B. Tech in Molecular and Cellular Engineering is a 4-year degree program specializes in general education as well as biology training with core courses in molecular and cell biology. Common topics include developmental biology and microbiology. It is an undergraduate program which is divided into 8 semesters, with each semester lasting a period of 6 months. During each semester, students are exposed to separate sets of both theoretical subjects and practical lab sessions.
The minimum eligibility for admission to the course is a class 12th/ Higher Secondary qualification with Biology, Maths and Chemistry as the main subjects. The mode of admission is entrance examination carried out by different universities like JEE Main, UPSEE, AIEEE and other State- level examinations. The average annual tuition fee charged for this course in India ranges between INR 3 to 6 Lacs.
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Successful graduates of B.Tech in Molecular and Cellular Engineering can apply for jobs in various pharmaceutical companies such as Dabur, Hindustan Lever, Cipla, Rossari Biotech India Pvt. Ltd and Hindustan Antibiotics. The most popular positions that they are hired for are Laboratory Technician, Biology Teacher, Research Specialist, Molecular Biologist, Cellular Biologist, Pharmacognosist, among others. Average annual starting salary offered to such graduates lies generally between INR 3 to 8 Lacs, which increases with experience in the field.
Top Colleges for Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] (Molecular & Cellular Engineering)
B.Tech in Molecular and Cellular Engineering: Highlights Table
Some of the major highlights of the course are tabulated here.
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Eligibility||10+2 with science subjects|
|Admission Process||Based on counselling after clearing Entrance Test, different for all colleges|
|Course Fee||INR 1.5 Lakh p.a.|
|Average Starting salary||INR 4 to 10 Lakh|
|Top recruiting companies||Dabur, Hindustan Lever, Cipla, Rossari Biotech India Pvt. Ltd and Hindustan Antibiotics|
|Job Description||Laboratory Technician, Biology Teacher, Research Specialist, Molecular Biologist, Cellular Biologist, Pharmacognosist|
B.Tech in Molecular and Cellular Engineering: What is it About?
Molecular Biology is the study of biology at the molecular level. The field overlaps with other areas of biology and chemistry, particularly genetics and biochemistry. Cell biology studies the properties of cells including their physiological properties, structure, their constituent organelles, interactions with their environment, their life cycle, division and death. Molecular and cellular biology are interrelated, since most of the properties and functions of a cell can be described at the molecular level.
Students graduating in the discipline are trained to develop a deep quantitative understanding of molecular interactions and cell behaviours in order to combat diseases. Students work with world-renowned leaders in the field as they navigate this critical frontier where molecular and cellular biology intersects with engineering and mathematics.
Molecular and Cellular Biology encompasses many biological fields including biotechnology, developmental biology, physiology, genetics and microbiology.
This discipline aims to better organize information in articles related to molecular and cell biology on Wikipedia. A major problem facing biology is organizing the vast amount of information that has been and continues to be collected about genomes, proteomes and cell functions. A primary goal of this project is to collect and organize the totality of this information and make it accessible to researchers and laypeople alike by providing an entry point to the wealth of biological data that is currently hidden in obscure databases and journal articles.
This graduate program in Molecular Biology welcomes students from a variety of educational backgrounds. Students select courses in a variety of disciplines and carry out research rotations with faculty members in Molecular Biology and associated programs and departments. The program provides a wide choice of advisers encompassing a broad spectrum of interdisciplinary interests and research objectives.
Courses are designed to develop quantitative reasoning and problem-solving skills; to introduce engineering- based analysis of physical, chemical, and biological systems; and to address open-ended technological questions across a spectrum of disciplines. The program aims to both prepare undergraduates for a wide variety of careers in technology-focused industries and for further postgraduate study in such fields as science, engineering, medicine, business, and law. The aim is to introduce invention and design, along with inquiry and discovery, as fruitful and complementary intellectual activities.
Top Institutes Offering B.Tech in Molecular and Cellular Engineering
Some of the leading institutes in the country offering the course are listed here along with the corresponding locations and the fees charged by each.
|Name of Institute||City||Average Annual Fees|
|Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture Technology & Sciences||Allahabad||INR 2.4 Lakh|
|Institute for Technology and Management||Mumbai||INR 7 Lakh|
|Lucknow University||Lucknow||INR 5,000|
|Bihar Agricultural University||Bihar||INR 7,000|
|Gujarat Forensic Sciences University||Gujarat||INR 1.3 Lakh|
Eligibility for B.Tech in Molecular and Cellular Engineering
The minimum academic qualification required for appearing in the main entrance examination, i.e. JEE Main, for admission to the course, is a 10+2 qualification or its equivalent from a recognized educational Board with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics/Biology as the main subjects. This engineering program is open to students of both Mathematics and Biology backgrounds.
The criterion determining the minimum eligible aggregate score for admission may vary from one institute to another. Generally, it lies between 40-50%. Students need to also have appeared for the relevant State- level entrance examination to be considered eligible to take part in the admission process.
B.Tech in Molecular and Cellular Engineering: Admission Process
Selection for the course is based on entrance exams held by different universities, with the general process being as shown below:
- Entrance Test
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B.Tech in Molecular and Cellular Engineering: Academic Opportunities
After successfully completing B. Tech in Molecular and Cellular Engineering, students interested in higher studies in the discipline may go for M. Tech, followed by research. Popular research areas in this field are cell & molecular biology, genetics & developmental biology, structural & computational biology, bioinformatics, bioremediation, tissue engineering and bioprocess engineering.
B.Tech in Molecular and Cellular Engineering: Career Prospects
Some of the prominent areas of research open to successful graduates of the course are as follows:
- Biochemistry, Biophysics & Structural Biology
- Cell Biology, Development & Cancer
- Genetics & Genomics
- Microbiology & Virology
- Quantitative and Computational Biology
B.Tech in Molecular and Cellular Engineering graduate find employment in various industries, some of which are mentioned here:
- Drug and pharmaceutical research
- Public funded laboratories
- Environment control
- Waste management
- Food processing
- Bio-processing industries
Successful completion of the course opens doors to a multitude of careers in botany, genetics, medicine and biotechnology. While entry-level positions can be secured with a bachelor's degree alone, greater levels of education afford more opportunities, specifically with regard to research and teaching opportunities.
Numerous biotechnology- based firms offer a wide variety of career opportunities for B. Tech graduates of Molecular and Cellular Engineering. Given below is a list of some such reputed firms which offer lucrative job opportunities for these graduates.
- Rajiv Gandhi Center for Biotechnology, Kerala (RGCB)
- BrainWave Bioinformatics Limited, Chennai
- Sisco Research Laboratories Private Limited, Mumbai
There is a range of many different careers that begin with a qualification in molecular and cell biology, for all levels, namely bachelor's, master’s and PhD degree holders. Molecular and Cellular Biologists and researchers work on a specific subject of interest or a specific project. Biology teachers may teach at the postsecondary level, and lab technicians assist scientists in performing tests and recording observations.
Some of the top Pharmaceutical recruiting industries and companies for B. Tech in Molecular and Cellular Engineering are Biocon, IFGL Bioceramics Limited, Orbees Medical, Invitrogen, Glaxosmithkline, Reliance life sciences, CTS Life Sciences, Dr.Reddy’s Labs, Cipla, Jubilant Life Sciences, Wockhardt, Torrent Pharma, Cadila Healthcare and Ranbaxy.
Some of the country’s leading recruiters for this discipline are as follows:
- Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)
- Dr. Reddy’s
- Deutsche Bank
- Tata Consultancy Services
- Global Analytics
Listed in the table below are some of the most popular job positions offered to successful graduates of B. Tech in Molecular and Cellular Engineering. Also mentioned are the corresponding job descriptions and the salaries offered for each role.
|Job Profile||Description||Pay Scale|
|Laboratory Technician||Performing entry-level work in cellular biology, laboratory technicians assist scientists with their studies and job duties.||Avg. 3 Lakh p.a.|
|Biology Teacher||Graduates of advanced degree programs in molecular and cellular biology may choose to become instructors.||Avg. 3.5 Lakh p.a.|
|Research Specialist||Researchers can focus on clinical or non-clinical areas of interest and work in labs or out in the field.||Avg. 3.5 Lakh p.a.|
|Molecular Biologist||Molecular Biologists study molecules or processes that affect them. These scientists can focus on types and classifications of molecules within a specific genre.||Avg. 4 Lakh p.a.|
|Cellular Biologist||Cellular Biologists examine how a cell develops, what its use or function is and how these living cells interact with one another.||Avg. 4 Lakh p.a.|
|Pharmacognosist||Pharmacognosists are professionals who devote time and effort to the study of how products from natural molecules can be used to make medicines, food and other agricultural and consumer products.||Avg. 10 lakh p.a.|
As beginners, eligible graduates of the course can earn up to INR 30,000 per month and after obtaining a higher degree, they can earn more than INR 50,000 per month. When degree holders are recruited abroad as postdoctoral fellows, they can earn around US$ 35,000 to 40,000 or Euro 25,000 to 30,000 annually.
A wide scope of 27 billion USD worth of outsourcing in R&D and 25,000 R&D- based jobs are available for genetic engineers. Besides, a large number of students opt for higher studies in India and abroad (USA, UK, Sweden, Australia, Germany and Canada) immediately after attaining a B.Tech degree.
B.Tech in Molecular and Cellular Engineering: Syllabus and Course Description
Some of the research projects that students pursuing the course carry out as part of their curriculum are listed here:
- Sequencing of chloroplast genome
- DNA bar coding of organisms
- RNA interference in plants
- Screening for LUX Genes among marine organisms
- Molecular diagnosis of viral pathogens
- Ultra-sensitive magnetic biosensor for cholesterol
- In-vitro Micro-propagation of orchids
- Production, purification and optimization of industrial enzymes
- Study on plant metabolites for anti cancer activity
- Direct bio-ethanol production from paddy straw
- Purification of curcin from the seeds of Jatropha curcus
- Drug delivery using polymers
The core subjects of Molecular and Cellular Engineering are tabulated below as a semester- wise breakup of the course’s syllabus:
Students upon completion of the course are sent for industrial training to eminent firms like Biocon, Reddy's Lab, Life Line Research Centre, Reliance Life Science, Life Cell. The internships last for a minimum period of 6 months, done in the relevant department.