021

According to GATE Civil Engineering Exam Pattern 2022, the paper is divided into three different sections namely, General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics, and Civil Engineering. The civil engineering section/ core syllabus carries the maximum weightage of 70% of the total marks. The rest of the weightage is given to general aptitude and engineering mathematics each carrying about 15% weightage of the total exam. Check GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus 

  • Candidates who apply for GATE 2022 can choose from Architecture and Planning (AR) and Environmental Science and Engineering (ES), Aerospace Engineering (AE), Geomatics Engineering (GE) and Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering (NM) for their second paper. 
  • GATE 2022 Civil Engineering paper comprises MCQs, MSQs, and NAT questions. There is no negative marking for NAT questions. The students can send their GATE 2022 scores to various IITs, NITs, and PSUs for admissions. 

Read the article to know more about GATE Civil Engineering Exam Pattern 2022, Marking Scheme, Weightage, Sample Questions, and much more. 

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GATE CE Exam Pattern Highlights

GATE Civil Engineering Exam Pattern 2022 Highlights 

  • GATE Civil Engineering is divided into 3 sections and consists of 65 questions.
  • The exam duration of GATE CE 2022 will be 3 hours. 
  • The students up to any age limit can appear for GATE CE 2022.
  • There is no attempt limit in GATE CE 2022. The students can appear for the exam multiple times. 
Civil Engineering Paper Code CE
Exam Mode Online
Language English
Total Marks 100
Number of Questions 65
Types of Questions MCQs, MSQs, and NAT
Number of Sections 3 (General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics, Civil Engineering Subject Questions)
Weightage by Section General Aptitude – 15% of total marks Engineering Mathematics – 13% of total marks Civil Engineering Subjects – 72% of total marks
Total Time Duration 3 hours (180 minutes)
Sectional Time-Limit None
Marks Awarded 1 or 2 marks per correct answer.
Negative Marking
  • MCQs: 1/3rd Mark will be deducted for incorrect answers for 1 marks questions and ⅔ marks will be deducted for 2 marks questions. 
  • MSQs: No marks will be deducted for incorrect answers.
  • NAT: No marks will be deducted for incorrect answers.
GATE CE Exam Pattern

GATE Civil Engineering Exam Pattern 2022 

The subject wise weightage in GATE CE paper is:

Discipline Subject Number of Questions Marks
Civil Engineering (CE) Engineering Mathematics 10 13
General Aptitude 10 15
Civil Engineering Subjects 45 72
Total 65 100

Check detailed GATE Exam Pattern 2022 

GATE CE Marking Scheme

GATE Civil Engineering Marking Scheme 2022

Type of question Negative marking for wrong answer Marking for correct answer
  • 1/3 for 1 mark questions.
  • 2/3 for 2 marks questions.
1 or 2 marks
MSQs No negative marking  1 or 2 marks
NATs No negative marking  1 or 2 marks

GATE Civil Engineering Exam Pattern 2022: Type of Questions: 

  • GATE CE will primarily consist of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) and Numerical Answer Type (NAT) questions.
  • MCQs are objective questions that carry 1 or 2 marks in all sections. Every question will have 4 choices out of which only 1 is the correct answer.
  • NAT questions carry 1 or 2 marks in all sections. The answers to these questions are numerical values that are to be entered using a virtual keypad. No choices are given for these questions.
  • In MSQs, questions will have a choice of four answers. Out of which, one or more than one choice(s) are correct.

Also Check GATE Result

Subject Wise Weightage

GATE Civil Engineering Subject Wise Weightage

Given below is the weightage of the important topics. The students need to check out the same and hence commence their GATE Preparation accordingly.

Topic Weightage (Marks)
Numerical Ability 8
Verbal Ability 7
Engineering Mathematics  10
Engineering Mechanics 1
Construction Materials & Management 6
Steel Structure 5
Soil Mechanics  15
Fluid Mechanics & Hydraulics 8
Hydrology & Irrigation 5
Water & Wastewater 10
Transportation Engineering 11
Geomatics Engineering 5
Weightage of Different Sections

Weightage of Different Sections in GATE Civil Engineering 2022 

Based on the data of previous years the sectional weightage of important topics is provided below:

Section 1 – General Aptitude

Section Topics Weightage
Set 1 Set 2
Numerical Ability Numerical computation 8 8
Numerical estimation
Numerical Reasoning and Data Interpretation
Verbal Ability English Grammar 7 7
Verbal Analogies
Total 15 15

Section 2 – Engineering Mathematics

Section Topics Weightage
Set 1 Set 2
Engineering Mathematics Linear Algebra 10 12
Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE)
Partial Differential Equation (PDE)
Probability and Statistics
Numerical Methods
Total 10 12

Section 3 – Civil Engineering Subjects

a.Structural Engineering

Section Topics Weightage
Set 1 Set 2
Structural Engineering Engineering Mechanics 1 0
Solid Mechanics
Structural Analysis 6 3
Construction Materials and Management
Concrete Structures
Steel Structures 5 4
Total 12 7

b.Geotechnical Engineering

Section Topics Weightage
Set 1 Set 2
Geotechnical Engineering Soil Mechanics 15 14
Foundation Engineering
Total 15 14

c.Water Resources Engineering

Section Topics Weightage
Set 1 Set 2
Water Resources Engineering Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics 8 7
Hydrology 3 4
Irrigation 2 1
Total 13 12

d.Environmental Engineering

Section Topics Weightage
Set 1 Set 2
Environmental Engineering Water and Wastewater 10 12
Air Pollution and Noise Pollution
Solid Waste Management
Total 10 12

e.Transportation Engineering

Subject Weightage
Set 1 Set 2
Transportation Engineering 11 11

f.Geomatics Engineering

Subject Weightage
Set 1 Set 2
Geomatics/Surveying 5 5

Check GATE Civil Engineering Paper Analysis

Nature of GATE CE Questions

Nature of GATE Civil Engineering Questions 2022

Based on Facts & Laws

  • These kinds of questions have their basis in known principles, facts, laws, or formulae on civil engineering discipline. 
  • You will be expected to answer these questions from your memory or a one-line computation.

Based on Core Topics

  • These questions test your understanding of the discipline of civil engineering. 
  • You will be required to bring out simple conclusions from fundamental ideas.

Application Based Questions

  • Here, you will have to apply learned knowledge by computing or logical reasoning.

Analysis and Synthesis

  • These kinds of questions could be presented to you in a linked format where an answer must be given to the first question of the pair to be able to answer the question that succeeds it. 
  • You can also expect common data questions where the same data would be shared by 2 questions that are independent of each other.

Common Data Questions

  • Multiple questions would be connected to a common data passage or problem. 
  • Depending on the presented data, 2 or 3 questions can be formed. 
  • Every question is independent and the solution can be derived separately.

Linked Answer Questions

  • These questions are of the problem-solving type. 
  • You will find a problem statement after which you will have to answer 2 questions. 
  • These questions will be connected, which means that the second question will rely on the first question’s solution.
CE Previous Year Question Papers

GATE CE Previous Year Question Papers 2022

Given below are the question papers of GATE CE for the last past five years along with their answer keys. The students are advised to attempt each one of them at least twice for securing good scores in the exam. 

Year Link for GATE CSE Question Paper Link for GATE CSE Answer Key
2020 Check Here  Check Here 
2017 Check Here  Check Here 
CE Previous Year Analysis

GATE CE Previous Year Analysis 2022

Given below are the highlights of the GATE CE exam in the past years. The candidates after going through the same will be able to form a better judgment of the difficulty level of GATE 2022. 

  • The difficulty level of GATE CE 2021 was moderated to difficult.
  • In GATE CE 2021, Geotech Engineering and Environmental Engineering carried the maximum weightage.
  • GATE CE 2021 comprised 15 NATs and only 2 MCQs.
  • The difficulty level of GATE CE 2020 was moderate. 
  • More than 25 questions were asked in GATE 2020.
  • The General Aptitude and Engineering section was considered to be easy in GATE 2020 
  • The difficulty level of the technical section of GATE CE 2019 was moderate.
  • GATE 2019 comprised an easy General Aptitude section. 
  • A total of 26 NAT questions were asked in GATE 2019.
GATE Civil Engineering Cutoff

GATE Civil Engineering Cutoff 2022

Check the GATE cutoff for Civil Engineering for the last six years. This will enable the aspirants to set a reachable target for themselves. 

Year General  OBC SC/ST/ PwD
2021 29.2 26.2 19.4
2020 32.9 29.6 21.9
2019 28.2 25.4 18.8
2018 26.9 24.2 17.9
2017 28.7 25.8 19.1
2016 25 22.5 16.6
Sample Questions for GATE Civil Engineering

Sample Questions for GATE Civil Engineering 2022

Section 1 – General Aptitude

1 Mark Questions:

  • Q.1. The lecture was attended by quite ________ students, so the hall was not very ______?
  • Q.2. They have come a long way in _________________ trust among the users.

2 Mark Questions:

  • Q.1. In a sports academy of 300 people, 105 play only cricket, 70 play only hockey, 50 play only football, 25 play both cricket and hockey, 15 play both hockey and football and 30 play both cricket and football. The rest of them play all three sports. What is the percentage of people who play at least two sports?

Sections 2 and 3 – Engineering Mathematics and Civil Engineering Subject Questions

1 Mark Questions:

  • Q. 1. An element is subjected to biaxial normal tensile strains of 0.0030 and 0.0020. The normal strain in the plane of maximum shear strain is_______?
  • Q.2. Assuming that there is no possibility of shear buckling in the web, the maximum reduction permitted by IS 800-2007 in the (low-shear) design bending strength of a semi-compact steel section due to high shear is_______?

2 Marks Questions:

  • Q. 1. A survey line was measured to be 285.5 m with a tape having a nominal length of 30 m. On checking, the true length of the tape was found to be 0.05 m too short. If the line lay on a slope of 1 in 10, the reduced length (horizontal length) of the line for plotting of survey work would be________?
  • Q.2. A 0.80 m deep bed of sand filter (length 4 m and 3 m) is made of uniform particles (diameter = 0.40 mm, specific gravity = 2.65, shape factor = 0.85) with bed porosity of 0.4. The bed has to be back washed at a flow rate of 3.60 m3/min. During backwashing, if the terminal settling velocity of sand particles is 0.05 m/s, the expanded bed depth (in m, round off to 2 decimal places) is __________ ?

Read How to Prepare Online for GATE Civil Engineering?

What is Civil Engineering and its Scope?

What is Civil Engineering and its Scope?

Civil Engineering includes the planning, construction, and maintenance of the human and natural environment, including public works. This division is further broken down into a range of sub-disciplines and its history is linked to knowledge of structures, mechanics, geography, hydrology, the science of materials, geology, and other fields. 

The civil engineering sub-disciplines include construction engineering, coastal engineering, environmental engineering, earthquake engineering, geotechnical engineering, etc. Civil engineering applies physical and scientific principles to solve societal problems.

Scope after GATE 2021 CE

Each year, the number of students who offer GATE in Civil Engineering (CE) is growing rapidly over the years. This is because the Master's courses now need a GATE ranking, but all the PSUs are hiring through GATE as well. 

Some students want to pursue M.Tech from IITs / NITs in different streams such as Structures, Geotechnical, Water Resources, Construction Project Management and Transportation; while others are trying to get a job at PSUs such as IOCL, HPCL, RITES, EIL, NHAI, DMRC, etc. Thus, it is important to understand the significance of the GATE exam and the various opportunities through GATE.

1. Job opportunities in PSUs

  • Nearly 100 PSUs present in the country (such as IOCL, ONGC, HPCL, RITES, EIL, NHAI, DMRC, BHEL, SAIL, NTPC, PGCIL) consider the GATE examination score as criteria for recruiting civil engineers.

  • A job in a successful PSU means that you keep in touch with recent developments in engineering and work on exciting country development initiatives, as well as obtain security and government job benefits. Check PSU Recruitment through GATE

2. Pursuing M.Tech after GATE

  • One of the most common ways to proceed is by applying for M.Tech at the IITs, IISc, and NITs, having cleared the GATE test. You are also eligible for the MHRD stipend during the two-year Master’s program, with a clear GATE ranking. Check GATE COAP Counselling

  • This can be a major step for students who dreamed of studying in the country's top institutes such as IITs and NITs.

  • Also if you apply to other states / regional/private colleges that do not require GATE as their criterion for selection, getting a good GATE score will still give you an advantage over other candidates. You can go for private jobs in the technological domain after completing M.Tech, with good packages.

3. Opportunities for research through GATE

  • Research is a field in which the country's civil engineers are not exploring much, as most students either try for M.Tech or government jobs.

  • However, those of you who are excited about learning more should opt for a research-oriented career and give back to society.

GATE Civil Engineering Exam Pattern FAQs

GATE Civil Engineering Exam Pattern 2022 FAQs

Ques. What will be the weightage of the Structural Engineering section in GATE Civil Engineering 2022? 

Ans: Depending on the paper analysis of previous years, candidates can expect 10 to 12 mark questions from this section in GATE CE 2022. Since civil engineering paper is conducted in 2 slots hence the weight of questions in each could vary. Last year the weightage of this section in slot 1 was 12 marks and in slot 2 was 7 marks. 

Ques. Which type of questions will be asked in GATE CE 2022? 

Ans: GATE CE 2022 will primarily consist of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) and Numerical Answer Type (NAT) questions. MCQs are objective questions that carry 1 or 2 marks in all sections. Every question will have 4 choices out of which only 1 is the correct answer. NAT questions carry 1 or 2 marks in all sections. The answers to these questions are numerical values that are to be entered using a virtual keypad. No choices are given for these questions.

Ques. How many questions will be there in GATE CE 2022?

Ans: Based on the past trends it is predicted that, there will be a total of 65 questions in GET CE 2022. From general aptitude 10 questions, from engineering mathematics, 10 questions, and the remaining question will be asked from the core subject syllabus. 

Ques. How can I distinguish between NAT and MCQs in GATE Civil Engineering 2022?

Ans: In GATE CE 2022, MCQs are multiple-choice questions. In this type of question, you will have 4 options and you have to select the right option. Whereas in NAT, there will be no option, candidates have to calculate the answer and write their answer using the virtual keyword. 

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College.


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