Doctor of Philosophy in Geology Top Colleges, Syllabus, Scope and Salary

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Pranjal Singhal

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Doctor of Philosophy or Ph.D. (Geology) is a 3-5 years doctorate program which prepares students for various Geoscience careers. Geology comprises the study of Mineralogy, Palaeontology, Structural Geology, and Geomorphology.

The basic eligibility criteria for pursuing the course is a Master’s degree in the areas such as Geology/ Applied Geology/ Earth Science/ Marine Geology from any recognized university with 55% aggregate marks.

Some of the institutes that offer the course in India are listed below:

Admission to the course is based on merit obtained by candidates at master’s level. Some government institutes also conduct entrance exam for providing admission.

The average tuition fees charged for the course in India ranges between INR 10,000 to 2 lacs. However, successful doctorates can expect anything between INR 2.5 lacs to 9.5 lacs as average starting salary which increases with their experience and expertise.

Such students are hired in the job positions such as Volcanologists, Petroleum Geologists, Environmental Geologists, Earth Science Teachers, Glacial Geologists, Structural Geologists, Hydro geologists, Engineering Geologists, Palaeontologists.

Ph.D. (Geology): Course Highlights

The following table comprises some major highlights of the course:

Course Level Doctorate
Duration 3-5 years
Examination Type Semester system/ Year wise
Eligibility Master’s degree from a recognized university with at least 55% marks.
Admission Process Merit Based/ Entrance Test
Course Fees INR 1 lakh to INR 2 lacs
Average Starting Salary INR 2.5 lacs to INR 9.5 lacs
Top Recruiting Companies Geological Survey of India, Central Ground Water Board, Oil and Natural Gas Commission, Hindustan Zinc Limited, Minerals and Metals Trading Corporation, Coal India, Mineral Exploration Ltd., Indian Bureau of Mines, Indian Space Research Organization, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited.
Top Recruiting Areas Research & Educational Institutes, Mining, Oil and Gas, Minerals and Water Resources, Mineralogy, Volcanology, Hydrology or Oceanography.
Job Positions Volcanologists, Petroleum Geologists, Environmental Geologists, Earth Science Teachers, Glacial Geologists, Structural Geologists, Hydro geologists, Engineering Geologists, Palaeontologists

Ph.D. (Geology): What is it about?

Geology is the study of the Earth in which students study about Earth materials, how materials are made of, and processes that affect them over time. Students who are engaged in the study of geology are known as Geologists.

After getting a doctorate degree from reputed institutes or universities students can work both in domestic as well as international areas.

Students enrolled in the course are taught to:

  • Work in deserts, ocean floors, mountains etc.
  • Indentifying rock, minerals and fossils
  • Measure Earth’s gravity and magnetic field
  • Research for natural gas and minerals

Top Institutes offering Ph.D. (Geology)

The following table shows the list of top institutes in India that offer the course:

Name of Institute City Average Annual Fees in INR
Banaras Hindu University Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 19, 000
Central University of Karnataka Gulbarga, Karnataka 20, 000
Gulbarga University Gulbarga, Karnataka 12, 395
JIS University Kolkata, West Bengal
Karnatak University Karnataka 12, 010
M.G. Science Institute Ahmedabad, Gujarat 9000
Maharaja Ganga Singh University Bikaner, Rajasthan 9000
MES Ponnani College Kerala  22, 600
Mizoram University Mizoram 17, 650
Mohanlal Sukhadia University Udaipur, Rajasthan 30, 500
National College Trichy Tamil Nadu 39, 650
NIMS University Jaipur, Rajasthan 1, 05, 000
Osmania University Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh 3000
Panjab University Chandigarh 12, 000

Eligibility for Ph.D. (Geology)

All the interested students are required to fulfil the minimum eligibility criteria in order to apply for the course which is as below:

  • Postgraduate degree in a relevant area such as Geology/ Applied Geology/ Earth Science/ Marine Geology from any recognized university.
  • Minimum 55% marks for general category in master’s degree
  • Minimum 50% marks for SC/ ST/ OBC category candidates

Ph.D. (Geology): Admission Process

Admission to the course is strictly done on the basis of marks obtained by candidates in master’s degree. However, different universities or colleges have different admission rules.

Some of the universities conduct an entrance examination followed by a round of personal interview for admission to the particular course on the basis of which students are shortlisted.

Ph.D. (Geology): Syllabus and Course Description

The following table shows the detailed syllabus of the program:

Name of the Course Topics Covered
Review of Literature Need and process of systematic review of Literature to understand Regional and Local-Geology, Geomorphology, Stratigraphy, Structural and Tectonic Setting, Mineral Deposit and Hydrogeology etc.
Geological Surveying Nature and scope, Important Field Equipment, Toposheets, Geological Mapping Methods, Base Map, Collection of Geological and Structural Data
Remote Sensing Application of Remote Sensing Techniques in Geological Studies
tSampling Purposes and Types of Samples, Techniques of Sampling, Sampling Patterns, Preparation of Samples for further studies
Microscopy Preparation and Studies of Thin sections and Polished sections, Types of Microscopes and their Applications in Geology.
Geochemical Analysis Geochemical Techniques and Instruments for Analyses of Rocks, Soils and Water Samples.
Geo-Scientific Writing Pre-Writing Stage: Scientific Paper, Technical Report, Illustrations (Maps, Line Diagrams, Graphs, Photographs) Writing Stage: Qualities of Scientific Paper, Aids to Writing, Writing Practices. Post Writing Stage: Oral and Poster Presentation, Modes of Preparation and use of various kinds of Oral Aids, Poster Presentation

Ph.D. (Geology): Career Prospects

Geologists can start working in industries related to Mining, Oil and Gas, Minerals and Water Resources. Students can also work in a college and universities as a teacher. There are some other areas where students can work like Mineralogy, Volcanology, Hydrology or Oceanography.

The following table shows the various job positions along with corresponding salaries and description:

Doctor of Philosophy in Geology annual salary
Job Position Job Description Average Annual Pay Scale in INR
Petroleum Geologists The duty of Petroleum Geologists is to discover location and amount of useful fuel such as Oil and Natural Gas in sediments or reservoirs 4, 93, 325
Environmental Geologists They study the Physical characteristics and composition of earth and its natural resources 4, 50, 000
Earth Science Teacher Earth Science Teacher teaches the course in Physical Sciences except Physics and Chemistry 3, 01, 462
Hydro geologists They help in study the location, movement, and quality of water formations below the surface of earth 5, 00, 000

Ph.D. (Geology) Fee Structure in India

4.67 K (Minimum Fee)PUBLIC COLLEGES1.70 L  (Maximum Fee)
58.53 K (Average Fee)
59 K (Minimum Fee)Private COLLEGES10.50 L (Maximum Fee)
3.16 L (Average Fee)

Ph.D. (Geology) Fee Structure By state


70.08 K
2.25 LPrivate COLLEGES2.25 L
2.25 L

Uttar Pradesh

45.21 K
10.50 LPrivate COLLEGES10.50 L
10.50 L


53.07 K
59 KPrivate COLLEGES59 K
59 K


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Ph.D. (Geology) Colleges IN INDIA

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Presidency College
Chennai, Tamil Nadu
1.2 K Total fees
Presidency University
Kolkata, West Bengal
14.5 K first year fees
Annamalai University - [AU]
Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu
38.41 K first year fees
9.29 K first year fees
Utkal University
Bhubaneswar, Orissa
9.5 K first year fees