Master of Philosophy in Ancient History and Culture Admissions, Syllabus and Jobs

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Pranjal Singhal

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Alert: MPhil will no more be a bridge  between Master’s and PhD in India, as it is going to be discontinued as per NEP 2020 

Master of Philosophy in Ancient History and Culture is an advanced post-graduate research program provided by a very few universities and institutes in India. Candidates who have completed a post-graduate degree in history can apply for this course.

Generally, universities provide admission based on the score of post-graduate degree, although some universities conduct their own admission tests. For example, University of Calcutta conducts a separate examination for admission in their M.Phil programs.

M.Phil in Ancient History and Culture is a research based program that is generally treated as a prerequisite for the candidates who intend to pursue Ph.D. in the field. The program comprises of study of past events from the beginning of recorded human history and extending as far as the Early Middle Ages or the Postclassical Era. It serves as the provisional enrollment for the related Ph.D. program.

Employment opportunities for candidates graduating in this course are available in various fields such as museums and art galleries, universities and colleges, boards of education, exhibit design companies, historical journalism etc. Average salary of the graduates in this field is INR 4,25,000.

Highlights of the M.Phil in Ancient History and Culture Course

Name of the course Master of Philosophy in Ancient History and Culture or M.Phil. in Ancient History and Culture
Duration of the course 2 years
Stream Arts
Average course fee Rs.10,000 to Rs.15000 for two years
Sectors of employment Lab, Academic Institutes, Forestry
Average entry-level salary INR 425,000

What is M.Phil in Ancient History and Culture course all about?

Master of Philosophy in Ancient History and Culture in a research oriented degree that provides the candidates with proper guidance in order to build up the resources to conduct their own research. Ancient history is the aggregate of past events from the beginning of recorded human history and extending as far as the Early Middle Ages or the Postclassical Era.

The program requires candidates to carry out extensive amount reading and analysis of historical artifacts. M.Phil in Ancient History Culture and Archaeology is a similar course provided by a number of universities.

Who should opt for M.Phil in Ancient History and Culture?

For anyone who has a lot of interest in ancient history and culture of various civilizations that existed in India and wishes to conduct more research in the subject, this program is apt. If you wish to pursue the doctoral course i.e. Ph.D. in the subject, completing this advanced post-graduate program is the way to go.

Achieving this degree requires candidates to have a high dedication towards the subject and excellent management skills to take on research projects.

Top institutes offering for M.Phil in Ancient History and Culture

Universities and colleges providing M.Phil in Ancient History and Culture and M.Phil in Ancient History Culture and Archaeology are listed below:

Name of the Institute City
University of Calcutta Calcutta
Deccan College Post Graduate and research Institute Pune
M.J.P. Rohilkhand University Bareilly
Jiwaji University Gwalior
Awadhesh Pratap Singh University Rewa
Jain University Bangalore
Utkal University  Bhubaneshwar
University College of Arts and Social Sciences  Hyderabad

M.Phil in Ancient History and Culture Eligibility Criteria

Candidate applying must have successfully completed a Master of Arts in History with minimum of 55% aggregate score. Other than the mentioned criterion candidate can also apply if he/she has scored 55% aggregate score in an exam that is considered equivalent such as ancient History and Culture or Archeology. Aside from the M.A. score some of the colleges conduct their entrance examination and a personal interview.

M.Phil in Ancient History and Culture Admission Process

Admission process of Master of Philosophy in Ancient History and Culture varies from college to college. Some of the universities and institutes conduct their own entrance examination. Information about a few of them is given below:

  1. University of Calcutta, Kolkata M.Phil Admission Test

Any applicant who has passed the MA or equivalent exam of this university with 55 percent marks in aggregate or with 60 percent marks in aggregate of any other recognized University.

Students who are taking MA Exam and/or Final Semester Exam in the subject may also apply provisionally and sit for the admission test but the final admission of the candidate will depend on passing the examination and obtaining the required marks mentioned above. Applicants who have qualified NET / SET or any equivalent national level exam are exempted from the admission test, but not from the interview.

  1. National Eligibility Test (NET)

This is a test to determine eligibility for college and university level lectureship and for award of Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) for Indian nationals. It aims to ensure minimum standards for the entrants in teaching professions and research.

It determines the eligibility of Indian nationals for Assistant Professor and Junior Research Fellowship positions in Indian Universities and Colleges. Its score is considered important by various colleges during M.Phil admission.

  1. State Eligibility Test (SET)

SET examination is conducted in 29 different subjects. Candidates can only give examination in the subjects of their post-graduate degrees. It is conducted by each state and some universities. Since this examination is conducted for the selection of candidates for the post of lecturer, the candidates must be post graduates. The score is considered valuable during the M.Phil admissions.

Direct admission

Direct admission through management quota is also available in a few of the private colleges, though most of the colleges have a strict selection criterion.


Master of Philosophy in Ancient History and Culture is a year program. It comprises of total four semesters and an examination is 2-year held at the end of each semester. At universities like Acharya Nagarjuna University, duration of the course is 1 year.

M.Phil in Ancient History and Culture Career prospects and Jobs

Candidates graduating in M.Phil. in Ancient History and Culture are open to employment opportunities as historians. Graduates can work and research in various areas related to the subject as historians. Historians are employed in a number of sectors such as follow: -

  • Museums and art galleries
  • Universities and colleges
  • Boards of education
  • Exhibit design companies
  • Parks, nature centers and world heritage sites
  • Preservation boards and historical societies
  • Cultural organizations

What can you become?

Job Description
Archivist Archivists work with specific forms of records like manuscripts, electronic records, maps, photographs and motion pictures etc. They help with organization, maintenance and provision of access to historical documentary materials.
Museum curator Museum curators assemble, catalogue, manage and help with presenting and displaying artistic and cultural collection. They are also in charge of a collection of exhibits in the museum.
Conservator Conservators restore, maintain, or prepare objects in the museum collection for storage, research and exhibit. They also have to work with fossils, skeletal parts and artifacts.
Archaeologist Archaeologists study human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and the analysis of artifacts and other physical remains.
Teachers and Researchers After completing M.Phil. in Ancient History and Culture, one can teach in schools and colleges. Researchers can conduct research in private organizations or in university departments. The historians conduct research about a number of topics related to a particular ancient history. Upon completion of the research, they can continue as an independent researcher or work as a professor in colleges or universities. They can also join as project leader or research director and lead or assist in government funded excavations.


M.Phil. in Ancient history offers candidates an extensive amount of knowledge in the field, making them experts in ancient history.

M.Phil in Ancient History and Culture Salary graph

Job Salary/annum
Museum curator INR 3,50,000
Assistant researcher INR 3,84,000
Professor INR 5,45,000

M.Phil in Ancient History and Culture Syllabus

This is the generalized format for one year program; the structure may vary as per each institute. Each candidate must submit a dissertation at the end of the curriculum for completion of the course.

Research methodology and thesis writing Study of techniques and thesis writing methodology
Historiography Study of the writing of history and of written histories.
History of Ideas Study and concepts
Debates in Indian History Study of historical conflicts
Dissertation Proposal and evaluation


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M.Phil. (Ancient History And Culture) Colleges IN INDIA

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7.5 K first year fees
Jiwaji University - [JU]
Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh
26.82 K Total fees