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NEET Physics Syllabus 2022, Important Topics, Weightage, & Preparation Tips

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Nikkil Visha

Exams Prep Master | Updated On - Nov 15, 2021

NEET Physics Syllabus 2022 will cover all the topics of Class 11 & 12. A total of 19 units are there in the syllabus that candidates need to cover while preparing for NEET 2022. 

  • Also, candidates must note that there is no reduction in NEET Syllabus as stated by MoE. However, NEET Physics Exam Pattern has been revised, and NEET Question Paper is now divided into 2 sections for each subject i.e. Section A & B.
  • A total of  35 and 15 questions are asked from sections A & B respectively but in section B candidates can opt to answer only 10 questions. Check NEET 2022 Physics Preparation
  • NEET physics syllabus carries 25% weightage in the paper which is 180 marks. Some of the important topics based on the questions asked in previous years are Alternating current, Current electricity, Optics, etc. 

Physics NEET Syllabus 2022 Highlights

Total weightage 25% of NEET Syllabus 
Number of questions asked Section A: 35, Section B: 15 (attempt only 10 from sec B)
Marks allotted for each question 4 marks for correct answer
Negative marking 1 marks will be reduced for wrong answer
Total marks for Physics 180 out of 720 marks

Physics Syllabus Class 11

Physics NEET Syllabus from Class 11

Unit 1

Topic Sub-topics
Physical World and Measurement
  • Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology, and society.
  • Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass, and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures.
  • Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis, and its applications.

Unit 2

Topic Sub-topics
Kinematics
  • A frame of reference, Motion in a straight line; Position-time graph, speed, and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed, and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, and position-time graphs, for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).
  • Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity.
  • Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular component.
  • Scalar and Vector products of Vectors. Motion in a plane. Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration- projectile motion. Uniform circular motion.

Unit 3 

Topic Sub-topics
Laws of Motion
  • Intuitive concept of force. Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.
  • Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication. 69
  • Dynamics of uniform circular motion. Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road).

Unit 4 

Topic Sub-topics
Work, Energy, and Power

Work done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.

Notion of potential energy, the potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); nonconservative forces; motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

Unit 5

Topic Sub-topics
Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body
  • Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation, and centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of uniform rod.
  • Moment of a force,-torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples.
  • Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation, and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions; the moment of inertia, the radius of gyration. Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.

Unit 6

Topic Sub-topics
Gravitation
  • Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.
  • Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites.

Unit 7

Topic Sub-topics
Properties of Bulk Matter
  • Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, poisson’s ratio; elastic energy.
  • Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.
  • Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise. 
  • Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases. Anomalous expansion. Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv- calorimetry; change of state – latent heat.
  • Heat transfer- conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and radiation. Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation, Wein’s displacement law, and Green House effect.
  • Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law

Unit 8

Topic Sub-topics
Thermodynamics
  • Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of Thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Isothermal and adiabatic processes.
  • Second law of the thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes. Heat engines and refrigerators.

Unit 9

Topic Sub-topics
Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory
  • Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
  • Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature; degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path.

Unit 10

Topic Sub-topics
Oscillations and Waves
  • Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion(SHM) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in SHM –Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period; free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance.
  • Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics. Beats. Doppler effect.

Physics Syllabus Class 12

Physics NEET Syllabus from Class 12

Unit 1

Topic Sub-topics
Electrostatics
  • Electric charges and their conservation. Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
  • Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.
  • Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside)
  • Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges: equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric diploes in an electrostatic field.
  • Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor, Van de Graaff generator.

Unit 2 

Topic Sub-topics
Current Electricity
  • Electric current, the flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (liner and nonlinear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity, and conductivity.
  • Carbon resistors, color code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance.
  • Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel.
  • Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge.
  • Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.

Unit 3 

Topic Sub-topics
Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
  • Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot-Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.
  • Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.
  • Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
  • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
  • Para-, dia-and ferro-magnetic substances, with examples.
  • Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets.

Unit 4 

Topic Sub-topics
Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
  • Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance.
  • Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattles current.
  • AC generator and transformer.

Unit 5 

Topic Sub-topics
Electromagnetic Waves
  • Need for displacement current.
  • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only). Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
  • Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.

Unit 6 

Topic Sub-topics
Optics
  • Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens-maker’s formula. Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror. Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism.
  • Scattering of light- blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset.
  • Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses.
  • Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
  • Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts.
  • Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle.
  • Interference, Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.
  • Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. • Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.

Unit 7 

Topic Sub-topics
Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
  • Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation- particle nature of light.
  • Matter waves- wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Ger

Unit 8 

Topic Sub-topics
Atoms and Nuclei
  • Alpha- particle scattering experiments; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones.
  • Radioactivity- alpha, beta and gamma particles/ rays and their properties decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.

Unit 9 

Topic Sub-topics
Electronic Devices
  • Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors; semiconductor diode- I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, diode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator.
  • Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.

Also Check Detailed

Important Topics NEET Physics

Physical World and Environment

  • Physics: Scope and Excitement; Nature of Physical Laws; Physics, Technology and Society.
  • Need for Measurement: Units of Measurement; Systems of Units; SI units, Fundamental and Derived units; Length, Mass and Time Measurements; Accuracy and Precision of Measuring Instruments; Errors in Measurement; Significant Figures.
  • Dimensions of Physical Quantities, Dimensional Analysis and its Applications.

Kinematics

  • Frame of Reference, Motion in a Straight Line; Position-time Graph, Speed and Velocity; Uniform and Non-uniform Motion, Average Speed and Instantaneous Velocity; Uniformly Accelerated Motion, Velocity-time graphs.
  • Elementary Concepts of Differentiation and Integration for Describing Motion; Scalar and Vector Quantities: Position and Displacement Vectors, General Vectors, General vectors and Notation, Equality of Vectors, Multiplication of Vectors by a Real Number; Addition and Subtraction of Vectors; Relative Velocity.
  • Unit Vectors; Resolution of a Vector in a Plane - Rectangular Components.
  • Scalar and Vector Products; Motion in a Plane; Cases of Uniform Velocity and Uniform Acceleration - Projectile Motion; Uniform Circular Motion.

Laws of Motion

  • Intuitive Concept of Force; Inertia, Newton’s First Law of Motion; Momentum and Newton’s Second Law of Motion; impulse; Newton’s Third Law of Motion. Law of Conservation of Linear Momentum and its Applications.
  • Equilibrium of Concurrent Forces; Static and Kinetic Friction, Laws of Friction, Rolling friction, Lubrication.
  • Dynamics of Uniform Circular Motion, Centripetal Force, Examples of Circular Motion (Vehicle on Level Circular Road, Vehicle on Banked Road).

Electrostatics 

  • Electric Charges and their Conservation; Coulomb’s Law - Force between Two Point Charges, Forces between Multiple Charges; Superposition Principle and Continuous Charge Distribution.
  • Electric Field, Electric Field due to a Point Charge, Electric Field Lines; Electric Dipole, Electric Field due to a Dipole; Torque on a Dipole in a Uniform Electric Field.
  • Electric Flux, Statement of Gauss’s Theorem and its Applications to find Field due to Infinitely Long Straight Wire, Uniformly Charged Infinite Plane Sheet and Uniformly Charged Thin Spherical Shell (Field Inside and Outside)
  • Electric Potential, Potential Difference, Electric Potential due to a Point Charge, Dipole and System of Charges: Equipotential Surfaces, Electrical Potential Energy of a System of Two Point Charges and of Electric Diploes in an Electrostatic Field.
  • Conductors and Insulators, Free Charges and Bound Charges Inside a Conductor; Dielectrics and Electric Polarization, Capacitors and Capacitance, Combination of Capacitors in Series and in Parallel, Capacitance of a Parallel Plate Capacitor with and without Dielectric Medium between the Plates, Energy Stored in a Capacitor, Van de Graaff Generator.

Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

  • Concept of Magnetic Field, Oersted’s Experiment; Biot-Savart Law and its Application to Current-carrying Circular Loop.
  •  Ampere’s Law and its Applications to Infinitely Long Straight Wire, Straight and Toroidal Solenoids; Force on a Moving Charge in Uniform Magnetic and Electric Fields; Cyclotron.
  • Force on a Current-carrying Conductor in a Uniform Magnetic Field; Force Between Two Parallel Current-carrying Conductors Definition of Ampere; Torque Experienced by a Current Loop in a Magnetic Field; Moving Coil Galvanometer- its Current Sensitivity and Conversion to Ammeter and Voltmeter.
  • Current Loop as a Magnetic Dipole and its Magnetic Dipole Moment; Magnetic Dipole Moment of a Revolving Electron; Magnetic Field Intensity due to a Magnetic Dipole (Bar Magnet) along its Axis and Perpendicular to its Axis; Torque on a Magnetic Dipole (Bar Magnet) in a Uniform Magnetic Field; Bar Magnet as an Equivalent Solenoid, Magnetic Field Lines; Earth’s Magnetic Field and Magnetic Elements.
  • Para-, Dia-and Ferro-magnetic Substances with Examples.
  • Electromagnetic and Factors Affecting their Strengths; Permanent Magnets.

Electromagnetic Waves

  • Need for Displacement Current.
  • Electromagnetic Waves and their Characteristics (Qualitative Ideas only); Transverse Nature of Electromagnetic Waves.
  • Electromagnetic Spectrum (Radio waves, Microwaves, Infrared, Visible, Ultraviolet, X-rays, Gamma rays) including Elementary Facts about their Uses.

Study Notes for NEET Physics 


Weightage of Syllabus

Chapter Wise Weightage of NEET Physics Syllabus

Chapter Name Number of Questions Weightage
Alternating current 1 4 %
Atoms 0-1 1.5 %
Current electricity 2 8 %
Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter 2 6 %
Electric Charges and Fields 1 4.5 %
Electromagnetic induction 1 4 %
Electromagnetic waves 1 5 %
Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance 1 4.5 %
Gravitation 0-1 2 %
Kinetic theory 1 3 %
Laws of Motion 1 3 %
Magnetism and Matter 1 2.5 %
Mechanical Properties of Fluids 0-1 2 %
Mechanical Properties of Solids 0-1 2 %
Motion in a Plane 0-1 1.5 %
Motion in a Straight Line 0-1 1.5 %
Moving Charges and Magnetism 1 2.5 %
Nuclei 0-1 1.5 %
Oscillations 0-1 1.5 %
Physical World, Units and Measurements 0-1 2 %
Ray optics and optical instruments 1 5 %
Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits 2 6 %
System of Particles and Rotational Motion 1 5 %
Thermal Properties of Matter 0-1 2 %
Thermodynamics 2 9 %
Wave optics 1 5 %
Waves 0-1 1.5 %
Work, Energy and Power 1 4 %
Total 45 100

Difficulty Level Analysis of NEET Physics Syllabus

Unit Name Number of Questions Easy Moderate Difficult
Mechanics 17 0 16 1
Heat and Thermodynamics 3 0 3 0
Properties of matter 3 0 2 1
Electrostatics and Capacitor 4 0 4 0
Current Electricity 3 0 3 0
Magnetism, Magnetic Effect of Current and AC 5 0 4 1
Modern Physics 6 0 5 1
Ray and Way Optics 4 0 4 0
Total 45 0 41 4

Chapter Wise Difficulty Level

Most Important Chapters Important Chapters Less Important Chapters
Electronic Devices Atoms and Nuclei Alternating Current
Electrostatics Current Electricity Behavior of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory
Heat and Thermodynamics Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation Electromagnetic Waves
Kinematics Electromagnetic Induction Gravitation
Laws of Motion Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body Physical World and Measurement
Magnetic effect of Current and Magnetism Optics Properties of Bulk Matter
Oscillations and Waves Work, Energy & Power -

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Preparation Tips for Physics Syllabus

NEET Physics Syllabus 2022: Preparation Tips

We have devised the perfect study plan and preparation tips for you to crack NEET Physics.

  • Tip 1- Check the syllabus and exam pattern: Checking the NEET Physics syllabus and exam pattern is the very first step for your exam preparation. You will also need to be aware of the physics section marking scheme in NEET.
  • Tip 2- Gain clarity on important concepts: The most important topics in NEET Physics, according to previous years’ papers are - Mechanics, Heat and Thermodynamics, Electrodynamics and Modern Physics. You must first clearly understand the concepts relevant to these topics for your physics study plan. Once that is done, you can move onto other concepts.
  • Tip 3- Know all formulae: Formulae are the very core of Physics. The most critical step in preparing for NEET Physics is learning the formulae. You can use a little notebook to write all the formulae for NEET Physics. Ensure that you test your memory on these formulae every day.
  • Tip 4- Refer to the best NEET Physics books: You need to refer to the best physics books for NEET. NCERT is the best NEET exam preparation book. NEET follows the question patterns of NCERT. You can also use a few more books for thorough learning and practice.
  • Tip 5- Solve question papers of previous years: The best way to prepare for NEET Physics is to solve question papers of the previous years. Solving these NEET Physics questions will help you recognise NEET’s pattern of questions. Doing so will also increase speed and precision in answering. Make sure to answer as many question papers as you can.
  • Tip 6- Make notes: You must make notes of all the essential formulae, theorems and principles during your NEET Physics training. Physics notes for NEET will help you understand the concepts quicker, and will also help you plan for the last minute.
  • Tip 7- Take online mock tests: Taking online mock tests will help you determine how well you have studied for the exam. It will also help you recognise your areas of weakness.
  • Tip 8- Enhance the strength of your weak areas: Seek to strengthen your weak areas. Spend more time on the topics that challenge you the most. You have to prioritize NEET Physics' most important topics and then plan for the less important ones.
  • Tip 9: Video Lecture on NEET Physics by NTA: In order to help students prepare for an exam as competitive as NEET, NTA has released content-based videos. They have been made exclusively for NEET-UG and JEE Mains by IIT professionals or subject experts.


Best Books for NEET 2021 Preparation

NEET Physics Syllabus 2022: Best Books

Some of the best books for NEET Preparation are mentioned below in the table: 

Books Name Author/ Publication Name
NCERT Physics Part 1 and 2 for Classes 11 and 12 NCERT/ NCERT
Concepts of Physics H.C Verma/ Bharati Bhawan Publishers & Distributors
Cengage Physics NEET For Everyone C.P Singh/ CENGAGE

Check Other Books for NEET 2022 


NEET Physics Syllabus 2021 FAQs

NEET Physics Syllabus 2022 FAQ

Ques. Will Physics be removed from NEET Syllabus 2022?

Ans. No. The officials have not announced any changes in NEET 2022 syllabus that means physics is still the part of syllabus. Also, aspirants planning to appear for the upcoming examination are advised to check the official website daily to get the latest updates.

Ques. What is the distribution of marks in NEET Physics Syllabus 2022?

Ans. It carries 180 marks in total. Candidates will get 4 marks for each correct answer and 1 mark will be deducted for each incorrect answer.

Ques. Are there any changes in NEET Physics Syllabus 2022?

Ans. No, there are not many changes in NEET Physics Syllabus for the year 2022. If any changes are made by NTA, the candidate will be informed.

Ques. What are the most important topics in NEET Physics Syllabus 2022?

Ans. As per the previous year question paper, the most important topics in NEET Physics Syllabus in this year are Mechanics, Heat and Thermodynamics, Electrodynamics and Modern Physics. 

Ques. Who is the concerned authority to set NEET Physics Syllabus 2022?

Ans. NEET Physics Syllabus 2022 will be set by The Medical Council of India (MCI).

Ques. Will there any answer key be released by NEET in the year 2022?

Ans. Yes, of course. NEET 2022 Answer Key will be released soon after the conclusion of the exam. Candidates can download the answer key along with the questions paper only from the official website

Ques. How to check the answer key for NEET 2022?

Ans. You can check the answer key by visiting the official website of NEET and by following some steps mentioned below.

  • On the website click on the link “Check 2022 Official Answer Key”
  • Enter the details such as “Registration Number” and “Password”
  • Click on the tab “Log in”

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College.

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