What is Bachelor of Arts?
Bachelor of Arts (BA) is an undergraduate program of 3 years and considered one of the most pursued courses in India, accounting to more than 9 million students.
For students to pursue Bachelor of Arts, all they need is a minimum passing mark in Class XII from a recognized board.
BA Admission usually takes place on the basis of merit, but there are several entrance exams as well like NPAT, BHU UET, DUET, etc.
BA: Key Highlights
One can pursue BA distance education from colleges like IGNOU, TNOU, KSOU, etc within a range of INR 6,000 to 20,000. The duration required to complete this program from distance is 3 years and the maximum duration of the same is 6 years.
|BHU UET 2020 exam date has been revised. BHU UET Exam is scheduled to be conducted between August 16 – 31, 2020.|
You need to study 5 compulsory subjects, along with a few electives in Bachelor of Arts courses. Bachelor of Arts subjects can be selected from a wide variety of options.
Tabulated below are the top colleges offering Bachelor of Arts in India, as per NIRF 2020.
|NIRF Rank, 2020||College||Admission Process||Average Fees (INR)||Average Placement (INR)|
|1||Miranda House||Merit-based||14,160||3-7 LPA|
|2||Lady Shri Ram College for Women||Merit-based||16,390||8-9 LPA|
|3||Hindu College||Merit-based||14,790||6-8 LPA|
|4||St. Stephen's College||Merit-based||34,000||7.5-8 LPA|
|5||Presidency College||Merit-based||1,242||3.5-5 LPA|
Latest Updates 2020-21
Students after completing BA have the option of doing further studies in MA Course, MBA Course, LLB or PG Diploma. The stream that offers opportunities in an academic field is MA Course and students who wants work in the corporate world are advised to do an MBA. MBA Jobs have higher salary as compared to MA Jobs.
Do I Qualify Bachelor of Arts Eligibility Criteria?
Any aspirant willing to pursue BA must check the mentioned below eligibility criteria to be fulfilled.
- The basic BA eligibility is to secure a minimum of 40% in Class XII from any recognized university.
- If aiming to study in Delhi University, Mumbai University or other prestigious universities, one needs to score more than 92%.
- SC/ST/OBC/Differently abled candidates get a 5% of relaxation in this criteria.
What is Bachelor of Arts Admission Process?
Admission to Bachelor of Arts is offered through both merit and entrances in India.
- Admission through Merit: Colleges generate their cut off list, and if you have scored within that criteria then you are eligible to take admission in that program. Cut off List in elite colleges like Hindu College, Miranda House, Gargi College, etc. goes upto 98% for BA courses.
- Admission through Entrance: Few colleges like Banaras Hindu University, Delhi University and more take admission through entrances like JNUEE, BHU UET, DUET, etc. Scores in these entrance exams and/or Class XII scores are considered during BA admission.
The process of admission for both merit and entrances types are the same with registration, uploading documents and application fees. The only difference is that one needs to collect the admit card and sit for the entrances in case of admission through entrances.
What are the Top Bachelor of Arts Entrance Exams?
In some BA colleges like BHU, Sharda University, etc., admission takes place through the following entrance exams.
|Exam Name||Conducting Body||Application Period||Exam Date||Exam Mode|
|DUET||Delhi University.||June 20-July 04, 2020 (Available)||To be announced||Online|
|NPAT||NMIMS||April 2021||June 2021||Computer-Based|
|BHU UET||Banaras Hindu University||January 2021||August 16 – 31, 2020||Online|
|CUCET||Rajasthan Central University||March 2021||To be notified later||Offline|
|TISS BAT||Tata Institute of Social Science||October 2020||May 2021||Paper 1- Online, Paper 2- Offline|
|IPU CET||Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University||March 3- July 20, 2020 (Extended)||To be announced||Online|
|JNUEE||Jawaharlal Nehru University||March 2021||To be announced||Online|
|DSAT||Dayanand Sagar University||January 2021||May 2021||Offline/Online|
How to get admission in a top Bachelor of Arts college?
To get admission in a good college offering Bachelor of Arts in India, you should try to score higher marks in Class XII. As admission is mostly done through merit, the cut off for elite colleges like Miranda, Gargi, Hindu, Hansraj, etc. goes upto 98-99%.
Keep a track of colleges in which you want to apply, and fulfill the eligibility criteria. Try to ensure that the applications should be submitted well before time for a hassle-free process.
In the case of entrances, the complete syllabus of BA entrance exams is tabulated below.
|General Awareness||Mental Ability||Numerical Ability|
|Comprehensive Ability||Environment and its Pollution||Human Body and Health|
|Common Diseases||Population Explosion||Production of food and raw materials|
|Solar System||Climate and Weather||Natural Resources|
|History||Indian Cultural Heritage||Literature and Art|
To make a proper time table and ensure good health is a must when preparing for the entrances.
One must have enough ideas on what is happening in and around the world, as well as remain updated about the colleges, exams and admission procedures.
BA: Quick Facts
Bachelor of Arts Specializations
Top Bachelor of Arts courses are:
- Bachelor of Arts in English: This is one of the most pursued BA courses in India. Students study subjects like British Literature, American Literature, Indian Literature, etc. If you want to become a professional English content writer and language expert, then Bachelor of Arts in English is perfect for you.
|Average Annual Fees||INR 20,000- 50,000|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 3-5 LPA|
|Bachelor of Arts in English Colleges|
- Bachelor of Arts in Psychology: Psychology is the study of human mind and behaviour. In Bachelor of Arts in Psychology course, students study subjects like General Psychology, Experimental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Abnormal Psychology etc
|Average Annual Fees||INR 30,000- 80,000|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 3-5.5 LPA|
|Bachelor of Arts in Psychology Colleges|
- Bachelor of Arts in Economics: BA in Economics can be called a professional course. It is designed to train individuals in analyzing concepts and processes of the economy by educating them in areas such as definition, nature, scope, concepts, utility, production, market, etc.
|Average Annual Fees||INR 30,000- 60,000|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 3-6 LPA|
|Bachelor of Arts in Economics Colleges|
- Bachelor of Arts in History: BA in History is a very popular course and students study the subject of history and allied areas. Students study subjects like History of Medieval India, History of Modern India, History of Europe, American History, etc.
|Average Annual Fees||INR 30,000- 40,000|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 4-6 LPA|
|Bachelor of Arts in History Colleges|
- Bachelor of Arts in Sociology: BA in Sociology is also another popular option by Arts students. They study subjects like Applied Sociology, Comparative Sociology, Cultural Sociology, Collective Behavior, etc.
|Average Annual Fees||INR 20,000- 50,000|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 3-6 LPA|
|Bachelor of Arts in Sociology Colleges|
- Bachelor of Arts in Hindi: This program aims to study fundamental aspects of Hindi language and literature. For somebody who loves to read poems and stories of Munshi Premchand, Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, Harishankar Parsai, etc. Bachelor of Arts in Hindi is the perfect course.
|Average Annual Fees||INR 8,000 – INR 25,000|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 2-4 LPA|
|Bachelor of Arts in Hindi Colleges|
More Bachelor of Arts Specializations
|BA Political Science||BA Education|
|BA Mass Communication||BA Philosophy|
|BA Criminology||BA Geography|
|BA Public Administration||BA in Journalism|
Source: University websites and Payscale.
What are the Types of Bachelor Of Arts?
The table below shows some of the relevant information on the types of Bachelor of arts courses other than the regular BA.
|Parameter||Distance BA||Online BA|
|Mode||Away from university infrastructure||Online through web facility|
|Duration||3-6 Years||1-4 Years|
|Eligibility||10+2 qualifying degree from a recognized board.||High Secondary degree from a recognized board.|
|Average Fees||INR 6,000 to 20,000||INR 40 000 to 1,00, 000|
|Top Colleges||IGNOU, TNOU, KSOU, USOL, etc||Amity University Online, Harvard University, etc|
Source: University websites
Note: Bachelor of Arts courses are not offered online in India, apart from Amity University Online. These courses are widely offered online by foreign universities.
Bachelor of Arts Syllabus
BA syllabus depend upon the course taken, but following are the common Bachelor of Arts subjects taught throughout the duration of the year, along with electives:
|Foundation Course in English||Foundation Course in Hindi|
|Understanding Prose and Poetry||Foundation Course in Humanities and Social Sciences|
|History of Urdu Language||History of Urdu Literature|
|Society and Religion||Administrative Theory|
|India: Earliest Times to 8th Century A.D.||Political Ideas and Ideologies|
|India From 8th to 15th Century A.D.||Government & Politics in India|
|India From 16th to Mid-18th Century A.D.||Modern Indian Political Thought|
|Modern Europe: Mid 18th to Mid-20th Century||Government and Politics in East|
|Economic Development||Government and Politics in Australia|
|The Study of Society||Society in India|
|Fundamentals of Economics||Agricultural Development in India|
|Social Problems in India||Indian Philosophy|
|Indian Economic Development: Issues and Perspectives||Ancient and Medieval Philosophy|
|Elementary Statistical Methods and Survey Techniques||Modern Western Philosophy|
|National Income||Contemporary Western Philosophy|
|Public Policy||Philosophy of Science and Cosmology|
|Religions of the World||Philosophy of Human Persons|
Bachelor of Arts: Elective Courses
Some of the Bachelor of Arts electives are tabulated below.
|Elements of Rural Development||Understanding Human Language||Archaeological Anthropology|
|Urban Geography||Economy and Society||Introductory Econometrics|
|Communication and Development||Ethics In Public Domain||Philosophy of mind|
|Developmental Psychology||Environmental Issues In India||Global Politics|
|Contemporary Literature||Public Policy and Administration in India||Ability Enhancement Course|
Recommended Books for Bachelor of Arts
Some of the popular BA Books are:
|Name of the Book||Author|
|Essentials of Educational Psychology||S.K.Mangal|
|Ancient India||R.S Tripathi|
|Public Administration Theory and Practice||M.P. Sharma|
|A Background to study of English Literature||B. Prasad|
|A Short History of English Literature Pramod||K Nayar|
|The Wonder that was India, London 1954||Basham, A|
See what all BA Syllabus has to offer.
Bachelor of Arts College Comparison
The table drawn below shows the comparison made between the best colleges offering Bachelor of Arts in India.
|Parameters||Lady Shri Ram College for Women||St. Stephen's College|
|Overview||Lady Shri Ram College for Women is one of the prime colleges in Delhi. It was established in the year 1956 and offers more than 16 courses.||Founded in 1881,it is one of the top BA colleges in India which offers BA courses, apart from BA (Hons) as well.|
|NIRF Rank, 2020||2||4|
|Location||New Delhi||New Delhi|
|Eligibility||10+2 level of degree in any stream with more than 90% from a recognized board.||Qualifying certificate of class XII with any stream (but mainly humanities) from a recognized board|
|Average Annual Fees||INR 16,390||INR 34,000|
|Average Annual Salary||INR 8-9 LPA||INR 7.5-8 LPA|
|Top companies visited||Deloitte, ITC Hotels, NIIT, Byju’s, Toppr, BCG, ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank, KPMG, Accenture, Nestle, Genpact,TCS, Reliance, HCL, etc.||McKinsey, AT Kearney, Monitor Deloitte and Takshashila Consulting, Goldman Sachs, Deutsche Bank, Swiss ReInsurance Group, Pernod-Ricard etc.|
Source: University websites
BA vs BA Hons: What is the Difference?
Tabulated below is the comparison between BA and BA Hons based on the parameters like specializations, average annual fees, packages offered and more.
|Objective||In BA course, you study compulsory 5 subjects which include History, Political Science, Sociology, English, etc,without any specializations.||In BA Hons, you specialize in one subject which could be History, English, Political Science, Psychology, Anthropology, Economics, etc|
|Specializations||It is a general course with no specializations.||History, Geography, Sociology, Philosophy, Journalism, Hindi, English, etc. .|
|Average Annual Fees||INR 10,000 to 60,000||INR 20,000 to 80,000|
|Duration||3 years||3 years|
|Eligibility||High school qualifying degree from a prestigious board.||10+2 in any stream from a recognized board.|
|Admission Process||Entrance exam and Merit Based||Entrance exam and Merit Based|
|Top Colleges||Kirori Mal College, Madras Christian College, Loyola College, Hindu College, etc||Lady Shri Ram College for Women, St. Stephens College, Miranda College Hansraj College, etc.|
|Job Roles||Content Writer, Editor, Event Management, Policy Maker, etc.||Political Analyst, Historian,Public Relations, Editor, etc.|
|Average Annual Salary||INR 4 to 7 LPA||INR 4 to 8 LPA|
Source: University websites and Payscale.
What After Bachelor of Arts?
Bachelor of Arts degree holders become eligible to work in both government and private sectors with an average saLary ranging from INR 4-7LPA.
Educational Institutes,, Economic Development, Export Companies, Foreign Affairs,, Law Firms, Lobbying Firms, Media Houses etc.are some of the main domai for these candidates to work.
BA students with less than 1 year of experience can expect a minimum salary of around INR 18,000- 25,000. In cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, etc., you can expect a minimum salary of INR 22,000- 28,000. In other cities, the minimum salary can start from INR 15,000- 18,000 but it largely depends upon the job profile and the company.
Deloitte, ITC Hotels, NIIT, Byju’s, Toppr, BCG, ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank, KPMG, Accenture, etc.are some of the top recruiting companies of Bachelor of Arts.
Below are the major Bachelor of Arts jobs with role description and average salary offered:
|Job Profile||Description||Average Salary (INR)|
|Content Creator||Content creators can be employed in any field ranging from copywriting to travel writing, blogging, etc. They are also required in big MNCs to develop content for brands and advertising.||3.5 LPA|
|Academic Writing and Editing||Academic writers usually write content for research articles or papers and edit the already written articles for further modifications.||4 LPA|
|Air Hostess/ Flight Attendant||They are responsible for the safety of passengers inside the flight, taking care of them and serving them onboard.||6 LPA|
|Political Consultant||A political consultant studies the origin, development, and operation of political systems, which may include public opinion, ideology, political decision-making,||7.5 LPA|
|Author/ Writer||An Author writes fictional, academic, non fictional or any genre of books or short stories, apart from different sorts of literature mediums.||4.5 LPA|
|Historian||A historian usually writes or outlines the chronological account or record of past or current events in history, dealing with some phase of human activity, either in terms of individuals, or social, ethnic, political, or geographic groupings.||4.5 LPA|
|Psychologist||A psychologist employs their education and practical knowledge to provide diagnostic interviews, psychological testing, and individual, group psychotherapy, etc. They can work individually or may work as part of a multidisciplinary team or professionals.||4.2 LPA|
|Executive Assistant||An Executive Assistant performs the role similar to a secretary or administrative assistant. They usually perform tasks from accepting and making phone calls, setting business meeting agendas to reviewing incoming reports, etc.||6 LPA|
|Counsellor||A counselor guides students or professionals about their career and studies as per the client’s interest. They work either individually or under some counselling company.||3.5 LPA|
|Foreign Language Expert||Foreign language experts are the professionals who help to translate conversations and written files to overcome language barriers in business and communication.||4 LPA|
|Social Worker||Social work can be done in any field like child labour, women's rights, unemployment, anima services, etc. There are so many government institutions and organizations which require social workers. They are also employed by national and international NGOs.||2.9 LPA|
|Archaeologist||An Archaeologist investigates historic and prehistoric sites and examines the physical remains to understand human links to the past and to preserve past cultures.||3.5 LPA|
After doing a BA course, you have a wide array of options of industry jobs, higher education and government sector jobs.
Courses after BA: You can pursue MA in various specializations like:
|MA Development Studies||MA Gender Studies||MA Journalism||MA Sociology|
|MA History||MA Education||MA International Relations||MA English|
|MA Economics||MA Psychology||MA Political Science||MA Anthropology|
If you are interested in getting employment in the public and service sector in central and state government, then pursuing BA is the right option for you. Many BA students give exams like UPSC, IAS, SSC, etc. to get a job with a higher pay scale in the government sector. You can also clear the bank exams and get employment as a manager or senior executive in a bank.
Candidates can also go for professional courses like MBA, LLB, B.Ed, etc as well. Apart from these there are several professional diploma courses also like photography, language studies (French, Spanish, etc.), graphic designing, digital marketing, etc. which will help you get better jobs in the market.
Bachelor of Arts: FAQs
Ques. What is BA Full form?
Ans. Full form of BA is Bachelor of Arts.
Ques: What are the common Bachelor of Arts subjects?
Ans. It includes English, Hindi, History, Political Science, Philosophy, etc. apart from many elective courses like Fine Arts, Psychology, Economics, etc.
Ques What are the common Bachelor of Arts jobs?
Ans. BA graduates find employment in private, public and government sectors in profession like Political Consultant and Analyst, Intelligence Specialist, Archivist, Historian, Museologist, Lobbyist, Restaurant Operations, Public Relations, Content writing and editing, Counselor, Consultant, Policy Maker, Flight Attendant, Academic Writer, Executive Assistant, Associate, Social Worker, etc.
Ques. What is a Bachelor of Arts in English?
Ans. Bachelor of Arts (BA) in English is a 3-year undergraduate academic course in the language English and English Literature. It is offered in various private and public universities and includes subjects like English Literature, Twentieth Century Indian Writing, British Poetry and Drama, American Literature, etc.
Ques. Is a BA degree worth it?
Ans. Yes, it is totally worth it. First of all, the fees to pursue BA is less than any other degree out there. Secondly, there are so many career options after BA like higher education in MA, BA LLB, MBA, etc. and job offers as well in positions of Political Consultant and Analyst, Intelligence Specialist, Archivist, Historian, Museologist, Lobbyist, Restaurant Operations, Public Relations, Content writing and editing, Counselor, Consultant, Policy Maker, Flight Attendant, Academic Writer, Executive Assistant, Associate, Social Worker, etc.
Click on BA Jobs & Career Options
Ques. What course should I do after BA?
Ques. Is Bachelor of Arts a professional degree?
Ans. No, BA is an academic degree that provides a base to students who want to study liberal arts, social science and humanities.
Ques. How many subjects are there in Bachelor of Arts courses?
Ans. Five compulsory subjects are taught in BA and there is an option to choose a wide variety of electives like Philosophy, Psychology, Economics, etc., apart from the five subjects.
Ques. What are some top BA colleges in Delhi?
Ans. Top BA Colleges in Delhi are Miranda House, St. Stephen’s, Kirori Mal, Hansraj, Hindu College, Gargi College, etc.
Ques. What is the duration and fees of BA course in IGNOU?
Ans. BA course in IGNOU can be done between 3 year to 5years.
Ques. Why do students do BA LLB?
Ans. BA LLB is a 5-year integrated law course which students can do right after Class XII. Its curriculum is made in such a way that both law and art subjects are included in the entire course. This course is for students who want to become professional lawyers.
Ques. Has the BHU UET Exam been postponed due to Covid 19?
Ans. BHU UET 2020 was scheduled to be conducted on April 26 and May 10, 2020, but it is now scheduled to be between August 16 – 31, 2020 because of COVID 19 outbreak.