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GATE Syllabus for Production & Industrial Engineering (PI) 2022: Important Topics, Exam Pattern, Samples Questions and Books

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Sonal Vaid

Content Curator | Updated On - Jul 30, 2021

GATE Syllabus for Production & Industrial Engineering (PI) 2022 consists of eight different subjects. The subjects include Engineering Mathematics, General Aptitude and other core PI subjects. Core Subjects of GATE Production and Industrial Engineering constitute 72% of the total weightage. Check GATE Exam Pattern for Production and Industrial Engineering

GATE Syllabus for Production & Industrial Engineering core subjects include General Engineering, Manufacturing Processes I, Manufacturing Processes II, Quality and Reliability, Industrial Engineering, along with Operations research and Operations Management. The topic that has the highest weightage in GATE Production & Industrial Engineering is Industrial Engineering followed by Production Engineering. Check GATE Paper Analysis

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GATE PI Syllabus

GATE Syllabus for Production & Industrial Engineering (PI) 2022

Section 1 – Engineering Mathematics

  • Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, consistency and rank, Eigen values and Eigen vectors. 
  • Calculus: Mean value theorems, theorems of integral calculus, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, multiple integrals, Fourier series, vector identities, line, surface and volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems. 
  • Differential equations: First order equation (linear and nonlinear), second order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, method of variation of parameters, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, initial and boundary value problems, solution of partial differential equations: variable separable method. 
  • Analysis of complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor’s and Laurent’s series, residue theorem, solution of integrals. 
  • Probability and Statistics: Sampling theorems, conditional probability, mean, median, mode, standard deviation and variance; random variables: discrete and continuous distributions: normal, Poisson and binomial distributions. 
  • Numerical Methods: Matrix inversion, solutions of nonlinear algebraic equations, iterative methods for solving differential equations, numerical integration, regression and correlation analysis.

Section 2: General Engineering

  • Engineering Materials: Structure, physical and mechanical properties, and applications of common engineering materials (metals and alloys, semiconductors, ceramics, polymers, and composites – metal, polymer and ceramic based); Iron-carbon equilibrium phase diagram; Heat treatment of metals and alloys and its influence on mechanical properties; Stress-strain behavior of metals and alloys.
  • Applied Mechanics: Engineering mechanics – equivalent force systems, free body concepts, equations of equilibrium; Trusses; Strength of materials – stress, strain and their relationship; Failure theories; Mohr’s circle (stress); Deflection of beams, bending and shear stresses; Euler’s theory of columns; Thick and thin cylinders; Torsion.
  • Theory of Machines and Design: Analysis of planar mechanisms, cams and followers; Governors and flywheels; Design of bolted, riveted and welded joints; Interference/shrink fit joints; Friction and lubrication; Design of shafts, keys, couplings, spur gears, belt drives, brakes and clutches; Pressure vessels.
  • Thermal and Fluids Engineering: Fluid mechanics – fluid statics, Bernoulli’s equation, flow through pipes, laminar and turbulent flows, equations of continuity and momentum, capillary action; Dimensional analysis Thermodynamics – zeroth, first and second laws of thermodynamics, thermodynamic systems and processes, calculation of work and heat for systems and control volumes; Air standard cycles; Heat transfer – basic applications of conduction, convection and radiation.

Section 3: Manufacturing Processes I

  • Casting: Types of casting processes and applications; Sand casting: patterns – types, materials and allowances; molds and cores–materials, making, and testing; design of gating system and riser; casting techniques of cast iron, steels, and nonferrous metals and alloys; analysis of solidification and microstructure development; Other casting techniques: Pressure die casting, Centrifugal casting, Investment casting, Shell mold casting; Casting defects and their inspection by non-destructive testing.
  • Metal Forming: Stress-strain relations in elastic and plastic deformation; von Mises and Tresca yield criteria, Concept of flow stress; Hot, warm and cold working; Bulk forming processes - forging, rolling, extrusion and wire drawing; Sheet metal working processes – blanking, punching, bending, stretch forming, spinning and deep drawing; Ideal work and slab analysis; Defects in metal working and their causes.
  • Joining of Materials: Classification of joining processes; Principles of fusion welding processes using different heat sources (flame, arc, resistance, laser, electron beam), Heat transfer and associated losses; Arc welding processes - SMAW, GMAW, GTAW, plasma arc, submerged arc welding processes; Principles of solid state welding processes - friction welding, friction stir welding, ultrasonic welding; Welding defects - causes and inspection; Principles of adhesive joining, brazing and soldering processes.
  • Powder Processing: Production of metal/ceramic powders, compaction and sintering of metals and ceramic powders, Cold and hot isostatic pressing.
  • Polymers and Composites: Polymer processing – injection, compression and blow molding, extrusion, calendaring and thermoforming; Molding of composites.

Section 4: Manufacturing Processes II

  • Machining: Orthogonal and oblique machining, Single point cutting tool and tool signature, Chip formation, cutting forces, Merchant’s analysis, Specific cutting energy and power; Machining parameters and material removal rate; tool materials, Tool wear and tool life; Thermal aspects of machining, cutting fluids, machinability; Economics of machining; Machining processes - turning, taper turning, thread cutting, drilling, boring, milling, gear cutting, thread production; Finishing processes – grinding, honing, lapping and superfinishing.
  • Machine Tools: Lathe, milling, drilling and shaping machines – construction and kinematics; Jigs and fixtures – principles, applications, and design.
  • Advanced Manufacturing: Principles and applications of USM, AJM, WJM, AWJM, EDM and Wire EDM, LBM, EBM, PAM, CHM, ECM; Effect of process parameters on material removal rate, surface roughness and power consumption; Additive manufacturing techniques.
  • Computer Integrated Manufacturing: Basic concepts of CAD and CAM, Geometric modeling, CNC; Automation in Manufacturing; Industrial Robots – configurations, drives and controls; Cellular manufacturing and FMS – Group Technology, CAPP.

Section 5: Quality and Reliability

  • Metrology and Inspection: Accuracy and precision; Types of errors; Limits, fits and tolerances; Gauge design, Interchangeability, Selective assembly; Linear, angular, and form measurements (straightness, flatness, roundness, runout and cylindricity) by mechanical and optical methods; Inspection of screw threads and gears; Surface roughness measurement by contact and non-contact methods.
  • Quality Management: Quality – concept and costs; Statistical quality control – process capability analysis, control charts for variables and attributes and acceptance sampling; Six sigma; Total quality management; Quality assurance and certification - ISO 9000, ISO14000.
  • Reliability and Maintenance: Reliability, availability and maintainability; Distribution of failure and repair times; Determination of MTBF and MTTR, Reliability models; Determination of system reliability; Preventive and predictive maintenance and replacement, Total productive maintenance.

Section 6: Industrial Engineering

  • Product Design and Development: Principles of product design, tolerance design; Quality and cost considerations; Product life cycle; Standardization, simplification, diversification; Value engineering and analysis; Concurrent engineering; Design for “X”.
  • Work System Design: Taylor’s scientific management, Gilbreths’s contributions; Productivity – concepts and measurements; Method study, Micro-motion study, Principles of motion economy; Work measurement – time study, Work sampling, Standard data, PMTS; Ergonomics; Job evaluation and merit rating.
  • Facility Design: Facility location factors and evaluation of alternate locations; Types of plant layout and their evaluation; Computer aided layout design techniques; Assembly line balancing; Materials handling systems.

Section 7: Operations research and Operations management

  • Operation Research: Linear programming – problem formulation, simplex method, duality and sensitivity analysis; Transportation and assignment models; Integer programming; Constrained and unconstrained nonlinear optimization; Markovian queuing models; Simulation – manufacturing applications.
  • Engineering Economy and Costing: Elementary cost accounting and methods of depreciation; Break-even analysis; Techniques for evaluation of capital investments; Financial statements; Activity based costing.
  • Production control: Forecasting techniques – causal and time series models, moving average, exponential smoothing, trend and seasonality; Aggregate production planning; Master production scheduling; MRP, MRP-II and ERP; Routing, scheduling and priority dispatching; Push and pull production systems, concepts of Lean and JIT manufacturing systems; Logistics, distribution, and supply chain management; Inventory – functions, costs, classifications, deterministic inventory models, quantity discount; Perpetual and periodic inventory control systems.
  • Project management: Scheduling techniques – Gantt chart, CPM, PERT and GERT.

Direct link to download GATE Production and Industrial Engineering (PI) syllabus PDF 

Section 8 - General Aptitude 

Verbal Ability Numerical Ability
English grammar; Sentence completion, Instructions; Verbal analogies, Word groups; Critical reasoning, Verbal deduction.  Numerical computation; Numerical reasoning; Numerical estimation; Data interpretation. 
GATE PI Topic-wise Weightage

GATE Syllabus for Production & Industrial Engineering (PI) 2022 - Topic-wise Weightage

Topics Weightage (Marks)
Industrial Engineering 25-30
Production Engineering 30-40
General Engineering 15-20
Mathematics & Aptitude 25-30
GATE PI Exam Pattern

GATE Exam Pattern for Production & Industrial Engineering (PI) 2022 

  • Mode of Examination: Online
  • Duration of exam: 3 hours
  • Type of questions: MCQs, MSQs, & NATs 
  • Total Sections: 3 sections i.e. General Aptitude, Mathematics, Subject-based
  • Total questions: 65
  • Total marks: 100 marks
  • Negative marking: for MCQs only
Section  Distribution of Marks Total Marks Types of questions
General Aptitude 5 questions of 1 mark each 5 questions of 2 marks each 15 marks  MCQs
Subject Paper (PI) + Engineering Mathematics 25 questions of 1 mark each 30 questions of 2 marks each  85 marks MCQs, MSQ and NATs

Check Detailed GATE 2022 Exam Pattern

GATE PI Preparation

GATE 2022 Preparation for Production & Industrial Engineering (PI) 

Candidates can follow some of these tips for preparation of GATE Production & Industrial Engineering paper: 

  • Solve GATE Production & Industrial Engineering Mock Tests
  • Start with the basic concepts or topics. 
  • Candidates must practice on virtual calculators so that you can develop a habit of using the same. Check: How to use GATE 2021 Virtual Calculator?
  • Have a thorough understanding of the previous years paper analysis for Production and Industrial Engineering Paper. Check GATE Paper Analysis 
  • For engineering mathematics, topics like Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential Equations, Probability and Statistics are extremely important and should be focused on thoroughly.
  • For more tips, check GATE Preparation Guidelines

GATE Books for Production & Industrial Engineering (PI) 2022

Image Image

Title of the book Name of the Author/ Publication
GATE 2020 – Guide – Production and Industrial Engineering GKP
GATE 2020 – Solved Papers – Production and Industrial Engineering GKP
CMOS Gate-Stack Scaling - Materials, Interfaces and Reliability Implications: Volume 1155 (English, Paperback, unknown)
Cambridge University Press
GATE PI Sample Questions

GATE Sample Questions for Production & Industrial Engineering (PI) 2022

Ques.Image 

Ans. A

Ques. Image

Ans. 404 to 405

Ques. Image

Ans. 9545 to 9555

Frequently Asked Questions

GATE Syllabus for Production & Industrial Engineering (PI) 2022 FAQs

Ques. What are the subjects in the GATE Syllabus for Production & Industrial Engineering 2022? 

Ans. GATE Syllabus for Production & Industrial Engineering (PI) 2022 will have questions in 3 different sections, Engineering Mathematics, General Aptitude and Core PI subjects. 

Ques. Which are the most important subjects in the GATE Syllabus for Production & Industrial Engineering (PI) 2022? 

Ans. The topic which has the highest weightage in the GATE Syllabus for Production & Industrial Engineering (PI) 2022 is Production Engineering, as questions worth 30 to 40 marks are asked on average.

Ques. Which are the topics in the core subject of GATE Syllabus for Production & Industrial Engineering (PI) 2022? 

Ans. The topics in the core subject of GATE Syllabus for Production & Industrial Engineering (PI) 2022 are as follows: 

  • General Engineering
  • Manufacturing Processes I
  • Manufacturing Processes II
  • Quality and Reliability
  • Industrial Engineering
  • Operations research and Operations management.

Ques. What is the GATE Marking Scheme for Production & Industrial Engineering (PI)? 

Ans. The GATE Marking Scheme for Production & Industrial Engineering (PI) is as follows: 

Type of question Negative marking for wrong answer
MCQ 1/3 for 1 mark questions 2/3 for 2 marks questions
NAT/MSQ No negative marking 

Ques. How many questions are asked in GATE Production & Industrial Engineering 2022? 

Ans. GATE Production & Industrial Engineering Question paper will have a total of 65 questions, out of which approximately 45 questions will be PI Core Subject Questions.

Ques. What is the paper code for GATE Production & Industrial Engineering 2022?

Ans. The paper code for GATE Production & Industrial Engineering 2022 is PI. 

Ques. Which are the best GATE Books for Production & Industrial Engineering 2022?

Ans. The best GATE Books for Production & Industrial Engineering 2022 are as follows: 

  • GATE 2020 – Guide – Production and Industrial Engineering by GKP
  • GATE 2020 – Solved Papers – Production and Industrial Engineering by GKP
  • CMOS Gate-Stack Scaling - Materials, Interfaces and Reliability Implications: Volume 1155 (English, Paperback, unknown) by Cambridge University Press

Ques. How to prepare for completing GATE Syllabus for Production & Industrial Engineering 2022? 

Ans. Candidates can follow some of these tips for preparation of GATE Production & Industrial Engineering paper: 

  • Solve GATE Production & Industrial Engineering Mock Tests
  • Start with the basic concepts or topics. 
  • Candidates must practice on virtual calculators so that you can develop a habit of using the same.
  • For more tips, check GATE Preparation Guidelines

Ques. How much time is required for the GATE Syllabus for Production & Industrial Engineering 2022?

Ans. On Average, candidates take at least 6 months to complete the GATE Syllabus for Production & Industrial Engineering 2022. 

Ques. Which subject can be taken along with GATE for Production & Industrial Engineering 2022?

Ans. Candidates choosing PI as their first paper can either sit for XE as their second paper

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College.

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