IIT (Indian Institute of Technology) Madras and MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) have partnered together and are working to find better and efficient utilization of agricultural and industrial by-products with the major objective of sustainable industrial development.
Researchers from IIT Madras and MIT have collaborated and various structures are planned to meet the desired results. When industrial and agricultural activities take place, their resultant product includes red mud, copper slag, biomass ash, etc. that holds the potential for further usage.
The specialists are working on various combinations of theories and applying them to design a framework. They have combined the principles of materials chemistry, structural engineering, and life-cycle analysis to prepare quality efficient cementitious binders.
This initiative was taken by the Union Ministry of Education under SPARC (Scheme for Promotion of Academic and Research Collaboration). Piyush Chaunsali and Ravindra Gettu, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT-Madras, and Elsa A Olivetti, Atlantic Richfield Associate Professor of Energy Studies, MIT are the heads of this initiative and the research work.
Due to their complex physio-chemical characteristics, the resultant products are not utilized to their fullest efficiency. Every day, tonnes of such by-products are released. Instead of using it properly, these are wasted at a high rate. This initiative is taken to address this issue and for better sustainable growth.
These by-products can further be used for building works, bridges, roads, etc.
Olivetti highlighted that they are trying to develop these wastes and transform them into quality cement binders so that there is an abundance of cement material grown out of wastes. For this purpose, they are reviewing various regions of India and the availability of waste matter.
Through this project, the goals of sustainable industrial development will be achieved through mapping, planning & evaluation of various industrial by-products on the basis of availability and the reactivity of the products.
Adding to it, the efforts will also aim at searching & developing energy-efficient pathways for voluminous usage of industrial by-products in cementitious binders; and critically analyzing the environmental sustainability of novel cementitious binders.
About IIT Madras
IIT Madras is not only a renowned IIT Institute but it is also involved in social works. It conducts field visits to villages for the development of rural areas. It has also initiated a campaign called IIT for Village that involves dozens of betterment activities.
Also, it is a prime Institute when it comes to sustainable management. It has a dedicated team called S-Team that looks on crucial matters such as water crises, electricity consumption, food wastage, climate change, green cover on campus, etc.